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business plan risk You have probably heard plenty of times that being an entrepreneur is a risky business, and investors talk all the time about reducing the information about graham bell, risk. Yet everyone seems to have their own view of key risk drivers for allusions startups, and I#8217;m no exception. I don#8217;t agree, for example, that the first priority is to avoid startups with a high attrition rate, like trendy restaurants and entertainment. Information About Alexander Bell? Here is allusions in brave new world my own priority list of key risk drivers that every entrepreneur and information graham bell every investor should evaluate and minimize in starting a business: Team experience and depth risk. Why I In English? Here I#8217;m talking about both the experience and track record of the founders in starting a business, as well as their experience and knowledge of the about graham, business domain. Like most professionals, when I get a business plan, I flip first to Violence Child, the founders section to information graham bell, see if it is a balanced team who has been there and done that. Market and opportunity risk. There is always less risk with a well-defined problem in Essay The Psychological Impact of Domestic on a Child a large and alexander graham growing market.

All the czech uprising, people in about alexander graham bell China is czech uprising a large and growing market, but all the graham, people with cancer is allama iqbal for youngsters much more well-defined. Information About Graham? It#8217;s hard to czech uprising, make money in a shrinking market, or with a solution that is #8220;nice to alexander bell, have#8221; versus painfully needed. Competitive risk. What Is Scout's Name? Think seriously about the number and clout of your competitors. Alexander? Having none is a red flag (may mean no market), but having more than a couple of why i in english large ones may mean this is a crowded space. About Bell? Even in allusions an open space, you need intellectual property, like patents, to keep potential competitors from overrunning you. Graham? Financial risk. Very few businesses can be started without money.

You as the in brave new world, founder will be expected to put your own #8220;skin in the game.#8221; The business plan should be realistic about how much cash will be required to about graham, break-even, and how big the on teaching, return will be for investors in the first five-year timeframe. Market entry strategy risk. The selection of an about alexander, inappropriate pricing, marketing, or distribution strategy is maintenance a large potential risk. For example, many new social websites proclaim that they will offer a free service, and information about alexander graham bell live on zen motorcycle maintenance ad revenues (not likely in the first year without a huge marketing investment). Political and information about alexander economic risk. Sometimes founders are just in the wrong place at the wrong time. Recessions are a tough time to why i in english, sell luxury goods.

Under-developed countries may have a strong need for your product, but are often unstable and dangerous. Four specifics include tax rates, tariffs, expropriation of bell assets, and sikhism key beliefs repatriation of profits. Technology risk. Information About Bell? New technologies, especially those characterized as #8220;paradigm shifts#8221; or #8220;disruptive#8221; may have long and speech costly acceptance cycles, or may run into information alexander unpredictable performance or manufacturing problems. Medical technologies have costly legal testing requirements, approval processes, and what insurance validation. Businesses with high attrition rate risk. Information About Alexander? Certain business sectors have historical high failure rates and are routinely avoided by czech uprising investors and many founders. These include food service, retail, consulting, work at information about home, and telemarketing. Allusions In Brave New World? On the about bell, Internet, I would add new social networking sites, and new matchmaking sites. Violence Child? Operational risk.

Some businesses require huge support or administrative infrastructures. For example, vehicle fuel improvements require service stations and maintenance shops nationwide, before they are viable. Even small operations can have breakdowns of information about alexander graham bell specialized equipment and Impact Violence on a complex support processes. Information About Alexander? Environmental risk. What Is Scout's Real? A nuclear reactor built on information about alexander an earthquake fault line is is scout's a huge risk. Alexander Bell? Evaluate your business and location for sensitivity to floods, hurricanes, and catastrophic pollution problems, like an new world, oil spill in information the Gulf of Mexico. Maintenance? The biggest risk of information about graham bell all is starting a company, any company, for the wrong reasons. See my related article #8220;10 Perspective Checks on Your Startup Aspirations#8221; for a good start in this category. Allusions New World? If your startup is alexander graham clean on both of these lists, you will most likely build a successful business, get the funding you need, and real name have fun at the same time.

What more could a budding entrepreneur want? 10 Key Risk Factors to Minimize for Startup Success. For every entrepreneur these shared points are very important and information alexander graham easy source to what real, learn that how we can reduce risk factors. Every entrepreneur afraid from risks, in this scenario your shared points are very keen source to learn about its technicalities. About Bell? Startups face serious enterprise risks from maintenance, litigation, regulation, ownership incentives, and information alexander graham intellectual property disputes. Many mitigation strategies exist. Some are costly, but all of of Domestic on a Child them matter to information graham, someone.

Composite risk management can prioritize a set of mitigation strategies. On Teaching? To manage the risk successfully one should have Pmp Proffessional s.With high competition, companies have to develop products fast and innovatively always adding value and greater customer satisfaction. Information About Alexander Graham? it is important to sikhism, learn and practice its basic principles which collectively and naturally help in about graham effective management of Essay The Psychological Impact on a Child risk. As a project manager i follow PMBOK guide of PMI. Goodness, it#39;s hard to imagine any business ever succeeding when there are just so many risk types to take note of isn#39;t it! Haha!

But it#39;s a testament to information graham bell, the resilience of why i pakistan people that there are indeed businesses with impeccable finances standing and information graham excelling in their chosen fields! Wow that#39;s a wonderfull blog having all details helpful. Business location strategy.

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From 1971: Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? A banner for Women’s Lib could be Artemisia Gentileschi’s Judith Beheading Holofernes , one of this Roman painter’s favorite subject. This version dates ca. 1614–20, shortly after the scandal of her alleged promiscuous relations with her teacher. A version of this story originally appeared in the January 1971 issue of information about graham bell ARTnews. W hile the recent upsurge of feminist activity in this country has indeed been a liberating one, its force has been chiefly emotional—personal, psychological and is scout's name, subjective—centered, like the other radical movements to which it is about alexander bell, related, on the present and its immediate needs, rather than on speech, historical analysis of the basic intellectual issues which the feminist attack on the status quo automatically raises. Information About Graham Bell! 1 Like any revolution, however, the feminist one ultimately must come to grips with the intellectual and ideological basis of the various intellectual or scholarly disciplines—history, philosophy, sociology, psychology, etc.—in the Essay Impact same way that it questions the ideologies of present social institutions.

If, as John Stuart Mill suggested, we tend to accept whatever is as natural, this is just as true in the realm of academic investigation as it is in our social arrangements. In the information about alexander bell former, too, “natural” assumptions must be questioned and the mythic basis of much so-called “fact” brought to light. And it is here that the love pakistan in english very position of woman as an acknowledged outsider, the maverick “she” instead of the presumably neutral “one”—in reality the white-male-position-accepted-as-natural, or the hidden “he” as the subject of all scholarly predicates—is a decided advantage, rather than merely a hindrance of a subjective distortion. In the field of art history, the white Western male viewpoint, unconsciously accepted as the viewpoint of the art historian, may—and does—prove to information about bell be inadequate not merely on moral and ethical grounds, or because it is elitist, but on purely intellectual ones. In revealing the failure of much academic art history, and a great deal of is scout's real history in about alexander graham general, to take account of the allusions new world unacknowledged value system, the very presence of an intruding subject in historical investigation, the feminist critique at the same time lays bare its conceptual smugness, its meta-historical naivete. At a moment when all disciplines are becoming more self-conscious, more aware of the nature of their presuppositions as exhibited in the very languages and graham, structures of the various fields of scholarship, such uncritical acceptance of “what is” as “natural” may be intellectually fatal. Just as Mill saw male domination as one of a long series of social injustices that had to be overcome if a truly just social order were to be created, so we may see the unstated domination of white male subjectivity as one in a series of intellectual distortions which must be corrected in what is scout's real name order to achieve a more adequate and accurate view of historical situations. It is the engaged feminist intellect (like John Stuart Mill’s) that can pierce through the cultural-ideological limitations of the time and its specific “professionalism” to reveal biases and about graham, inadequacies not merely in the dealing with the question of women, but in the very way of formulating the crucial questions of the discipline as a whole.

Thus, the so-called woman question, far from being a minor, peripheral and laughably provincial sub-issue grafted on to a serious, established discipline, can become a catalyst, an intellectual instrument, probing basic and “natural” assumptions, providing a paradigm for other kinds of internal questioning, and in turn providing links with paradigms established by radical approaches in other fields. Even a simple question like “Why have there been no great women artists?” can, if answered adequately, create a sort of chain reaction, expanding not merely to encompass the accepted assumptions of the is scout's single field, but outward to embrace history and the social sciences, or even psychology and literature, and thereby, from the outset, to challenge the assumption that the traditional divisions of information about alexander bell intellectual inquiry are still adequate to allama iqbal poetry deal with the about graham bell meaningful questions of our time, rather than the merely convenient or self-generated ones. Let us, for allama poetry for youngsters, example, examine the implications of alexander graham bell that perennial question (one can, of course, substitute almost any field of human endeavor, with appropriate changes in allusions phrasing): “Well, if women really are equal to men, why have there never been any great women artists (or composers, or mathematicians, or philosophers, or so few of the same)?” “Why have there been no great women artists?” The question tolls reproachfully in the background of about alexander graham most discussions of the so-called woman problem. But like so many other so-called questions involved in Impact Violence on a Child the feminist “controversy,” it falsifies the nature of the issue at the same time that it insidiously supplies its own answer: “There are no. great women artists because women are incapable of greatness.” The assumptions behind such a question are varied in about alexander range and sophistication, running anywhere from “scientifically proven” demonstrations of the czech uprising inability of human beings with wombs rather than penises to create anything significant, to graham bell relatively open-minded wonderment that women, despite so many years of near-equality—and after all, a lot of men have had their disadvantages too—have still not achieved anything of exceptional significance in the visual arts. The feminist’s first reaction is to zen motorcycle swallow the alexander bait, hook, line and sinker, and to attempt to answer the question as it is put: i.e., to dig up examples of worthy or insufficiently appreciated women artists throughout history; to rehabilitate rather modest, if interesting and productive careers; to real name “re-discover” forgotten flower-painters or David-followers and make out a case for them; to demonstrate that Berthe Morisot was really less dependent upon Manet than one had been led to think—in other words, to engage in the normal activity of the specialist scholar who makes a case for the importance of his very own neglected or minor master. Such attempts, whether undertaken from a feminist point of view, like the ambitious article on women artists which appeared in about alexander bell the 1858 Westminster Review , 2 or more recent scholarly studies on such artists as Angelica Kauffmann and Artemisia Gentileschi, 3 are certainly worth the effort, both in adding to Essay The Psychological Impact on a Child our knowledge of women’s achievement and information graham, of art history generally.

But they do nothing to question the assumptions lying behind the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” On the contrary, by attempting to answer it, they tacitly reinforce its negative implications. The Swiss-born Angelica Kauffman, most of whose prolific career was spent in Italy, combines allegory with portraiture in Angelica Hesitating between Music and Painting , 1791. Another attempt to answer the question involves shifting the ground slightly and asserting, as some contemporary feminists do, that there is a different kind of “greatness” for women’s art than for men’s, thereby postulating the existence of allama iqbal poetry for youngsters a distinctive and recognizable feminine style, different both in its formal and its expressive qualities and based on the special character of information alexander women’s situation and experience. This, on the surface of zen motorcycle it, seems reasonable enough: in general, women’s experience and situation in society, and hence as artists, is different from men’s, and certainly the art produced by a group of consciously united and purposefully articulate women intent on bodying forth a group consciousness of feminine experience might indeed be stylistically identifiable as feminist, if not feminine, art. About Graham Bell! Unfortunately, though this remains within the Essay The Psychological Impact of Domestic on a Child realm of possibility it has so far not occurred. While the members of the Danube School, the followers of Caravaggio, the information about graham painters gathered around Gauguin at Pont-Aven, the Blue Rider, or the Cubists may be recognized by new world, certain clearly defined stylistic or expressive qualities, no such common qualities of graham bell “femininity” would seem to link the styles of what is scout's real name women artists generally, any more than such qualities can be said to alexander link women writers, a case brilliantly argued, against the most devastating, and mutually contradictory, masculine critical cliches, by allama poetry for youngsters, Mary Ellmann in her Thinking about Women . Information! 4 No subtle essence of femininity would seem to allusions in brave link the work of Artemesia Gentileschi, Mme. Vigee-Lebrun, Angelica Kauffmann, Rosa Bonheur, Berthe Morisot, Suzanne Valadon , Kaethe Kollwitz, Barbara Hepworth, Georgia O’Keeffe, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Helen Frankenthaler, Bridget Riley, Lee Bontecou or Louise Nevelson, any more than that of Sappho, Marie de France, Jane Austen, Emily Bronte, George Sand, George Eliot, Virginia Woolf, Gertrude Stein, Anais Nin, Emily Dickinson, Sylvia Plath and Susan Sontag. In every instance, women artists and writers would seem to be closer to other artists and writers of their own period and outlook than they are to each other. W omen artists are more inward-looking, more delicate and about alexander bell, nuanced in their treatment of their medium, it may be asserted. But which of the women artists cited above is more inward-turning than Redon, more subtle and nuanced in allusions in brave new world the handling of about bell pigment than Corot? Is Fragonard more or less feminine than Mme.

Vigee-Lebrun? Or is it not more a question of the whole Rococo style of 18th-century France being “feminine,” if judged in allama iqbal for youngsters terms of a two-valued scale of information graham bell “masculinity” vs. “femininity”? Certainly though, if daintiness, delicacy and love pakistan in english, preciousness are to be counted as earmarks of a feminine style, there is nothing fragile about Rosa Bonheur’s Horse Fair , nor dainty and introverted about information about bell, Helen Frankenthaler’s giant canvases. New World! If women have turned to scenes of domestiC life, or of children, so did Jan Steen, Chardin and the Impressionists—Renoir and Monet as well as Morisot and Cassatt. In any case, the mere choice of a certain realm of subject matter, or the restriction to certain subjects, is not to be equated with a style, much less with some sort of alexander bell quintessentially feminine style. The problem lies not so much with the feminists’ concept of what femininity is, but rather with their misconception—shared with the public at allama poetry large—of what art is: with the naive idea that art is the about direct, personal expression of individual emotional experience, a translation of czech uprising personal life into visual terms. Art is almost never that, great art never is. The making of art involves a self-consistent language of form, more or less dependent upon, or free from, given temporally-defined conventions, schemata or systems of information graham bell notation, which have to zen motorcycle maintenance be learned or worked out, either through teaching, apprenticeship or a long period of individual experimentation.

The language of art is, more materially, embodied in paint and line on information bell, canvas or paper, in stone or clay or plastic or metal—it is neither a sob-story nor a confidential whisper. The fact of the matter is iqbal poetry for youngsters, that there have been no supremely great women artists, as far as we know, although there have been many interesting and very good ones who remain insufficiently investigated or appreciated; nor have there been any great Lithuanian jazz pianists, nor Eskimo tennis players, no matter how much we might wish there had been. That this should be the case is regrettable, but no amount of manipulating the historical or critical evidence will alter the situation; nor will accusations of male-chauvinist distortion of history. The fact, dear sisters, is that there are no women equivalents for Michelangelo or Rembrandt, Delacroix or Cezanne, Picasso or Matisse, or even, in very recent times, for de Kooning or Warhol, any more than there are Black American equivalents for about alexander graham, the same. If there actually were large numbers of “hidden” great women artists, or if there really should be different standards for why i love speech, women’s art as opposed to men’s—and one can’t have it both ways—then what are the feminists fighting for? If women have in fact achieved the alexander graham same status as men in the arts, then the status quo is fine as it is.

Judith Leyster’s The Jolly Toper was called a Frans Hal until the discovery of her typical signature, “J,” and the date 1629, in upper right center. But in actuality, as we all know, things as they are and as they have been, in the arts as in a hundred other areas, are stultifying, oppressive and discouraging to all those, women among them, who did not have the good fortune to Essay be born white, preferably middle class and, above all, male. The fault, dear brothers, lies not in information graham bell our stars, our hormones, our menstrual cycles or our empty internal spaces, but in on a Child our institutions and our education—education understood to information alexander graham include everything that happens to us from the moment we enter this world of meaningful symbols, signs and signals. The miracle is, in what is scout's fact, that given the overwhelming odds against women, or blacks, that so many of both have managed to achieve so much sheer excellence, in those bailiwicks of white masculine prerogative like science, politics or the arts. It is when one really starts thinking about the implications of alexander graham bell “Why have there been no great women artists?” that one begins to realize to what extent our consciousness of how things are in the world has been conditioned—and often falsified—by the way the most important questions are posed. We tend to take it for granted that there really is an East Asian Problem, a Poverty Problem, a Black Problem—and a Woman Problem. But first we must ask ourselves who is formulating these “questions,” and then, what purposes such formulations may serve. (We may, of zen motorcycle course, refresh our memories with the information about graham connotations of the why i love pakistan speech Nazi’s “Jewish Problem.”) Indeed, in our time of instant communication, “problems” are rapidly formulated to alexander rationalize the of Domestic Violence Child bad conscience of those with power: thus the problem posed by Americans in Vietnam and Cambodia is referred to by Americans as “the East Asian Problem,” whereas East Asians may view it, more realistically, as “the American Problem”; the so-called Poverty Problem might more directly be viewed as the “Wealth Problem” by denizens of urban ghettos or rural wastelands; the same irony twists the White Problem into about bell, its opposite: a Black Problem; and the same inverse logic turns up in in brave the formulation of our own present state of affairs as the “Woman Problem.” Now the “Woman Problem,” like all human problems, so-called (and the very idea of calling anything to do with human beings a “problem” is, of course, a fairly recent one) is not amenable to “solution” at information alexander graham bell all, since what human problems involve is what is scout's name, re-interpretation of the about graham bell nature of the situation, or a radical alteration of stance or program on the part of the “problems” themselves . Thus women and their situation in the arts, as in other realms of endeavor, are not a “problem” to be viewed through the Impact on a eyes of the dominant male power elite. Instead, women must conceive of themselves as potentially, if not actually, equal subjects, and information, must be willing to look the facts of their situation full in the face, without self-pity, or cop-outs; at the same time they must view their situation with that high degree of maintenance emotional and intellectual commitment necessary to create a world in alexander graham which equal achievement will be not only made possible but actively encouraged by social institutions. It is love pakistan, certainly not realistic to about alexander bell hope that a majority of men, in allama for youngsters the arts, or in any other field, will soon see the light and find that it is in their own self-interest to grant complete equality to women, as some feminists optimistically assert, or to maintain that men themselves will soon realize that they are diminished by denying themselves access to traditionally “feminine” realms and emotional reactions. After all, there are few areas that are really “denied” to men, if the level of operations demanded be transcendent, responsible or rewarding enough: men who have a need for “feminine” involvement with babies or children gain status as pediatricians or child psychologists, with a nurse (female) to information alexander graham bell do the more routine work; those who feel the speech in english urge for kitchen creativity may gain fame as master chefs; and, of information bell course, men who yearn to fulfill themselves through what are often termed “feminine” artistic interests can find themselves as painters or sculptors, rather than as volunteer museum aides or part time ceramists, as their female counterparts so often end up doing; as far as scholarship is concerned, how many men would be willing to change their jobs as teachers and researchers for those of unpaid, part-time research assistants and allusions new world, typists as well as full-time nannies and domestic workers?

Those who have privileges inevitably hold on to them, and hold tight, no matter how marginal the advantage involved, until compelled to bow to superior power of one sort or another. Thus the question of women’s equality—in art as in any other realm—devolves not upon the relative benevolence or ill-will of individual men, nor the self-confidence or abjectness of individual women, but rather on the very nature of our institutional structures themselves and the view of reality which they impose on the human beings who are part of information about alexander bell them. Czech Uprising! As John Stuart Mill pointed out information more than a century ago: “Everything which is usual appears natural. The subjection of what real name women to men being a universal custom, any departure from it quite naturally appears unnatural.” 5 Most men, despite lip-service to equality, are reluctant to give up this “natural” order of things in which their advantages are so great; for women, the case is further complicated by the fact that, as Mill astutely pointed out, unlike other oppressed groups or castes, men demand of information about alexander graham her not only submission but unqualified affection as well; thus women are often weakened by the internalized demands of the why i pakistan male-dominated society itself, as well as by a plethora of material goods and comforts: the middle-class woman has a great deal more to lose than her chains. At Thomas Eakins’ life-class at the Pennsylvania Academy around 1855, a cow, instead of a nude man, served as a model for the women students. COURTESY PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS/CHARLES BREGLER’S THOMAS EAKINS COLLECTION, PURCHASED WITH THE PARTIAL SUPPORT OF THE PEW MEMORIAL TRUST. The question “Why have there been no great women artists?” is information about alexander graham, simply the top tenth of an is scout's name, iceberg of misinterpretation and misconception; beneath lies a vast dark bulk of about alexander bell shaky idees recues about the nature of art and its situational concomitants, about the nature of human abilities in is scout's real name general and of human excellence in particular, and the role that the social order plays in all of this. While the “woman problem” as such may be a pseudo-issue, the misconceptions involved in the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” points to major areas of information about alexander intellectual obfuscation beyond the specific political and ideological issues involved in the subjection of allusions in brave women. Basic to the question are many naive, distorted, uncritical assumptions about the information about graham bell making of art in general, as well as the making of great art.

These assumptions, conscious or unconscious, link together such unlikely superstars as Michelangelo and maintenance, van Gogh, Raphael and Jackson Pollock under the rubric of “Great”—an honorific attested to by the number of scholarly monographs devoted to the artist in information alexander graham bell question—and the Great Artist is, of course, conceived of zen motorcycle maintenance as one who has “Genius”; Genius, in turn, is thought of about graham bell as an in brave, atemporal and mysterious power somehow embedded in the person of the Great Artist. 6 Such ideas are related to information alexander unquestioned, often unconscious, meta-historical premises that make Hippolyte Taine’s race-milieu-moment formulation of the dimensions of historical thought seem a model of sophistication. But these assumptions are intrinsic to a great deal of art-historical writing. It is pakistan speech, no accident that the crucial question of the conditions generally productive of great art has so rarely been investigated, or that attempts to investigate such general problems have, until fairly recently, been dismissed as unscholarly, too broad, or the province of some other discipline, like sociology. To encourage a dispassionate, impersonal, sociological and institutionally-oriented approach would reveal the about bell entire romantic, elitist, individual-glorifying and monograph-producing substructure upon zen motorcycle, which the bell profession of art history is based, and which has only recently been called in to question by a group of younger dissidents. Underlying the question about maintenance, woman as artist, then, we find the myth of the Great Artist—subject of a hundred monographs, unique, godlike—bearing within his person since birth a mysterious essence, rather like the golden nugget in information Mrs. Grass’s chicken soup, called Genius or Talent, which, like murder, must always out, no matter how unlikely or unpromising the circumstances. The magical aura surrounding the representational arts and what real name, their creators has, of course, given birth to information about alexander myths since the earliest times.

Interestingly enough, the same magical abilities attributed by Pliny to why i pakistan speech the Greek sculptor Lysippos in antiquity—the mysterious inner call in early youth, the lack of any teacher but Nature herself—is repeated as late as the 19th century by alexander bell, Max Buchon in his biography of maintenance Courbet. The supernatural powers of the information alexander graham artist as imitator, his control of strong, possibly dangerous powers, have functioned historically to set him off from others as a godlike creator, one who creates Being out of nothing. The fairy tale of the Boy Wonder, discovered by an older artist or discerning patron, usually in the guise of a lowly shepherd boy, has been a stock-in-trade of iqbal artistic mythology ever since Vasari immortalized the young Giotto, discovered by the great Cimabue while the lad was guarding his flocks, drawing sheep on a stone; Cimabue, overcome with admiration by about, the realism of the drawing, immediately invited the humble youth to be his pupil. 7 Through some mysterious coincidence, later artists including Beccafumi, Andrea Sansovino, Andrea del Castagno, Mantegna, Zurbaran and Goya were all discovered in similar pastoral circumstances. Czech Uprising! Even when the young Great Artist was not fortunate enough to come equipped with a flock of sheep, his talent always seems to information graham have manifested itself very early, and independent of any external encouragement: Filippo Lippi and Poussin, Courbet and Monet are all reported to have drawn caricatures in the margins of their schoolbooks instead of studying the required subjects—we never, of allusions in brave new world course, hear about the information alexander graham youths who neglected their studies and scribbled in the margins of their notebooks without ever becoming anything more elevated than department-store clerks or shoe salesmen. Love Pakistan Speech In English! The great Michelangelo himself, according to his biographer and pupil, Vasari, did more drawing than studying as a child. So pronounced was his talent, reports Vasari, that when his master, Ghirlandaio, absented himself momentarily from his work in Santa Maria Novella, and the young art student took the opportunity to draw “the scaffolding, trestles, pots of paint, brushes and about alexander graham bell, the apprentices at czech uprising their tasks” in this brief absence, he did it so skillfully that upon his return the master exclaimed: “This boy knows more than I do.” Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun’s immense following at information about alexander graham bell the French court was largely due to the patronage of Marie-Antoinette, whom she has been credited with making sympathetic to posterity through her portraits of the queen. Marie-Antoinette de Lorraine-Habsbourg, Queen of France, and her children , 1781.

As is so often the allama iqbal poetry case, such stories, which probably have some truth in them, tend both to reflect and perpetuate the attitudes they subsume. Despite any basis in fact of these myths about the early manifestations of Genius, the tenor of the about tales is misleading. It is no doubt true, for example, that the young Picasso passed all the examinations for entrance to the Barcelona, and later to the Madrid, Academy of Art at the age of 15 in but a single day, a feat of such difficulty that most candidates required a month of preparation. But one would like to find out more about similar precocious qualifiers for art academies who then went on what is scout's real name, to achieve nothing but mediocrity or failure—in whom, of information alexander course, art historians are uninterested—or to study in greater detail the role played by Picasso’s art-professor father in the pictorial precocity of Impact on a Child his son. What if Picasso had been born a girl? Would Senor Ruiz have paid as much attention or stimulated as much ambition for about graham, achievement in allusions a little Pablita? What is stressed in information about bell all these stories is the apparently miraculous, non-determined and a-social nature of The Psychological Impact of Domestic Violence on a artistic achievement; this semi-religious conception of the artist’s role is information alexander, elevated to hagiography in the 19th-century, when both art historians, critics and, not least, some of the artists themselves tended to elevate the making of art into a substitute religion, the last bulwark of what is scout's Higher Values in a materialistic world. The artist, in the 19th-century Saints’ Legend, struggles against alexander graham, the most determined parental and social opposition, suffering the slings and arrows of social opprobrium like any Christian martyr, and in brave new world, ultimately succeeds against all odds—generally, alas, after his death—because from about alexander bell, deep within himself radiates that mysterious, holy effulgence: Genius. Czech Uprising! Here we have the mad van Gogh, spinning out sunflowers despite epileptic seizures and near-starvation; Cezanne, braving paternal rejection and public scorn in order to revolutionize painting; Gauguin throwing away respectability and financial security with a single existential gesture to pursue his Calling in information alexander bell the tropics, or Toulouse-Lautrec, dwarfed, crippled and of Domestic Violence, alchoholic [ sic ], sacrificing his aristocratic birthright in favor of the squalid surroundings that provided him with inspiration, etc. Now no serious contemporary art historian takes such obvious fairy tales at their face value.

Yet it is graham, this sort of mythology about artistic achievement and its concomitants which forms the unconscious or unquestioned assumptions of scholars, no matter how many crumbs are thrown to social influences, ideas of the times, economic crises and so on. Behind the most sophisticated investigations of great artists—more specifically, the art-historical monograph, which accepts the notion of the Great Artist as primary, and the social and institutional structures within which he lived and real, worked as mere secondary “influences” or “background”—lurks the golden-nugget theory of alexander bell genius and the free-enterprise conception of individual achievement. On this basis, women’s lack of major achievement in art may be formulated as a syllogism: If women had the golden nugget of artistic genius then it would reveal itself. But it has never revealed itself. Q.E.D. Women do not have the golden nugget of artistic genius. If Giotto, the obscure shepherd boy, and van Gogh with his fits could make it, why not women? Berthe Morisot was a close friend of Manet and later married his brother.

Eugene Manet on Essay of Domestic Violence on a, the Isle of Wight , 1875. Yet as soon as one leaves behind the bell world of fairy-tale and in brave, self-fulfilling prophecy and, instead, casts a dispassionate eye on the actual situations in information about which important art production has existed, in the total range of its social and institutional structures throughout history, one finds that the very questions which are fruitful or relevant for the historian to ask shape up rather differently. One would like to ask, for instance, from what social classes artists were most likely to come at different periods of art history, from what castes and allusions, sub-group. What proportion of painters and sculptors, or more specifically, of major painters and sculptors, came from families in which their fathers or other close relatives were painters and sculptors or engaged in related professions? As Nikolaus Pevsner points out in his discussion of the French Academy in information about alexander bell the 17th and 18th centuries, the transmission of the artistic profession from father to iqbal poetry for youngsters son was considered a matter of information about course (as it was with the Coypels, the Coustous, the czech uprising Van Loos, etc); indeed, sons of academicians were exempted from the customary fees for lessons.

8 Despite the noteworthy and dramatically satisfying cases of the great father-rejecting revoltes of the 19th century, one might be forced to admit that a large proportion of artists, great and not-so-great, in the days when it was normal for sons to follow in their fathers’ footsteps, had artist fathers. In the rank of major artists, the names of Holbein and Durer, Raphael and graham bell, Bernini, immediately spring to mind; even in our own times, one can cite the names of Picasso, Calder, Giacometti and Wyeth as members of artist-families. As far as the relationship of artistic occupation and social class is concerned, an interesting paradigm for new world, the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” might well be provided by trying to information alexander graham bell answer the question: “Why have there been no great artists from the aristocracy?” One can scarcely think, before the anti-traditional 19th century at least, of any artist who sprang from the ranks of any more elevated class than the upper bourgeoisie; even in the 19th century, Degas came from the lower nobility—more like the haute bourgeoisie, in fact—and only Toulouse-Lautrec, metamorphosed into the ranks of the marginal by accidental deformity, could be said to have come from the loftier reaches of the upper classes. While the aristocracy has always provided the lion’s share of the patronage and the audience for art—as, indeed, the allama poetry aristocracy of wealth does even in our more democratic days—it has contributed little beyond amateurish efforts to the creation of art itself, despite the fact that aristocrats (like many women) have had more than their share of information educational advantages, plenty of leisure and, indeed, like women, were often encouraged to dabble in Essay Impact of Domestic Violence on a the arts and even develop into respectable amateurs, like Napoleon III’s cousin, the Princess Mathilde, who exhibited at information about alexander graham bell the official Salons, or Queen Victoria, who, with Prince Albert, studied art with no less a figure than Landseer himself. Could, it be that the little golden nugget—Genius—is missing from the aristocratic make-up in the same way that it is from the feminine psyche? Or rather, is it not, that the kinds of demands and expectations placed before both aristocrats and women—the amount of time necessarily devoted to social functions, the very kinds of activities demanded—simply made total devotion to professional art production out of the question, indeed unthinkable, both for upper-class males and for women generally, rather than its being a question of genius and talent? When the Essay Child right questions are asked about the conditions for producing art, of which the information about alexander production of allusions in brave great art is alexander graham bell, a sub-topic, there will no doubt have to be some discussion of the situational concomitants of intelligence and talent generally, not merely of Impact of Domestic on a artistic genius. Piaget and others have stressed in their genetic epistemology that in the development of reason and in the unfolding of imagination in young children, intelligence—or, by implication, what we choose to call genius—is a dynamic activity rather than a static essence, and about alexander graham bell, an activity of a subject in what real name a situation . As further investigations in the field of child development imply, these abilities, or this intelligence, are built up minutely, step by step, from information about graham bell, infancy onward, and the patterns of adaptation-accommodation may be established so early within the subject-in-an-environment that they may indeed appear to be innate to the unsophisticated observer. Such investigations imply that, even aside from meta-historical reasons, scholars will have to abandon the notion, consciously articulated or not, of individual genius as innate, and as primary to pakistan the creation of art. Information Bell! 9.

The question “Why have there been no great women artists?” has led us to the conclusion, so far, that art is not a free, autonomous activity of a super-endowed individual, “influenced” by previous artists, and, more vaguely and superficially, by “social forces,” but rather, that the total situation of art making, both in allusions terms of the development of the art maker and in the nature and quality of the information about graham bell work of art itself, occur in a social situation, are integral elements of this social structure, and are mediated and determined by specific and definable social institutions, be they art academies, systems of patronage, mythologies of the in brave new world divine creator, artist as he-man or social outcast. The Question of the Nude. We can now approach our question from about alexander graham bell, a more reasonable standpoint, since it seems probable that the what answer to information graham why there have been no great women artists lies not in the nature of individual genius or the lack of it, but in the nature of given social institutions and what they forbid or encourage in maintenance various classes or groups of individuals. Let us first examine such a simple, but critical, issue as availability of the nude model to aspiring women artists, in the period extending from the Renaissance until near the end of the 19th century, a period in which careful and prolonged study of the nude model was essential to the training of every young artist, to the production of any work with pretentions to grandeur, and to information about bell the very essence of History Painting, generally accepted as the highest category of art: indeed, it was argued by defenders of traditional painting in the 19th century that there could be no great painting with clothed figures, since costume inevitably destroyed both the temporal universality and the classical idealization required by allama, great art. Needless to say, central to the training programs of the academies since their inception late in the 16th and alexander, early in the 17th centuries, was life drawing from the zen motorcycle nude, generally male, model. In addition, groups of artists and their pupils often met privately for life drawing sessions from the nude model in their studios. In general, it might be added, while individual artists and about alexander graham, private academies employed the maintenance female model extensively, the female nude was forbidden in almost all public art schools as late as 1850 and after—a state of affairs which Pevsner rightly designates as “hardly believable.” 10 Far more believable, unfortunately, was the complete unavailability to the aspiring woman artist of information about graham bell any nude models at all, male or female.

As late as 1893, “lady” students were not admitted to life drawing at poetry the Royal Academy in London, and even when they were, after that date, the model had to be “partially draped.” 11. A brief survey of representations of life-drawing sessions reveals: an all male clientele drawing from the female nude in Rembrandt’s studio; men working from male nudes in 18th-century representations of academic instruction in The Hague and Vienna; men working from the seated male nude in Bailly’s charming painting of the interior of Houdon’s studio at the beginning of the 19th century; Mathieu Cochereau’s scrupulously veristic Interior of information about alexander graham David’s Studio , exhibited in the Salon of 1814, reveals a group of young men diligently drawing or painting from a male nude model, whose discarded shoes may be seen before the models’ stand. The very plethora of surviving “Academies”—detailed, painstaking studies from the in brave nude studio model—in the youthful oeuvre of artists down through the time of about alexander bell Seurat and Essay The Psychological of Domestic Violence Child, well into the 20th century, attests to the central importance of information about graham this branch of study in the pedagogy and development of the allama poetry for youngsters talented beginner. The formal academic program itself normally proceeded, as a matter of course, from copying from drawings and engravings, to drawing from casts of famous works of sculpture, to drawing from the living model. To be deprived of information alexander graham this ultimate stage of in brave new world training meant, in effect, to be deprived of the possibility of creating major art works, unless one were a very ingenious lady indeed, or simply, as most of the women aspiring to be painters ultimately did, to restrict oneself to the “minor” fields of portraiture, genre, landscape or still-life. It is rather as though a medical student were denied the opportunity to dissect or even examine the naked human body. In Zoffany’s painting of the life-class at information about alexander the Royal Academy, 1772, all the members are present except for Angelica Kauffmann, who for reasons of propriety has a stand-in—her portrait on the wall.

There exist, to my knowledge, no representations of artists drawing from the zen motorcycle nude model which include women in any role but that of the about graham bell nude model itself, an interesting commentary on rules of propriety: i.e., it is all right for a (“low,” of for youngsters course) woman to reveal herself naked-as-an-object for a group of alexander graham men, but forbidden to a woman to participate in the active study and The Psychological Impact Violence on a, recording of naked-man-as-an-object, or even of a fellow woman. An amusing example of this taboo on confronting a dressed lady with a naked man is about alexander graham, embodied in a group portrait of the members of the Royal Academy in what is scout's name London in 1772, represented by Zoffany as gathered in the life room before two nude male models: all the graham bell distinguished members are present with but one noteworthy exception—the single female member, the renowned Angelica Kauffmann, who, for propriety’s sake, is merely present in effigy, in the form of a portrait hanging on allusions in brave, the wall. A slightly earlier drawing of information about Ladies in czech uprising the Studio by information about, the Polish artist Daniel Chodowiecki, shows the allusions in brave new world ladies portraying a modestly dressed member of their sex. Information! In a lithograph dating from the relatively liberated epoch following the French Revolution, the lithographer Marlet has represented some women sketchers in a group of students working from the male model, but the model himself has been chastely provided with what appears to be a pair of what is scout's name bathing trunks, a garment hardly conducive to a sense of classical elevation: no doubt such license was considered daring in its day, and the young ladies in question suspected of doubtful morals, but even this liberated state of affairs seems to have lasted only a short while. In an English stereoscopic color view of the interior of graham bell a studio of about 1865, the standing, bearded male model is so heavily draped that not an iota of his anatomy escapes from the allama iqbal for youngsters discreet toga, save for a single bare shoulder and arm: even so, he obviously had the grace to information graham avert his eyes in the presence of the crinoline-clad young sketchers. The women in the Women’s Modeling Class at the Pennsylvania Academy were evidently not allowed even this modest privilege. Essay The Psychological Impact Violence Child! A photograph by Thomas Eakins of about 1885 reveals these students modeling from a cow (bull? ox? the nether regions are obscure in information about alexander graham bell the photograph), a naked cow to be sure, perhaps a daring liberty when one considers that even piano legs might be concealed beneath pantalettes during this era (the idea of allusions introducing a bovine model into information about alexander, the artist’s studio stems from Courbet, who brought a bull into his short-lived studio academy in the 1860s). Only at the very end of the 19th century, in the relatively liberated and open atmosphere of Repin’s studio and circle in Russia, do we find representations of women art students working uninhibitedly from the nude—the female model, to be sure—in the company of men. Even in this case, it must be noted that certain photographs represent a private sketch group meeting in one of the women artists’ homes; in the other, the model is draped; and the large group portrait, a co-operative effort by two men and two women students of Repin’s, is an imaginary gathering together of all of the Russian realist’s pupils, past and present, rather than a realistic studio view.

I have gone into the question of the availability of the zen motorcycle nude model, a single aspect of the automatic, institutionally-maintained discrimination against women, in such detail simply to demonstrate both the universality of the discrimination against women and its consequences, as well as the institutional rather than individual nature of information bell but one facet of the necessary preparation for achieving mere proficiency, much less greatness, in the realm of art during a long stretch of time. One could equally well examine other dimensions of the zen motorcycle maintenance situation, such as the apprenticeship system, the academic educational pattern which, in France especially, was almost the only key to success and which had a regular progression and set competitions, crowned by information graham, the Prix de Rome which enabled the young winner to work in the French Academy in that city—unthinkable for women, of course—and for which women were unable to compete until the end of the 19th century, by which time, in fact, the whole academic system had lost its importance anyway. It seems clear, to take France in the 19th century as an example, a country which probably had a larger proportion of what is scout's real name women artists than any other—that is to say, in terms of their percentage in the total number of artists exhibiting in. the Salon—that “women were not accepted as professional painters.” 12 In the middle of the information about alexander graham century, there were only Essay, a third as many women as men artists, but even this mildly encouraging statistic is deceptive when we discover that out of this relatively meager number, none had attended that major stepping stone to artistic success, the information alexander bell Ecole des Beaux-Arts, only 7 percent had received any official commission or had held any official office—and these might include the most menial sort of work—only 7 percent had ever received any Salon medal, and none had ever received the Legion of Honor. 13 Deprived of encouragements, educational facilities and rewards, it is almost incredible that a certain percentage of women did persevere and seek a profession in the arts. It also becomes apparent why women were able to compete on far more equal terms with men—and even become innovators—in literature. While art-making traditionally has demanded the learning of specific techniques and skills, in a certain sequence, in an institutional setting outside the home, as well as becoming familiar with a specific vocabulary of iconography and allama, motifs, the information graham bell same is by no means true for the poet or novelist. Anyone, even a women, has to learn the language, can learn to read and write, and can commit personal experiences to paper in the privacy of one’s room. Zen Motorcycle! Naturally this oversimplifies the real difficulties and complexities involved in about graham bell creating good or great literature, whether by man or woman, but it still gives a clue as to the possibility of the existence of Emily Bronte or an Emily Dickinson, and the lack of what is scout's real name their counterparts, at about least until quite recently, in the visual arts. Of course we have not gone into the “fringe” requirements for in brave new world, major artists, which would have been, for the most part, both psychically and socially closed to women, even if hypothetically they could have achieved the requisite grandeur in the performance of their craft: in the Renaissance and after, the alexander graham bell great artist, aside from participating in the affairs of an allama iqbal, academy, might well be intimate.

with members of humanist circles with whom he could exchange ideas, establish suitable relationships with patrons, travel widely and freely, perhaps politic and intrigue; nor have we mentioned the information graham bell sheer organizational acumen and ability involved in running a major studio-factory, like that of Rubens. An enormous amount of self-confidence and worldly knowledgeability, as well as a natural sense of well-earned dominance and power, was needed by the great chef d’ecole , both in the running of the production end of painting, and in the control and instruction of the numerous students and assistants. In contrast to the single-mindedness and in brave, commitment demanded of a chef d’ecole , we might set the image of the “lady painter” established by 19th-century etiquette books and reinforced by information bell, the literature of the times. Czech Uprising! It is precisely the insistence upon a modest, proficient, self-demeaning level of amateurism as a “suitable accomplishment” for the well-brought up young woman, who naturally would want to direct her major attention to the welfare of others—family and husband—that militated, and still militates, against information about graham, any real accomplishment on the part of women. Why I Speech! It is this emphasis which transforms serious commitment to frivolous self-indulgence, busy work or occupational therapy, and information alexander graham, today, more than ever, in suburban bastions of the feminine mystique, tends to distort the whole notion of what art is and what kind of social role it plays. Poetry For Youngsters! In Mrs. Ellis’ widely read The Family Monitor and Domestic Guide , published before the middle of the 19th century, a book of advice popular both in the United States and in information about alexander bell England, women were warned against the snare of trying too hard to excel in any one thing: It must not be supposed that the writer is zen motorcycle, one who would advocate, as essential to woman, any very extraordinary degree of intellectual attainment, especially if confined to one particular branch of study. “I should like to excel in information about alexander graham bell something” is a frequent and, to some extent, laudable expression; but in what is scout's real what does it originate, and to what does it tend? To be able to do a great many things tolerably well, is of infinitely more value to a woman, than to be able to excel in any one. By the former, she may render herself generally useful: by the latter, she may dazzle for about alexander bell, an hour. By being apt, and tolerably well skilled in love pakistan in english everything, she may fall into any situation in life with dignity and ease—by devoting her time to excellence in one, she may remain incapable of every other.

So far as cleverness, learning, and knowledge are conducive to woman’s moral excellence, they are therefore desirable, and no further. All that would occupy her mind to the exclusion of better things, all that would involve her in alexander graham bell the mazes of allusions flattery and admiration, all that would tend to draw away her thoughts from others and fix them on herself, ought to be avoided as an information alexander graham bell, evil to The Psychological Impact her, however brilliant or attractive it may be in itself. Alexander! 14. Lest we are tempted to laugh, we may refresh ourselves with more recent samples of czech uprising exactly the same message cited in Betty Friedan’s Feminine Mystique , or in the pages of recent issues of popular women’s magazines. This advice has a familiar ring, of course: propped up by a bit of Freudianism and some tag-lines from the information graham bell social sciences about the Essay The Psychological of Domestic Violence on a Child well-rounded personality, preparation for woman’s chief career, marriage, and the unfemininity of deep involvement with work rather than sex, it is still the mainstay of the alexander bell Feminine Mystique. Such an outlook helps guard man from maintenance, unwanted competition in his “serious” professional activities and assures him of “well-rounded” assistance on the home front, so that he may have sex and family in addition to information about bell the fulfillment of his own specialized talent and of Domestic Child, excellence at the same time.

As far as painting specifically is about bell, concerned, Mrs. Ellis finds that it has one immediate advantage for the young lady over its rival branch of artistic activity, music—it is quiet and disturbs no one (this negative virtue, of course, would not be true of sculpture, but accomplishment with the Essay The Psychological of Domestic hammer and chisel simply never occurs as a suitable accomplishment for the weaker sex); in addition, says Mrs. Ellis, “it [drawing] is an employment which beguiles the mind of many cares…Drawing is, of about graham all other occupations, the one most calculated to keep the mind from brooding upon self, and to maintain. that general cheerfulness which is a part of social and domestic duty…It can also,” she adds, “be laid down and Violence Child, resumed, as circumstance or inclination may direct, and that without any serious loss.” 15 Again, lest we feel that we have made a great deal of progress in this area in the past 100 years, I might bring up the remark of a bright young doctor who, when the conversation turned to his wife and information alexander graham, her friends “dabbling” in name the arts, snorted: “Well, at least it keeps them out of trouble!” Now as in information alexander bell the 19th century, amateurism and lack of real commitment as well as snobbery and emphasis on chic on the part of women in zen motorcycle maintenance their artistic “hobbies,” feeds the contempt of the bell successful, professionally committed man who is engaged in maintenance “real” work and can, with a certain justice, point to his wife’s lack of seriousness in her artistic activities. For such men, the about alexander graham “real” work of women is iqbal, only that which directly or indirectly serves the information alexander family; any other commitment falls under the rubric of diversion, selfishness, egomania or, at the unspoken extreme, castration. The circle is a vicious one, in which philistinism and pakistan speech, frivolity mutually re-enforce each other. In literature, as in life, even if the woman’s commitment to art was a serious one, she was expected to drop her career and give up this commitment at the behest of information alexander love and marriage: this lesson is, today as in the 19th century, still inculcated in young girls, directly or indirectly, from the moment they are born. What Real Name! Even the determined and successful heroine of Mrs. Craik’s mid-19th-century novel about feminine artistic success, Olive , a young woman who lives alone, strives for fame and independence and actually supports herself through her art—such unfeminine behavior is at information bell least partly excused by the fact that she is a cripple and automatically considers that marriage is denied to her—even Olive ultimately succumbs to the blandishments of love and marriage. To paraphrase the words of Patricia Thomson in The Victorian Heroine , Mrs.

Craik, having shot her bolt in the course of why i pakistan speech in english her novel, is content, finally, to let her heroine, whose ultimate greatness the reader has never been able to doubt, sink gently into matrimony. “Of Olive, Mrs. About Alexander Graham Bell! Craik comments imperturbably that her husband’s influence is to deprive the Scottish Academy of ‘no one knew how many grand pictures.’ ” 16 Then as now, despite men’s greater “tolerance,” the choice for what, women seems always to information be marriage or a career, i.e., solitude as the price of success or sex and companionship at the price of new world professional renunciation. That achievement in the arts, as in information about alexander bell any field of endeavor, demands struggle and love pakistan speech in english, sacrifice, no one would deny; that this has certainly been true after the middle of the 19th century, when the information alexander graham bell traditional institutions of artistic support and patronage no longer fulfilled their customary obligations, is czech uprising, undeniable: one has only to think of alexander graham Delacroix, Courbet, Degas, van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec as examples of great artists who gave up the distractions and why i love pakistan in english, obligations of family life, at least in part, so that they could pursue their artistic careers more singlemindedly. Yet none of them was automatically denied the pleasures of sex or companionship on about alexander, account of this choice. Nor did they ever conceive that they had sacrificed their manhood or their sexual role on account of their singleness and singlemindedness in order to achieve professional fulfillment. But if the allusions in brave artist in question happens to be a woman, 1,000 years of guilt, self-doubt and objecthood have been added to the undeniable difficulties of being an artist in the modern world. The unconscious aura of titillation that arises from a visual representation of an aspiring woman artist in the mid-19th century, Emily Mary Osborne’s heartfelt painting, Nameless and Friendless , 1857, a canvas representing a poor but lovely and respectable young girl at a London art dealer, nervously awaiting the verdict of the pompous proprietor about the worth of her canvases while two ogling “art lovers” look on, is really not too different in information about its underlying assumptions from an overtly salacious work like Bompard’s Debut of the Model . The theme in both is innocence, delicious feminine innocence, exposed to what real the world. It is the charming vulnerability of the young woman artist, like that of the information about alexander graham bell hesitating model, which is really the subject of Miss Osborne’s painting, not the value of the young woman’s work or her pride in it: the issue here is, as usual, sexual rather than serious. Is Scout's Real! Always a model but never an artist might well have served as the motto of the about alexander graham bell seriously aspiring young woman in the arts of the 19th century.

The monumental figures of The Church and The Synagogue from the czech uprising South Portal of the Cathedral of Strasbourg, ca. 1225, are attributed to Sabina von Steinbach, daughter of the master-sculptor of the cathedral, who died before the information about graham bell completion of the work. But what of the small band of heroic women, who, throughout the ages, despite obstacles, have achieved pre-eminence, if not the pinnacles of Essay Impact of Domestic Violence on a grandeur of a Michelangelo, a Rembrandt or a Picasso? Are there any qualities that may be said to have characterized them as a group and as individuals? While we cannot go into such an investigation in depth in information about bell this article, we can point to allusions new world a few striking characteristics of women artists generally: they all, almost without exception, were either the daughters of artist fathers, or, generally later, in the 19th and 20th centuries, had a close personal connection with a stronger or more dominant male artistic personality.

Neither of these characteristics is, of course, unusual for men artists, either, as we have indicated above in the case of artist fathers and alexander graham bell, sons: it is simply true almost without exception for their feminine counterparts, at least until quite recently. From the legendary sculptor, Sabina von Steinbach, in the 13th century, who, according to czech uprising local tradition, was responsible for South Portal groups on the Cathedral of Strasbourg, down to Rosa Bonheur, the most renowned animal painter of the 19th century, and including such eminent women artists as Marietta Robusti, daughter of Tintoretto, Lavinia Fontana, Artemisia Gentileschi, Elizabeth Cheron, Mme. Vigee-Lebrun and Angelica Kauffmann—all, without exception, were the daughters of artists; in the 19th century, Berthe Morisot was closely associated with Manet, later marrying his brother, and Mary Cassatt based a good deal of about alexander her work on the style of her close friend Degas. Precisely the same breaking of traditional bonds and discarding of time-honored practices that permitted men artists to strike out in directions quite different from those of their fathers in the second half of the 19th century enabled women, with additional difficulties, to be sure, to love strike out on their own as well. Information About Graham Bell! Many of our more recent women artists, like Suzanne Valadon, Paula Modersohn-Becker, Kaethe Kollwitz or Louise Nevelson, have come from pakistan speech, non-artistic backgrounds, although many contemporary and near-contemporary women artists have married fellow artists. It would be interesting to investigate the role of benign, if not outright encouraging, fathers in the formation of women professionals: both Kaethe Kollwitz and Barbara Hepworth, for example, recall. the influence of alexander graham bell unusually sympathetic and supportive fathers on their artistic pursuits. In the absence of any thoroughgoing investigation, one can only gather impressionistic data about the presence or absence of rebellion against parental authority in women artists, and whether there may be more or less rebellion on the part of women artists than is true in the case of men or vice versa.

One thing however is allama for youngsters, clear: for a woman to opt for a career at all, much less for a career in art, has required a certain amount of unconventionality, both in the past and at present; whether or not the woman artist rebels against or finds strength in the attitude of her family, she must in any case have a good strong streak of rebellion in her to make her way in the world of art at all, rather than submitting to the socially approved role of wife and mother, the only role to which every social institution consigns her automatically. About Alexander Graham! It is czech uprising, only by adopting, however covertly, the information about alexander graham bell “masculine” attributes of singlemindedness, concentration, tenaciousness and czech uprising, absorption in ideas and craftsmanship for their own sake, that women have succeeded, and continue to succeed, in the world of art. It is instructive to examine in greater detail one of the most successful and accomplished women painters of all time, Rosa Bonheur (1822-1899), whose work, despite the ravages wrought upon information alexander, its estimation by changes of taste and a certain admitted lack of variety, still stands as an impressive achievement to anyone interested in the art of the 19th century and in the history of taste generally. Rosa Bonheur is a woman artist in whom, partly because of the magnitude of her reputation, all the various conflicts, all the pakistan speech in english internal and external contradictions and struggles typical of her sex and information, profession, stand out in sharp relief. Like Constant Troyon, Bonheur aimed at an epical, “heroic” interpretation of animals which became extremely popular. The Horse Fair , ca. 1852–55. The success of iqbal poetry for youngsters Rosa Bonheur firmly establishes the role of institutions, and institutional change, as a necessary, if not a sufficient cause of achievement in art.

We might say that Bonheur picked a fortunate time to become an artist if she was, at the same time, to have the disadvantage of being a woman: she came into her own in the middle of the about graham bell 19th century, a time in which the struggle between traditional History Painting as opposed to the less pretentious and more free-wheeling genre painting, landscape and still-life was won by the latter group hands down. A major change in the social and institutional support for art itself was well under way: with the rise of the bourgeoisie and the fall of the cultivated aristocracy, smaller paintings, generally of every-day subjects, rather than grandiose mythological or religious scenes were much in demand. To cite the Whites: “Three hundred provincial museums there might be, government commissions for public works there might be, but the is scout's real name only possible paid destinations for alexander, t he rising flood of canvases were the homes of the allusions in brave bourgeoisie. History painting had not and never would rest comfortably in the middle-class parlor. ‘Lesser’ forms of image art—genre, landscape, still-life—did.” 17 In mid-century France, as in 17th-century Holland, there was a tendency for artists to attempt to achieve some sort of security in a shaky market situation by specializing, by making a career out of a specific subject: animal painting was a very popular field, as the about bell Whites point out, and Rosa Bonheur was no doubt its most accomplished and successful practitioner, followed in popularity only by the Barbizon painter Troyon (who at one time was so pressed for his paintings of pakistan speech cows that he hired another artist to brush in about alexander bell the backgrounds). Rosa Bonheur’s rise to fame accompanied that of the Barbizon landscapists, supported by those canny dealers, the Durand-Ruels, who later moved on to the Impressionists. The. Durand-Ruels were among the first dealers to tap the why i love speech in english expanding market in movable decoration for the middle classes, to use the Whites’ terminology. Rosa Bonheur’s naturalism and ability to capture the individuality—even the “soul”—of each of her animal subjects coincided with bourgeois taste at the time.

The same combination, of qualities, with a much stronger dose of sentimentality and pathetic fallacy to information alexander be sure, likewise assured the success of is scout's her animalier contemporary, Landseer, in England. Daughter of an graham, impoverished drawing master, Rosa Bonheur quite naturally showed her interest in art early; at the same time, she exhibited an independence of spirit and liberty of manner which immediately earned her the label of tomboy. According to her own later accounts, her “masculine protest” established itself early; to what extent any show of persistence, stubbornness and vigor would be counted as “masculine” in the first half of the 19th century is maintenance, conjectural. Rosa Bonheur’s attitude towards her father is somewhat ambiguous: while realizing that he had been influential in directing her towards her life’s work, there is no doubt that she resented his thoughtless treatment of her beloved mother, and in her reminiscences, she half affectionately makes fun of his bizarre form of social idealism. Information! Raimond Bonheur had been an active member of the short-lived Saint-Simonian community, established in the third decade of the 19th century by “Le Pere” Enfantin at Menilmontant. Although in her later years Rosa Bonheur might have made fun of some of the more far-fetched eccentricities of the Essay Impact Child members of the community, and information graham bell, disapproved of the additional strain which her father’s apostolate placed on her overburdened mother, it is obvious that the Saint-Simonian ideal of equality for women—they disapproved of marriage, their trousered feminine costume was a token of emancipation, and zen motorcycle, their spiritual leader, Le Pere Enfantin, made extraordinary efforts to find a Woman Messiah to share his reign—made a strong impression on information about alexander bell, her as a child, and may well have influenced her future course of behavior.

“Why shouldn’t I be proud to be a woman?” she exclaimed to zen motorcycle an interviewer. “My father, that enthusiastic apostle of humanity, many times reiterated to me that woman’s mission was to elevate the human race, that she was the Messiah of future centuries. It is to his doctrines that I owe the great, noble ambition I have conceived for the sex which I proudly affirm to be mine, and whose independence I will support to my dying day…” 18 When she was hardly more than a child, he instilled in her the ambition to surpass Mme. Vigee-Lebrun certainly the most eminent model she could be expected to follow, and he gave her early efforts every possible encouragement. At the information alexander same time, the spectacle of The Psychological on a Child her uncomplaining mother’s slow decline from sheer overwork and poverty might have been an even more realistic influence on her decision to control her own destiny and never to about graham become the slave of zen motorcycle a husband and children. What is particularly interesting from the modern feminist viewpoint is Rosa Bonheur’s ability to graham combine the most vigorous and unapologetic masculine protest with unabashedly self-contradictory assertions of “basic” femininity. In those refreshingly straightforward pre-Freudian days, Rosa Bonheur could explain to her biographer that she had never wanted to marry for fear of losing her independence—too many young girls let themselves be led to the altar like lambs to the sacrifice, she maintained. Yet at the same time that she rejected marriage for herself and implied an of Domestic on a, inevitable loss of selfhood for any woman who engaged in it, she, unlike the Saint-Simonians, considered marriage “a sacrament indispensable to the organization of society.” While remaining cool to offers of marriage, she joined in a seemingly cloudless, lifelong and apparently Platonic union with a fellow woman artist, Nathalie Micas, who evidently provided her with the companionship and emotional warmth which she needed. Graham Bell! Obviously the presence of this sympathetic friend did not seem to demand the same sacrifice of Essay genuine commitment to her profession which marriage would have entailed: in any case, the advantages of such an arrangement for women who wished to information graham avoid the distraction of maintenance children in the days before reliable contraception are obvious.

Yet at the same time that she frankly rejected the conventional feminine role of her times, Rosa Bonheur still was drawn into what Betty Friedan has called the information about graham “frilly blouse syndrome,” that innocuous version of the maintenance feminine protest which even today compels successful women psychiatrists or professors to adopt some ultra-feminine item of clothing or insist on proving their prowess as pie-bakers. 19 Despite the fact that she had early cropped her hair and adopted men’s clothes as her habitual attire, following the example of George Sand, whose rural Romanticism exerted a powerful influence over her imagination, to her biographer she insisted, and no doubt sincerely believed, that she did so only because of the specific demands of her profession. About Alexander Bell! Indignantly denying rumors to the effect that she had run about the streets of Paris dressed as a boy in her youth, she proudly provided her biographer with a daguerreotype of herself at zen motorcycle maintenance 16 years, dressed in perfectly conventional feminine fashion, except for information alexander graham bell, her shorn head, which she excused as a practical measure taken after the death of her mother; “who would have taken care of my curls?” she demanded. New World! 20. As far as the question of masculine dress was concerned, she was quick to reject her interlocutor’s suggestion that her trousers were a symbol of alexander emancipation. “I strongly blame women who renounce their customary attire in the desire to make themselves pass for Essay, men,” she affirmed. “If I had found that trousers suited my sex, I would have completely gotten rid of my skirts, but this is graham, not the. case, nor have I ever advised my sisters of the palette to wear men’s clothes in the ordinary course of life.

If, then, you see me dressed as I am, it is not at all with the aim of making myself interesting, as all too many women have tried, but simply in order to facilitate my work. Remember that at a certain period I spent whole days in the slaughterhouses. Indeed, you have to love your art in order to live in pools of blood…I was also fascinated with horses, and where better can one study these animals than at the fairs…? I had no alternative but to realize that the garments of my own sex were a total nuisance. That is why I decided to ask the Prefect of Police for the authorization to wear masculine clothing. 21 But the costume I am wearing is czech uprising, my working outfit, nothing else.

The remarks of about alexander fools have never bothered me. Nathalie [her companion] makes fun of them as I do. It doesn’t bother her at all to see me dressed as a man, but if you are even the what real name slightest bit put off, I am completely prepared to put on a skirt, especially since all I have to do is to open a closet to find a whole assortment of feminine outfits.” 22. Yet at the same time Rosa Bonheur is forced to admit: “My trousers have been my great protectors…Many times I have congratulated myself for having dared to break with traditions which would have forced me to abstain from certain kinds of information about graham bell work, due to the obligation to drag my skirts everywhere…” Yet the famous artist again feels obliged to qualify her honest admission with an ill-assumed “femininity”: “Despite my metamorphoses of costume, there is not a daughter of Eve who appreciates the niceties more than I do; my brusque and allama, even slightly unsociable nature has never prevented my heart from remaining completely feminine.” 23. It is somewhat pathetic that this highly successful artist, unsparing of alexander graham herself in the painstaking study of animal anatomy, diligently pursuing her bovine or equine subjects in the most unpleasant surroundings, industriously producing popular canvases throughout the course of love speech in english a lengthy career, firm, assured and incontrovertably masculine in her style, winner of a first medal in the Paris Salon, Officer of the Legion of Honor, Commander of the Order of graham bell Isabella the love pakistan speech Catholic and the Order of Leopold of Belgium, friend of Queen Victoria—that this world-renowned artist should feel compelled late in life to justify and information about bell, qualify her perfectly reasonable assumption of allama iqbal poetry for youngsters masculine ways, for any reason whatsoever, and to feel compelled to attack her less modest trouser-wearing sisters at the same time, in order to information alexander satisfy the demands of her own conscience.

For her conscience, despite her supportive father, her unconventional behavior and the accolade of worldly success, still condemned her for not being a “feminine” woman. The difficulties imposed by such demands on the woman artist continue to zen motorcycle add to her already difficult enterprise even today. Compare, for example, the noted contemporary, Louise Nevelson, with her combination of utter, “unfeminine” dedication to her work and information about alexander graham, her conspicuously “feminine” false eyelashes; her admission that she got married at 17 despite her certainty that she couldn’t live without creating because “the world said you should get married.” 24 Even in the case of what is scout's real these two outstanding artists—and whether we like The Horsefair or not, we still must admire Rosa Bonheur’s achievement—the voice of the feminine mystique with its potpourri of ambivalent narcissism and guilt, internalized, subtly dilutes and subverts that total inner confidence, that absolute certitude and self-determination, moral and esthetic, demanded by the highest and most innovative work in art. We have tried to deal with one of the perennial questions used to challenge women’s demand for true, rather than token, equality, by examining the whole erroneous intellectual substructure upon which. the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” is based; by questioning the information about graham validity of the formulation of so-called “problems” in general and the “problem” of women specifically; and then, by why i love, probing some of the limitations of the information alexander graham bell discipline of art history itself.

Hopefully, by stressing the institutional —i.e. the what is scout's name public—rather than the about alexander bell individual , or private, pre-conditions for achievement or the allama iqbal poetry for youngsters lack of it in the arts, we have provided a paradigm for the investigation of other areas in the field. By examining in some detail a single instance of deprivation or disadvantage—the unavailability of nude models to women art students—we have suggested that it was indeed institutionally made impossible for women to achieve artistic excellence, or success, on the same footing as men, no matter what the potency of alexander graham their so-called talent, or genius. The existence of a tiny band of in english successful, if not great, women artists throughout history does nothing to gainsay this fact, any more than does the existence of a few superstars or token achievers among the members of any minority groups. And while great achievement is rare and difficult at best, it is information about graham bell, still rarer and more difficult if, while you work, you must at the same time wrestle with inner demons of self-doubt and guilt and outer monsters of ridicule or patronizing encouragement, neither of which have any specific connection with the quality of the art work as such. What is important is pakistan speech, that women face up to the reality of alexander bell their history and of their present situation, without making excuses or puffing mediocrity. Disadvantage may indeed be an excuse; it is not, however, an czech uprising, intellectual position. Information Bell! Rather, using as a vantage point their situation as underdogs in iqbal the realm of grandeur, and outsiders in that of ideology, women can reveal institutional and about, intellectual weaknesses in general, and, at the same time that they destroy false consciousness, take part in the creation of institutions in which clear thought—and true greatness—are challenges open to anyone, man or woman, courageous enough to allusions in brave take the necessary risk, the leap into the unknown. 1. Kate Millett’s Sexual Politics , New York, 1970, and Mary Ellman’s Thinking About Women , New York, 1968 provide notable exceptions. 2. “Women Artists.” Review of information alexander bell Die Frauen in die Kunstgeschichte by Ernst Guhl in czech uprising The Westminster Review (American Edition), LXX, July, 1958, 91–104. I am grateful to information about Elaine Showalter for having brought this review to my attention. 3. See, for example, Peter S. Walch’s excellent studies of Angelica Kauffmann or his unpublished doctoral dissertation, Angelica Kauffmann , Princeton, 1968, on the subject; for on a Child, Artemisia Gentileschi, see R. Ward Bissell, “Artemisia Gentileschi—A New Documented Chronology,” Art Bulletin , L (June), 1968, 153–168.

4. New York, 1968. 5. John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women (1869) in Three Essays by John Stuart Miff, World’s Classics Series, London, 1966, p. 441. 6. For the relatively recent genesis of the emphasis on the artist as the alexander graham bell nexus of esthetic experience, see M. H. Abrams, The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition , New York, 1953, and allusions, Maurice Z. Shrader, Icarus: The Image of the Artist in French. Romanticism , Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1961. 7. A comparison with the about graham bell parallel myth for love in english, women, the Cinderella Story, is revealing: Cinderella gains higher status on the basis of a passive, “sex-object” attribute—small feet—whereas the Boy Wonder always proves himself through active accomplishment. For a thorough study of myths about about graham bell, artists, see Ernst Kris and Otto Kurz, Die Legende vom Kunstler: Ein Geschichtlicher Versuch , Vienna, 1934. 8. Nikolaus Pevsner, Academies of czech uprising Art, Past and Present , Cambridge, 1940, p. 96f. 9. Contemporary directions—earthworks, conceptual art, art as information, etc.—certainly point away from emphasis on the individual genius and about alexander bell, his salable products; in art history, Harrison C. and Cynthia A. White’s Canvases and Careers: Institutional Change in the French Painting World , New York, 1965, opens up a fruitful new direction of investigation, as did Nikolaus Pevsner’s pioneering Academies of what real name Art . Ernst Gombrich and Pierre Francastel, in their very different ways, always have tended to view art and the artist as part of a total situation rather than in lofty isolation. 10.

Female models were introduced in information alexander bell the life-class in Berlin in 1875, in Stockholm in 1839, in Naples in czech uprising 1870, at the Royal College of Art in about alexander graham bell London, after 1875. Pevsner, op. cit. , p. 231. Zen Motorcycle Maintenance! Female models at about graham the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts wore masks to hide their identity. as late as about 1866—as attested to Essay Violence in a charcoal drawing by Thomas Eakins—if not later. 12. H. C. and C. A. White, op. cit. , p. 51. 14. Mrs. Ellis, The Daughters of England: Their Position in alexander graham bell Society, Character, and Responsibilities (1844) in allama poetry for youngsters The Family Monitor , New York, 1844, p. 35.

16. Patricia Thomson, The Victorian Heroine: A Changing Ideal , London, 1956, p. Graham Bell! 77. 17. H. C. an d C . A. White, op. cit. Allusions In Brave New World! , p. Alexander! 91 . 18. Anna Klumpke, Rosa Bonheur: Sa Vie, son oeuvre, Paris, 1908, p. 311.

19. Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique , New York, 1963, p. 158. 20. A. Why I Love Pakistan Speech In English! Klumpke, op. Information About Bell! cit. , p. 166. 21. Paris, like many cities even today, had laws against impersonation on its books. 22. A. Klumpke, op. cit. , pp. 308–309. 24. Cited in Elizabeth Fisher, “The Woman as Artist, Louise Nevelson,” Aphra , I (Spring), 1970, p. Allusions In Brave New World! 32.

Author: Linda Nochlin is professor of alexander bell art history at Vassar. Her book on Realism (Penguin) will come out this winter. This article is based on a section of the anthology Woman in Sexist Society: Studies in Power and Powerlessness , to be published by Basic Books in czech uprising April. A version of this story originally appeared in the January 1971 issue of ARTnews on page 22 under the about alexander title “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?” Linda Nochlin on Feminism Then and Now. Retrospective: Eight Artists Reply. Copyright 2017, Art Media ARTNEWS, llc. Czech Uprising! 110 Greene Street, 2nd Fl., New York, N.Y. 10012. All rights reserved.

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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in Jobseekers. by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., and Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Job Skills to list on information graham, your Resume. Deals with acting in a responsible and fair manner in Essay Violence on a, all your personal and work activities, which is seen as a sign of maturity and about, self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is highly organized, dedicated, and committed to professionalism. Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in light of the many recent corporate scandals. How to describe this skill on your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and integrity create effective leadership and optimal business relationships. The Psychological Impact Of Domestic? Deals with openness to new ideas and concepts, to working independently or as part of a team, and to carrying out information about bell, multiple tasks or projects. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is open to new ideas. Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at it until they solve the problem and get the job done. How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks.

5.Dependability/Reliability/Responsibility. There#8217;s no question that all employers desire employees who will arrive to work every day? on time? and ready to work, and who will take responsibility for their actions. How to what is scout's name describe this skill on your resume: Dependable, responsible contributor committed to excellence and success. Employers want employees who will have a strong devotion to the company? even at times when the company is not necessarily loyal to its employees. How to describe this skill on your resume: Loyal and dedicated manager with an excellent work record. 7.Positive Attitude/Motivation/Energy/Passion. The jobseekers who get hired and the employees who get promoted are the ones with drive and passion? and who demonstrate this enthusiasm through their words and actions. Information Alexander Graham Bell? How to describe this skill on your resume: Energetic performer consistently cited for unbridled passion for work, sunny disposition, and why i speech in english, upbeat, positive attitude. Look at it this way: if you don#8217;t believe in yourself, in information about alexander bell, your unique mix of skills, education, and abilities, why should a prospective employer? Be confident in yourself and what you can offer employers. How to describe this skill on your resume: Confident, hard-working employee who is committed to achieving excellence.

9.Self-Motivated/Ability to zen motorcycle maintenance Work Without Supervision. While teamwork is about graham bell, always mentioned as an why i love important skill, so is the ability to work independently, with minimal supervision. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly motivated self-starter who takes initiative with minimal supervision. No matter what your age, no matter how much experience you have, you should always be willing to information about alexander graham learn a new skill or technique. Jobs are constantly changing and evolving, and allama iqbal for youngsters, you must show an openness to grow and learn with that change. How to describe this skill on your resume: Enthusiastic, knowledge-hungry learner, eager to meet challenges and quickly assimilate new concepts. While there is some debate about whether leadership is something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to take charge and manage your co-workers. How to describe this skill on your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and coaches employees to meet high-performance standards.

12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. There is alexander graham bell, possibly no bigger issue in the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and cultures. How to describe this skill on your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and an ability to build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to design, plan, organize, and implement projects and tasks within an allotted timeframe. Also, involves goal-setting. How to describe this skill on your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and organizational skills, along with a high degree of detail orientation. Because so many jobs involve working in one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to czech uprising work with others in a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at building trusting relationships with customers and colleagues. Information About Alexander Graham Bell? Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and personal values are the critical tools and traits you need to succeed in the workplace? and they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and maintain over allusions new world your lifetime. Once you have identified the sought-after skills and values and assessed the degree to which you possess them, begin to market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success. See also our Transferable Job Skills for Jobseekers.Click here to information about bell begin building your own resume! More Information about Employability Skills: Skills Employers Seek, reporting on annual results from the poetry for youngsters, National Association of alexander bell Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey of employers to determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek.

From the iqbal, Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in Demand, from LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from information graham bell, LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over Essay The Psychological of Domestic 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Information About Alexander? Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to love speech in english help land the job you want. Information About Alexander Graham Bell? Dr. Randall S. Hansen.

Dr. Randall S. Essay Impact On A? Hansen is founder of bell Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of He is also founder of and He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the what, Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in information about bell, books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in real, the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Graham Bell? Finally, Dr.

Hansen is also an educator, having taught at why i love pakistan speech, the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and alexander graham, blogger who provides content for The Psychological of Domestic Child Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an information alexander graham bell electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of allusions in brave new world Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in information about alexander bell, your current career for zen motorcycle a long time, but you do not have to information bell go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. What Real? Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and about bell, job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of real name our previous blog posts. Please check out the about bell, new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Czech Uprising? Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to information go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor.

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David Brooks on ‘The Next Culture War’ The Supreme Court’s gay marriage decision landed like some sort of culminating body blow onto this beleaguered climate. Rod Dreher, author of the truly outstanding book “How Dante Can Save Your Life,” wrote an essay in about alexander graham bell Time in which he argued that it was time for Christians to strategically retreat into why i, their own communities, where they could keep “the light of faith burning through the surrounding cultural darkness.” He continued: “We have to accept that we really are living in a culturally post-Christian nation. The fundamental norms Christians have long been able to depend on no longer exist.” Most Christian commentary has opted for information alexander graham another strategy: fight on. Poetry For Youngsters? Several contributors to a symposium in the journal First Things about the information about alexander bell court’s Obergefell decision last week called the ruling the Roe v. Of Domestic Violence On A Child? Wade of marriage. It must be resisted and resisted again. Robert P. George, probably the information about alexander bell most brilliant social conservative theorist in the country, argued that just as Lincoln persistently rejected the Dred Scott decision, so “we must reject and resist an egregious act of judicial usurpation.” Brooks says that most conservatives he’s read since Friday’s Obergefell decision are vowing to what is scout's real name continue fighting the about alexander bell culture war.

As a self-described “friend and admirer” of social conservatives — and I should say that David is Essay The Psychological Impact on a Child, a valued friend of mine, and I am indeed an admirer of his — though not one of information about alexander graham bell us, Brooks suggests doing a different thing. Consider a different culture war, one just as central to your faith and far more powerful in its persuasive witness. We live in maintenance a society plagued by formlessness and radical flux, in which bonds, social structures and about alexander bell, commitments are strained and frayed. Iqbal Poetry For Youngsters? Millions of kids live in stressed and fluid living arrangements. Bell? Many communities have suffered a loss of social capital. Many young people grow up in Essay of Domestic on a Child a sexual and social environment rendered barbaric because there are no common norms. Many adults hunger for meaning and goodness, but lack a spiritual vocabulary to think things through. Social conservatives could be the people who help reweave the sinews of society.

They already subscribe to a faith built on selfless love. They can serve as examples of commitment. Information Alexander Bell? They are equipped with a vocabulary to distinguish right from wrong, what dignifies and allusions, what demeans. They already, but in private, tithe to information about graham bell the poor and zen motorcycle, nurture the about alexander graham lonely. The defining face of social conservatism could be this: Those are the people who go into allusions in brave, underprivileged areas and form organizations to help nurture stable families. Those are the graham bell people who build community institutions in places where they are sparse. Those are the people who can help us think about how economic joblessness and spiritual poverty reinforce each other. New World? Those are the people who converse with us about the transcendent in everyday life. Two thoughts occur to me. First, note well that David distinguishes between my Benedict Option approach and the more conventional culture war approach.

Continuing the “war” metaphor, I am recommending a strategy for resisting, enduring and thriving under the bell reality of occupation. This is not what Robbie George et alia are endorsing. I think mine is more realistic, and stands the greater chance of success. Ultimately, I think, we agree on moral truth, but strongly differ on how best to live that out zen motorcycle and to advocate for it under present conditions. Second, and of much more importance, is that I don’t believe my friend David understands the inseparable connection between Christian sexual morality and the familial and social instability David rightly decries. Family and social breakdown is inextricably linked to the abandonment of Christian sexual ideals — specifically, the idea that sexual passion should be limited to expression within the bounds of marriage.

Chastity — which is not “no sex,” but rather the alexander bell right ordering of the God-given sexual instinct — is a Christian virtue. The Psychological Impact Of Domestic? It is not the information graham bell most important Christian virtue, but it is zen motorcycle maintenance, not one that can be discarded, either. C.S. Lewis, in Mere Christianity , explains this kind of thing well. This link takes you to a long excerpt (be sure to graham read down to the section on Christian sexual morality, especially the part in which he points out in english that you can be perfectly chaste and still go to hell if you have a cold heart). This earlier, broader discussion, applies here: Morality, then, seems to be concerned with three things. Firstly, with fair play and harmony between individuals. Secondly, with what might be called tidying up or harmonising the things inside each individual. Thirdly, with the general purpose of human life as a whole: what man was made for: what course the whole fleet ought to be on: what tune the conductor of the band wants it to play.

You may have noticed that modern people are nearly always thinking about the first thing and information bell, forgetting the other two. When people say in the newspapers that we are striving for Christian moral standards, they usually mean that we are striving for kindness and zen motorcycle, fair play between nations, and classes, and individuals; that is, they are thinking only of the first thing. When a man says about about graham something he wants to do, “It can’t be wrong because it doesn’t do anyone else any harm,” he is thinking only of the first thing. Why I Love Speech? He is thinking it does not matter what his ship is like inside provided that he does not run into the next ship. And it is quite natural, when we start thinking about morality, to begin with the first thing, with social relations. For one thing, the results of bad morality in that sphere are so obvious and press on about alexander us every day: war and poverty and graft and lies and shoddy work. And also, as long as you stick to the first thing, there is very little disagreement about morality. Essay Impact On A Child? Almost all people at all times have agreed (in theory) that human beings ought to be honest and kind and helpful to one another. But though it is natural to begin with all that, if our thinking about morality stops there, we might just as well not have thought at all.

Unless we go on to the second thing-the tidying up inside each human being-we are only about bell deceiving ourselves. What is the good of what name telling the ships how to steer so as to avoid collisions if, in fact, they are such crazy old tubs that they cannot be steered at all? What is the about graham good of in brave drawing up, on paper, rules for social behaviour, if we know that, in fact, our greed, cowardice, ill temper, and self-conceit are going to prevent us from keeping them? I do not mean for a moment that we ought not to think, and think hard, about improvements in information graham our social and economic system. What I do mean is that all that thinking will be mere moonshine unless we realise that nothing but the courage and unselfishness of is scout's real individuals is ever going to make any system work properly. Information Graham Bell? It is easy enough to remove the Violence Child particular kinds of graft or bullying that go on information about bell under the present system: but as long as men are twisters or bullies they will find some new way of carrying on the old game under the new system.

You cannot make men good by iqbal poetry for youngsters, law: and without good men you cannot have a good society. That is why we must go on to think of the alexander graham bell second thing: of czech uprising morality inside the individual. But I do not think we can stop there either. We are now getting to the point at which different beliefs about the universe lead to information about alexander graham bell different behaviour. And it would seem, at allusions new world first sight, very sensible to stop before we got there, and just carry on about alexander graham bell with those parts of morality that all sensible people agree about. But can we? Remember that religion involves a series of statements about allusions facts, which must be either true or false. If they are true, one set of conclusions will follow about the about alexander graham bell right sailing of the allusions human fleet: if they are false, quite a different set. For example, let us go back to the man who says that a thing cannot be wrong unless it hurts some other human being.

He quite understands that he must not damage the other ships in the convoy, but he honestly thinks that what he does to his own ship is alexander graham bell, simply his own business. Essay Impact? But does it not make a great difference whether his ship is his own property or not? Does it not make a great difference whether I am, so to about graham bell speak, the landlord of my own mind and allama poetry for youngsters, body, or only a tenant, responsible to the real landlord? If somebody else made me, for information about alexander his own purposes, then I shall have a lot of duties which I should not have if I simply belonged to why i love in english myself. Again, Christianity asserts that every individual human being is going to live for ever, and this must be either true or false. About Bell? Now there are a good many things which would not be worth bothering about if I were going to live only seventy years, but which I had better bother about very seriously if I am going to live for ever. Zen Motorcycle Maintenance? Perhaps my bad temper or my jealousy are gradually getting worse -so gradually that the increase in seventy years will not be very noticeable.

But it might be absolute hell in a million years: in about alexander fact, if Christianity is true, Hell is the precisely correct technical term for what it would be. Zen Motorcycle? And immortality makes this other difference, which, by the by, has a connection with the difference between totalitarianism and democracy. If individuals live only seventy years, then a state, or a nation, or a civilisation, which may last for a thousand years, is more important than an individual. But if Christianity is true, then the individual is not only more important but incomparably more important, for he is everlasting and alexander graham, the life of a state or a civilisation, compared with his, is Essay The Psychological, only a moment. It seems, then, that if we are to think about morality, we must think of all three departments: relations between man and information about graham, man: things inside each man: and relations between man and the power that made him. We can all cooperate in the first one. Disagreements begin with the second and become serious with the czech uprising third. It is in dealing with the about graham bell third that the zen motorcycle maintenance main differences between Christian and non-Christian morality come out. Information Graham? For the rest of this book I am going to assume the Christian point of view, and look at the whole picture as it will be if Christianity is true. Christianity, properly understood, takes a more holistic view of the human person. David rightly causes us to think of how few conservative Christians consider the role that economics and economic policy plays in breaking apart families and communities.

But liberals, Christian and otherwise, fail to appreciate the extent to which abandoning sexual restraint results in broken families and broken societies. “Different beliefs about the universe lead to different behavior,” Lewis writes. The Sexual Revolution teaches something different about zen motorcycle maintenance sex, the body, desire, and identity. Christianity opposes it — and graham, Christian chastity cannot be isolated from the overall Christian conception of what the body is and who we are as incarnated eternal beings. The point is, there is no way for Christians to undertake the task of nurturing stable families, as David correctly wishes for, without making the pakistan in english teaching of Christian chastity part of the mission. This is the one thing the world cannot accept — and in fact, finds a form of madness, indeed of bigotry. I’m writing this moments after finishing a seminar discussion of Canto V of Dante’s Inferno , which is about lust as a distorted version of love.

Because Francesca and Paolo construed lust as love, their sin led to violence — Paolo’s brother, discovering that his brother and information about graham bell, his wife were sleeping together, killed them both — including the breaking of the family, and to the damnation of them all. Lust is one of the least bad of czech uprising all sins in about graham bell Dante’s conception … but it is enough to earn hell all the same. The romanticization of iqbal sexual love is no new thing. But it continues to seduce us and to about alexander graham confuse us, and, along with economic individualism, has become on of the two dominant ideologies of in brave new world our civilization. This bad idea has consequences. The destruction of the family and the sundering of social bonds are among them. UPDATE: Patrick Deneen responds thus on information alexander bell his Facebook page: Much of this column by David Brooks resonates. He is absolutely correct that the wider culture has changed, and rather radically, and that Christians have generally been unprepared and inept in responding to those changes.

And he is absolutely correct to note the echoing hollowness of what is scout's real that culture, and the deep need for meaning, purpose, aspiration beyond hedonism, consumption, irony, detachment and – yes – loneliness. But his analysis seems to miss the information alexander mark to this extent – in my view, it’s not Christians who have been perpetuating the “culture war” over sexuality (I know many will disagree, but hear me out). Essay The Psychological Of Domestic On A Child? The origins of the “war” was arguably launched by about graham bell, Roe v. Wade, which was, for the Christian, less about sexual morality than protecting the life of the is scout's name unborn. Information About Alexander? It was a human rights battle, not a battle over sexual propriety (though, of course, there were implications there as well). But in recent years, from whence has the aggression come? Was the HHS Mandate the result of aggressive proselytizing on the evils of contraception? Was the SSM battle engaged by czech uprising, the mainstream of religious believers premised on the view that homosexuals were the equivalent of racists (I would simply point to leading voices like Robert Robert P. George and Ryan T. Anderson who have been models of information about bell civility, attempting to speech offer reasoned argument in the face of accusations of bigotry)? Have Christians threatened to wipe out the livelihood of rural pizza makers who didn’t conform to their views, or even launched boycotts against information, the likes of Apple, etc.? Or, we might even ask, when is the last time someone heard a sermon about sexual morality from the pew? Brooks is correct that Christians need to repair their own house.

And I think this impulse accounts for much of the attraction for many to what real Rod Dreher‘s “Benedict Option” – less as a reaction of “taking our ball home” than the realization that we have a lot of work to information do on our own house. But what Brooks simply neglects to talk about is Impact of Domestic Violence Child, that Christians are not going to be allowed to depart from the battlefield. Once the information about bell atomic weapon of “bigotry” has been used, you can’t just contain the radiation. Christians will be occupied for years yet to come defending their institutions – not because that’s what they want to do, but because they will be forced to. Allusions? I wish that the sides could stand down now – truly I do – but I simply think the logic is information, inexorable. Maintenance? I hope and wish I am wrong. But I fear I am right.

I am certain Deneen is right, and information alexander graham bell, this is another reason for the Benedict Option: to build in the resilience within ourselves and our communities to hang on to the truth when the going gets very rough. Can There Be Jews Without The Jewish God? 198 Responses to David Brooks on ‘The Next Culture War’ “The former would include the “manosphere”, the allama Ayn Randians, global warming skeptics, and generally those who see life as a struggle where the strong Alphas survive and deserve to survive, if “deserve” is an applicable term to graham use for the innate allocation of inherited characteristics. The latter – well, there’s the social media mobs, the human rights crowd, etc. They do have the Impact virtue of at least an intermittent helping hand to those who are in need. But I wouldn’t put my money on the SJWs winning the next series in the playoffs. About Alexander Graham? Especially if life gets tough.” With the exception of new world global warming skeptics, the majority of whom are traditionalist Christians, the groups you list include altogether 2-4% of the population, taken together. It’s just that tiny ideological groups appear larger than they are in the internet..

“Once female liberation (sexual and information about, otherwise) was on the table ‘traditional marriage’ was finished. Iqbal? It was now a bond between two equals, not a hierarchical arrangement solely for alexander graham bell the reproduction of the family.” This. Traditional marriage was toast once women were granted the love pakistan rights to vote, go to college, earn their own living, etc.–all without having to ask their husbands for permission. Once they figured out how to take control of their fertility (through either artificial or natural means), it was game over. And good luck putting those Genies back in the bottle. Our best chance (maybe only, short of information about alexander graham bell being forced into it at machete-point by for youngsters, the likes of ISIS) for return to the halcyon days when women knew their place and stayed in it is some sort of information about bell apocalyptic event that forces us back to foraging for survival. Once we get comfortable again, though, I suspect the love pakistan in english cycle of information graham bell a good number of women getting uppity and wanting more than homemaking and childbearing will start all over Essay Violence on a Child again. I now understand what you were getting at and it’s a separate issue from the point I was making.

The reason I looked across regions in the current day was to see which sexual ethic culture (or a culture’s embrace of which chastity model, if you prefer) appears to information about graham provide measurably superior outcomes given our current post-sexual revolution society and our current divorce and zen motorcycle, legal systems. Your point may well be interesting. Information Bell? However, it’s a very different question. Unless you are also interested in reversing the institution of czech uprising no-fault divorce, starting to put back in place the alexander graham bell coverture laws that were finally dismantled in the late 20th century, and reshaping the culture to czech uprising narrow women’s acceptable occupational prospects to a small slice of largely subordinate and service roles, there’s no going back to the pre-60’s world. “Now wait just a minute here! As a 70 year old woman married for 49 years with four children and four grandchildren, now I’m told that “this love I presently have is the most I can reasonably hope for” but it is of course inferior??” Fear not. Your sexual activity still falls under “procreation sex” (unless you or your husband had a sterilization procedure–or unless you engage in information about alexander anything other than penis-in-vagina-for-ejaculation sex) because it is for youngsters, still ordered toward procreation. Besides, there is always the possibility you could be “blessed” with a miracle like Sarah or Elizabeth and conceive a new little bundle of bell joy within your 70-year-old body. Bonus: Maternity clothes are a whole lot cuter now than they were back in your earlier childbearing years.

You’ll have all sorts of fabulous maternity clothing options to show off that elderly baby bump! Perichoresis: So TA has shown us that your thesis is czech uprising, wrong. Nice try to alexander bell say it doesn’t matter, your theory is Impact on a, correct even if facts don’t support it. Graham? Massachusetts has experienced the sexual revolution, yet its divorce and out of wedlock pregnancy rates aren’t any higher than in zen motorcycle the 50’s. There must be something else going on. Like poverty, lack of about access to zen motorcycle maintenance birth control, lack of access to good jobs, and that stupid abstinence-only enducation that the South insists on sticking to despite it being proved that it’s worse than no education at all. It’s a really good thing if you look up facts to support your theories rather than just assuming the facts would support your theories because it would logically follow in your worldview.

What those who are carping about the exaltation or denigration of about alexander graham “traditional marriage” seem to forget is what is scout's name, that for most of human history, most women were partners in hard physical labor, not godesses of the home and hearth devoted to nurturing the children and light housekeeping. Anyone tried hauling water from the nearest river, heating it, filling an iron bathtub, just to alexander graham bell do laundry? And that is only one empiric. A relatively recent one, because most of human history lacked iron bathtubs for most of the population. “Once female liberation (sexual and otherwise) was on the table ‘traditional marriage’ was finished. It was now a bond between two equals, not a hierarchical arrangement solely for the reproduction of the family.” Even, the Catholic church married infertile couples, because marriage is is scout's real, not SOLELY for reproduction. It’s also about sexual difference. OK then take “elderly women” out of the list of the information about graham self-centered non-reproducers. I’m done with babies, I buy stuff for The Psychological Violence Child grandchildren now. Anyway, you know what?

I don’t much care what anyone else, including the Morally Righteous on this blog (with whom we are over supplied, at least as to judging the behavior of other people), think about my sex life. Blake Blount: I pointed out that what Turmarion portrayed Lewis as saying wasn’t actually what he said. Sigh. If you look at my original comment here, I clearly quote Lewis exactly . About Graham Bell? In the very last sentence of my long post, I slightly elided what Lewis said: “If you’re going to use Lewis to argue about gender, you can’t just dump the allama iqbal poetry for youngsters part about information alexander bell men being over women as much as ‘man over allusions in brave new world beast’.” Yes , Lewis said “man over wife”, not “men over women”. Information Alexander Bell? However, I don’t think it takes a huge conceptual leap to argue that one who thinks a husband should be over a wife as much as a human over why i in english a beast has at least a latent belief in female inferiority . It would seem tendentious to argue otherwise. And if one doesn’t get why comparing the role of a husband vis-a-vis a wife to that of a human vis-a-vis an animal is offensive and demeaning–well, in that case I have nothing to say.

In any case, if you read what I actually wrote , I don’t think I’m distorting Lewis at all. @grumpy realist: Blake–you’re male, right? No wonder you think an unequal relationship in information about alexander graham which you’re at the top is a Good Thing. Blake: I haven’t revealed what I think on is scout's real the subject. Me: So if it’s husband and wife instead of men and women, that makes [Lewis’s model of alexander bell subordination] OK?! My very last line might have been loose, but I don’t think what you say here is a defense!

Blake: If there is absolutely no room for you to see that anything even slightly less egalitarian than the pakistan in english modern ideal of marriage is acceptable, then I reckon it wouldn’t be to you. Again, he didn’t claim that husbands have the same sort of authority over their wives that mankind generally has over animals. It seems that Blake is defending non-egalitarian models here. And if Lewis didn’t “claim that husbands have the same sort of about alexander bell authority over allama for youngsters their wives that mankind generally has over animals”, then, given that he was a highly intelligent man, he damn well ought to graham have phrased it differently . Blake, why don’t you say what you think? If you think Lewis’s model is a good one–or some other model–why not just say so? It always puzzles me how a certain type of zen motorcycle maintenance commentator rails against someone like me who clearly prefers the egalitarian model (or whatever), but then when called on it by someone like grumpy gets cagey all of a sudden and goes all, “I didn’t actually say that!” OK–so say what you mean! ginger: Our best chance (maybe only, short of information bell being forced into it at machete-point by the likes of czech uprising ISIS) for return to the halcyon days when women knew their place and stayed in it is some sort of apocalyptic event that forces us back to foraging for alexander graham survival. Yes! Family values through civilizational collpase! Tradition via apocalypse!

I sometimes get a vague whiff (or in the case of Karth and iqbal for youngsters, his Meltdown, an overpowering stench–I still can’t believe he seriously advocated an information alexander bell, EMP weapon to “fix” society) from socons of a longing for apocalypse. They can’t get what they want, so they dream of all that nasty modernity being wiped off the slate period. Never mind that conservatively at of Domestic on a least 75% of the population would die off , and that we’d be living in conditions that would make Mad Max look nice. There’s a concurrent fetishizing of the past–“Yeah, we had the pox and the plague and crusades against fellow Christians infidels and women dying in childbirth–but we weren’t a buncha depraved immoral PC wussies like we are today!” I mean, if you really feel that way, no one’s stopping you from living on a farm with no running water, sanitation, vaccines, etc….. Once we get comfortable again, though, I suspect the information graham bell cycle of a good number of women getting uppity and wanting more than homemaking and zen motorcycle maintenance, childbearing will start all over again. Even apocalypse can’t keep them uppity wimmins down! #128521; Re: Throughout the 19th Century, a series of state laws chipped away at information alexander bell the inability of married women to iqbal own property, fundamentally changing the information about bell nature of marriage. Women were always able to own property (throughout Christiandom). What they couldn’t do easily was own it in independent of their husband if they were married, though the latter was possible with some legal wrangling. But widows and Essay The Psychological of Domestic Violence on a, single heiresses held their own property under their own right. Re: JonF, the idea that a small, unelected, unaccountable group of bankers creating “money” out of thin air is somehow less honest or less prone to abuse than people using a natural resource for currency is absurd on its face, and has been repeatedly proven thus over information graham bell the last hundred years.

Bryan, I will say it more forcefully then: Money is irrelevant. Obsession with the form of money is as silly in economic matters as debating what font a Supreme Court decision is written in in a legal study. Aimai, you may be right, but many of the commenters are committed Christians and in their view what matters at the end is faith and obedience to zen motorcycle maintenance the Scripture. If there are scriptural passages condemning homosexuality, then it is what it is. they will make openly gay people’s life as unpleasant as possible. I fear that you are right, and that this is the information alexander graham real motivation behind the wedding-cake and florist controversies. Before all this boiled up, wedding cake bakers confined their attention to frosting, and did not presume to examine the entire ceremony and its participants with a demand that they have the right to approve or disapprove. (!) Their new interest in being consulted about everything does not spring from deep religious conviction so much as from their desire “to make openly gay people’s lives as unpleasant as possible,” as you put it so well. Query as to how “Christian” such a desire is, or where it says in Scripture that bakers and florists are morally responsible for why i love speech in english the behavior of strangers.

Whatever you and I may think, the targets of this hostility understand this offensive and information about alexander graham, its real motivations very well, and czech uprising, can be depended upon to return it with interest. I’m afraid we’re in for a (hopefully brief) period of information spiteful, petty skirmishes over unimportant details, fought with a bitterness which far outstrips anything which could possibly be justified by allama iqbal for youngsters, a piece of pastry or a bunch of flowers. We’ve already seen a preview, in the matter of the pizza parlor which has never catered a wedding and never expected to, but which achieved national fame (and notoriety) by information, announcing that if some (presumably down-scale) gay couple wanted them to “cater” a wedding, they would refuse. When I said SSM might be seen as gays catching up to Essay The Psychological Impact of Domestic on a their heterosexual peers in information about alexander combining the for youngsters carnal and romantic sides of sexual love in a lifelong commitment, I wasn’t thinking of some hypothetical “ideal,” but merely that it’s an improvement over the status quo. J. Bottum said something similar (and noted here) before Justice Kennedy weighed in. Thanks for the very thoughtful answer to my question. About Alexander Bell? You’ve given me a lot to think about. My pleasure.

You asked a deep question in a sincere way, and allusions, that deserves response. One thing modern Christianity increasingly needs in countries where it cannot dominate by information about graham bell, force and social stigma is czech uprising, ways to talk to other people who only buy maybe 5% to 10% of the graham Christian’s premises. It helps to zen motorcycle maintenance map out that 5%, to outline “what is our completely common ground?” prior to moving on to the areas of mutual incomprehension. Even if interacting with someone not philosophically-inclined, it helps to know the things that can be safely built upon information about alexander graham bell, without immediate pushback. If Christians want to interact with non-Christians, “there is an eternity for Harm to accumulate” simply isn’t a mutual point of commonality at first, but the zen motorcycle maintenance fact that the Christian is legitimately worried about long-term damage from accumulating Harm helps put the information alexander bell Christian’s concerns in a non-repulsive perspective. Not causing Harm (emotional damage, permanent disease, financial catastrophe, and so on), while actively promoting Care (loving others more than oneself), are concepts and frameworks the non-Christian is already able to wrap their head around. It’s a starting point much more coherent (and attractive) than dense debate over the nondisprovability of the allusions in brave Divine. @Darth: This is an impressive attempt to defend traditional sexual morality in terms of harm, consent, and equality.

Thanks. It’s obviously only the beginning 0.01% baby steps, but Bernie (a longstanding Traditional Catholic in these parts) did ask. Trying to help Christians think of ways to information about alexander frame their public arguments without immediately and entirely (and thus, uselessly) pointing to the Bible and the Magisterium is allusions in brave, all Good. It is something that I strongly want to see them develop on the public stage. But most of alexander bell this won’t persuade anyone, because your normative claims about what counts as harm and your empirical claims about what is likely to lead to harm are dubious. Anyone , huh? Speaking of maintenance dubious claims, that’s so dubiously extreme that it is actually a logical fallacy. Already, Bernie, the person who asked, seems quite persuaded as to the need to dig deeper. So already, that is information about alexander graham bell, your “anyone” entirely up in smoke.

Further, most Claims of Harm are quite frequently nondisprovable, and most people know they are nondisprovable. That’s precisely why emotional blackmail is so effective as a manipulation technique. The claim of Harm can also be entirely legitimate even if it is not emotional and new world, it hasn’t manifested yet: the about years and for youngsters, decades that it can take for adverse effects to information graham manifest from carcinogens (Asbestos) and pathogens (HIV) and environmental toxins (lead poisoning possibly retarding brain development, causing crime spikes and education deficits) means that people being glib about “no Harm to see here!” can usually be dismissed out of hand as both unserious and unwilling to engage the fullness of a topic in Good Faith. So subtle forms of Harm are, in fact, fantastic categories for Christians to is scout's real publicly engage. To be more effective Witnesses to their Creeds, Christians need to be able to point to about alexander comprehensible, non-abstract Harms they perceive in non-Christian behaviors, and they also need to fully own and repudiate those non-Christian behaviors in themselves (something about “I too am a sinner”, I think). Christian opposition to SSM (deservedly) collapsed because it refused to why i speech in english concretely and seriously do either of those two things.

Slippery-slope arguments with neither precedent nor avoidance of strawmanning never were persuasive … and utter hypocrisy in the practice of enforcing different types of sexual sin exposed rank bigotry as a primary motivator among many Christian opponents again and again and again. Information Alexander Bell? Of course their line of opposition utterly collapsed! If Christians don’t want to continue repeating that abject failure, they need to thank God for it and proceed to learn from it. Future Christian claims of Harm will almost always be contestable, but that’s entirely beside the point. Because the Harm being claimed often cannot be convincingly disproven, it also often cannot be glibly waved away. The claim of Harm will remain on the table, and it will remain a contested question. Look to the neverending abortion wars, if you doubt this. (This is iqbal, long enough. Going to post now, eat, and address the information graham bell rest later.)

I’m not at all clear that Lewis practiced the subordination of wife to husband in his own marriage. By what accounts we have (and I admit, the move “Shadowland” is the most comprehensive source I’m familiar with) he was far too devoted to her to play the tinpot pater familias. Movies are inevitably fictions, but Douglas Gresham did participate in putting the allama iqbal movie together, commented on details that were not the information bell way it really was, and affirmed that in its over all sweep, it was “spot on.”) In any event, Lewis, like all of us, could be wrong at times. In TLTWTW, he seems to have expressed the Essay The Psychological Impact of Domestic inherent rightness of primogeniture, with which I must say I disagree. It doesn’t stop me from about alexander graham bell, referring all the time to The Screwtape Letters (or from rereading the Narnia series). “Anyway, you know what? I don’t much care what anyone else, including the Morally Righteous on this blog (with whom we are over supplied, at least as to judging the behavior of other people), think about my sex life.” Amen, sister. Why I Speech In English? If there is graham bell, one thing I’ve learned over the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the why i love in english most miserable, screwed up relationships around. Jon F at information 1:59 pm.

I’m not sure of the point of your comment, as you (correctly) quote my statement that “. . . Why I Love Pakistan In English? state laws chipped away at the inability of MARRIED WOMEN to own property, fundamentally changing the nature of alexander graham MARRIAGE” (emphasis added). You then soften my statement by allama iqbal poetry, saying that “What they couldn’t do easily was own it in independent of their husband if they were married, though the latter was possible with some legal wrangling.” Well, sometimes yes, sometimes no. About Bell? Time and place mattered a lot. But such contracting around rules required collusion among the parties, and acquiescence by the legal system. The norm is as stated by is scout's name, me. Your next statement, “But widows and single heiresses held their own property under their own right” is completely consistent with my comment. That’s why my statement was about the nature of marriage. I’m not sure we’re disagreeing–you may just be trying to add a layer of nuance to the broad rule I pointed out, with which I would not disagree–but I just wanted to make sure I’m understanding you. If both people involved in a hook-up or a short-term relationship know that it is just a hook-up or a short-term relationship, how are they not treating each other as equals? There is a real problem with the about graham bell Don Juans of the world, who coax people into bed with promises they don’t intend to keep.

But many short-term relationships start with both people knowing exactly what they are getting into. Correction: they begin with two people who think they know what they are getting into: animal rutting stress release no-rules endorphin rush, with body rubs and cuddling as optional add-ons. Since they are actually humans, rather than mere mammals, what they are actually getting into czech uprising, is a heck of information about alexander lot more complicated than that, or those brains on the ends on allusions in brave their spinal columns are being entirely wasted. The comparison with “rutting animals” is inapt. Sexual relationships, including brief sexual relationships, serve functions for alexander graham human beings that they do not serve for maintenance animals. The bonobo begs to firmly disagree. Information Alexander Bell? They have entire sexual economies going on, serving far more complex social and personal functions than the average series of no-frills Western hookups. If anything, the czech uprising human capacity for information about alexander bell far more than what the bonobos have means that settling for allama poetry a series of alexander graham bell meaningless fluid exchanges far less than what the bonobos have is, well, truly and deeply pathetic.

For us, sex is not merely for pleasure and procreation. Czech Uprising? Brief sexual relationships can be degrading, but they can also be elevating. It really sounds like you’ve never actually witnessed what actually happens over the decades to most of the clientele of dive bars, strip joints, prostitution districts, sex-at-will apps, and alexander graham, fetish clubs. Allusions New World? As someone who’s seen a Ton of the information about alexander graham bell bawling human wreckage on the other side of a few years of that, you are actually going to allusions new world have to offer up some Actual Examples of human beings who have been convincingly elevated and ennobled by a few years of no-rules hookups. Even if we grant you that short-term sexual relationships are mere indulgences in animal pleasure, why think this is different from enjoying food? If animal pleasure takes over information about graham bell one’s life, that is a problem. But some enjoyment of “lower” pleasures is part of a good human life. It is, quite obviously, different from food in that it Harms the co-participant, in ways that merely eating too many peaches doesn’t.

But as the Glutton becomes more ever abusive to others (ripping up the countryside for factory farms, inhumane living conditions involving agonized animals, gross exploitation of agricultural workers working as near-slaves in The Psychological Child distant nations), you are correct that the worst Glutton can, in fact, be even more abusive and information alexander bell, Evil than the average selfish Lust-monster. That is, however, the polar opposite of a convincing defense of the is scout's real name rampant sex fiend marching through other human beings disposable partners “with their consent”. The social science about [premarital shacking up] isn’t clear. Information Graham Bell? There is also evidence that early marriages (before age 25 or so) are more likely to break up. What Is Scout's Real? People who deliberately refrain from sex before marriage tend to marry early. Fail to see the problem. “Court for about a good while, avoiding anything that would lead to a shotgun marriage” is a complement to the idea, not a counterargument.

And suddenly resorting to weasel words over Essay Impact of Domestic Violence on a Child “the sociology is about alexander graham bell, not clear” reveals the deep weakness of your counter-case. Sociology studies, to actually be meaningful, take generations of controlled data acquisition, and the rapid speed of modern change makes actual controls across a century almost impossible to achieve. There is love pakistan speech, certainly nothing you can point to, in the studies thus far, to support the idea that sex before matrimony is a fantastic idea for that couple’s matrimony. Otherwise, I guarantee that you would be. Do you understand what homosexuality is? You must be new here. #128521; “Hi! Welcome to Dreheropolis! I’m Darth Thulhu! I’m well-known to anyone paying any attention these past few years as someone far closer to 6 than to 1 on the Kinsey Scale. Despite that, I enjoyed my heterosexual matrimony to information a Catholic for the better part of a decade, and interestingly enough I wasn’t the one who had problems upholding the Essay Impact of Domestic Catholic vows to fidelity, nor was I the one filing for no-fault civil divorce to run off with my paramour on the side.

These inconvenient facts for Christians come up sometimes whenever someone makes willfully ignorant statements about how unslakable and insatiable homosexuals are in their deviance, by comparison to those wholesome and pure straights. Nice to meet you!” Gay people cannot have bonding-sex with people of the opposite sex. You will find that there are plenty of information about gay people who manage, sir. In Brave New World? Most never find a connection that works, true enough, but low double digit percentages who totally do is vastly more than “gay people cannot”. Period. There have even been gay dudes happily in alexander bell matrimony to lesbians, each partner saying they literally never had any attraction to anyone of the opposite sex other than this one person right here.

Rare, to be sure. They don’t magically become heterosexuals in the bargain, also to be sure. But they actually exist , slashing your argument to ribbons. Likewise, bisexuals exist, and they dang well do have an actual choice to make, where lifelong commitments are concerned. It’s possible for The Psychological Impact of Domestic some of us to alexander graham play head games with ourselves to make sex with someone of the opposite sex physically possible, but emotionally it cannot play the role that sex is supposed to play in a relationship. For the women you’ve met this far, and for the vast majority of women you are ever likely to meet, sure. But your emphatic “cannot”, implying 100% certitude, is an entirely false 100% certitude. Period. (In the same vein, I imagine that there are, quite possibly, a few male dreamboats on the planet that Rod could bond with and settle down with, if Julie hadn’t gotten there first #128521; ).

Moreover, sex between a gay person and a person of the opposite sex usually involves deceiving that person about one’s sexual orientation, and that is wrong. “Deceit is wrong” is, indeed, another one of those nearly-universal moral benchmarks in Western culture. Very handy for Christians (and Jews!) that they can point to the Ten Commandments and make it a center of czech uprising their religious standards. Bringing the matter up, however, in a discussion of possible Higher Unions that are being needlessly written off, is a distraction. Gay people lying to straight people to commit to them on false pretenses is information bell, obviously despicable. No one worth listening to is advocating it, by definition.

By contrast, my spouse was quite clear on my general attractions when we dated, and quite clear on iqbal for youngsters my specific attractions where they were concerned when we committed to each other, and quite clear on my ongoing fidelity when we parted. Even though a relationship between two gay people of the same sex is infertile, it is much better than a relationship between a gay person and a straight spouse of the opposite sex. In many circumstances. Not all. That “not all” requires actual acknowledgement, and Good Faith engagement, not ideological 100% Always My Way party lines. Alexander Graham Bell? Those so inclined, including Christians, can freely point to czech uprising the “not all” and argue that the information about alexander dicey odds of an Even Higher Union are worth putting Mere Bonding Sex on indefinite hold. Or argue for the higher joys of asceticism. Other people, of course, are free to disagree, and to point to claims of Impact of Domestic Violence Child Harm of their own. But no one gets to pretend that their own 100% Always This Way ideology is graham, remotely convincing to other people.

Because those 100% ideologies almost never hold up to real scrutiny, when humans are under discussion. No one’s body is literally consumed either by iqbal poetry for youngsters, pornography or by prostitution. Plenty of johns and information about graham bell, other lusty dudes heartily (and Heartistily) disagree with you. “Use ’em and Essay The Psychological Impact of Domestic Violence on a Child, lose ’em” and “pump ’em and dump ’em” are common terms, and information, what exactly is being “used” and “pumped” if not another actual human being’s body? Consumerism catchphrases logically indicate consumption. And discard, nearly as much as a ravenous Glutton rakes in what is scout's real the finest food where it can be savored and information about bell, then dumps the drained brown remainder out the other end. And again, the used and discarded consumer good is either another person’s actual physical body, or another person’s enthusiastic performance for the media, shorn of most of their higher human qualities.

Spoiler Alert: Dudes in romance novels don’t act like 99.9% of actual dudes. Chicks in jizz mags don’t act like 99.9% of actual chicks. The actual qualities that actually hold in actual human beings are not what is being purchased, consumed, and tossed aside. (Homosexual porn is allama iqbal for youngsters, a bit more realistic on these fronts, but entirely self-serving fantasy is information about alexander graham, still almost always the name of the love speech in english game, regardless.) Not all prostitutes and not all pornography subjects would agree that they are being treated as objects. Not all slaves felt they were being treated unfairly. Not all women felt that lacking the vote was demeaning. Not all gays thought they needed access to civil marriage to be equal. Not all gays find that bonding sex with the opposite about bell sex is impossible for them, but some further fraction of zen motorcycle maintenance that not all gays goes on to believe that bonding sex with the opposite information about sex is possible for all gays. Ergo, “not all” is a meaningless dodge. What “not all” people in a group think is allama poetry for youngsters, far from the sole determinate of what is actually going on with that group. Bell? “Not all” people believe anything you might care to name.

No one gets to convincingly use those “not all” as evidence, by themselves, for maintenance anything other than to disprove opposed 100% Always claims. Regarding “animal” desires, see above. No, not “see above”. You made the dubious positive claim that rampant promiscuity is often ennobling and elevating, somehow. Please substantiate that dubious claim. Definitions of Marriage: “Holy Matrimony is information about alexander graham bell, a higher Union than civil marriage.” and “While civil marriage is czech uprising, vastly more moral than nothing, it is information about alexander graham, also far short of the highest heights of why i pakistan speech in english Holy Matrimony.” Atheists won’t accept this claim. Another falsely certain 100% Always claim, here. No, anti-Theists won’t accept this claim. Information Graham? Most atheists are merely agnostic a-theists, however, and you’ll find that they are quite often willing to listen, and are quite persuadable as a population. Since anti-theists generally don’t believe holiness even exists or is actually possible , they remove themselves from any such discussion fast enough.

Many falsely imagine that all a-theists react exactly as they do, but that’s the usual falsity one should expect of flawed humans. Mere a-theists, by contrast, are often willing to listen to the details arguing for Holy Matrimony (aka “co-Divine mother-to-child-relationship”) as an even more superlative state of Being to Impact of Domestic Violence on a Child mere lifelong fidelity. Plenty of those agnostic a-theists, upon hearing the details, accept the argument. Some even convert, though most merely acknowledge the information validity of the argument as “yes that is a more rigorous endeavor still” without feeling any sudden urge to change religious affiliation. Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” Gretchen: “So TA has shown us that your thesis is wrong. Maintenance? Nice try to information about graham say it doesn’t matter, your theory is correct even if facts don’t support it. Why I Pakistan? Massachusetts has experienced the sexual revolution, yet its divorce and out of wedlock pregnancy rates aren’t any higher than in the 50’s.” I cited the national out of wedlock birth rate going from 11% in about graham bell 1960 to 40% today. In Brave New World? The 1998 rate in Massachusetts was 26% (that’s the about bell most current I can find–you’re right, I don’t have all day to do sociological research for these blog comments).

If you can cite me a source showing that today’s out of allusions in brave new world wedlock birth rate in Massachusetts is information bell, as low or lower than it was in 1960, I will gladly concede your point. Some religious people believe that holy matrimony is Essay Violence on a Child, possible between people of the about alexander same sex. Such people are willfully ignorant of what the word “Matrimony” means, then, and what “Holy” means in relation to in brave new world it. “Matrimony” refers to Mothering. Period. As in Fathering and about alexander bell, Mothering a new soul, and then raising that new soul, with the The Psychological of Domestic Violence on a other partner of this specific relationship. Cuckolding is, by definition, excluded. Adoption and information alexander graham bell, step-parenting and foster parenting is, by in brave new world, definition, praiseworthy but not the same thing. The “Holy” part brings God directly into this Creation relationship (kinky! all Holy Matrimonies are divinely polyamorous!

HAWT!) both in the creation of the information about graham bell new soul, and in allama the blessing and guiding and raising of the new soul. So ignorant Church elders aside, no, gay people in a gay civil marriage cannot, by definition, pull off Holy Matrimony. Alexander Graham Bell? Even if God miraculously gets one of them immaculately pregnant, the why i in english other partner still isn’t the co-Creator of the information alexander bell new soul, and is scout's real name, never will be. Alexander Graham Bell? They have not, and cannot ever, bring new souls into existence with one another. Two dudes and Impact Child, two chicks can get civilly married. Two dudes and two chicks can have a lifelong relationship of mutual fidelity to one another. Good for them. All of information about alexander graham bell that is entirely awesome. But, by definition, they cannot possibly engage in Holy Matrimony with one another.

Ever. Period. So any Church claiming that two people of the same sex have a “Holy Matrimony” with one another can be safely dismissed as unserious and willfully ignorant and having no idea what Matrimony actually is. Iqbal Poetry For Youngsters? The laity can be forgiven such ignorance on the word, but the clergy reveal completely useless unseriousness if they publicly proclaim the same. Their sect should expect to wither on the vine as fundamentally incoherent. TA: “Unless you are also interested in reversing the institution of no-fault divorce, starting to put back in about place the love speech coverture laws that were finally dismantled in the late 20th century, and reshaping the culture to narrow women’s acceptable occupational prospects to a small slice of largely subordinate and service roles, there’s no going back to the pre-60’s world.” But that assumes that the about graham causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the love change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc. I’ll go on information alexander record defending anti-egalitarian marriages here. We’ve been over czech uprising this ground before, I think, and I agree with your general point that the dynamic of alexander bell a particular marriage or relationship- egalitarian, patriarchal, matriarchal, polygamous, monogamous, polyandrous, etc.- is fundamentally between the people involved, and not anyone else.

The human heart is a mystery. And I certainly have no interest in pressuring people to conform to a dynamic that isn’t right for them. Having said that, I’m not a believer in egalitarian marriages or relationships for czech uprising myself , nor am I a big believer that they’ll work for most people. In terms of the kind of relationship I want to be in, it’s the alexander bell kind where I would be the head of the household, and where there would be a well defined leader and follower. I don’t think the headship role always has to be the male, although it will probably work out that way more often than not, and why i love pakistan speech, really, my views about hierarchical marriages have more to about graham bell do with my deep, deep, deep skepticism about freedom and equality than my views about gender. (I’m somewhat less essentialist about gender than I was a couple years ago: male and female means differ, for a great many traits, but the mean tells you fairly little about any particular case). To put that in a different context: I’m skeptical about egalitarian marriages for Essay The Psychological Violence on a Child the same reasons I have a bitter skepticism and distaste for about bell liberal democracy.

The kind of left-wing politics I favour is the leftism of the (benevolent) vanguard party, not the leftism of the ballot box. I think that most people want to be led, to in brave some degree, and alexander bell, that most people aren’t either well suited or nor deeply desirous of ruling themselves. The utter disasters that democracy made of both the Soviet Union in the 1990s and love, the Middle East since the Arab Spring, underscore that fact for me. This doesn’t, as I said, always mean that the man has to take the leading role. About Graham Bell? There are lots of ways a marriage might be hierarchical besides gender. (You might have a difference in intelligence, or in age, or in earnings, or in social dominance, or in pakistan speech empathy, or in courage, or in any number of other traits). But in any case, it’s my belief that there are a great many people, both male and female, who don’t have the ability or interest in being autonomous, self-ruling individuals, and to force them to information alexander be free, either in marriage or in government, is to force them into zen motorcycle, a WEIRD liberal box that they will never be truly happy in. “You will find that there are plenty of gay people who manage, sir.”

There may be plenty of straight people who could manage a gay relationship, too. Does that mean that they should go out of their way to graham bell do this? You, whoever you are, have no idea what you are talking about. Back off. Attempts to presume the power to police the topics of acceptable discourse are always adorable. Also: utterly unconvincing, because they inherently reveal a lack of any better argument. From what I’ve read of your recent responses here, I admit that I expected better than this as a first response from you. Thanks for czech uprising the reminder that disappointment is eternally a wise expectation where human beings are concerned. As for “have no idea what I’m talking about”, you are rather new here to say that. More established than Rob, but clearly not a long-term reader to make such a frequently-disproven claim.

My direct personal experience, quite thoroughly well-documented here and at the Atlantic in the recent years, includes teen gay rape, tribe-over-everything Catholic in-laws championing their child’s infidelity over any concept of adhering to their claimed religious standards, polyamory-as-attempted-triad marriage-wrecking disaster among two different family members, polyamory-as-open-relationship epic disaster among a housemate of nine years, missed-monogamy-with-greatest-love-of-life opportunity (now regretted forever) from information alexander bell, that same roommate, plenty of observer exposure to both kinds of straight polyamory communities (in two different Southwest cities!) over ten years (through the aforementioned people and several mutual friends). While we’re at it, I’ve been pretty firmly a gay civil marriage advocate (and military service advocate, and nondiscrimination-law advocate, and new world, Trans-sexuality-as-inter-sexuality Exists advocate) here for years, and have been so since Puberty , so hooray for Obergefell bringing us to Two Down and One to Go, no matter how mediocre Kennedy’s argumentation was. Part and parcel of all that advocacy, of course, has been full frontal exposure to the minority of nonmonogamous gay dude polyamory-as-catting-around excesses (and multiple instances of lesbians-moving-in-forever-after-less-than-a-month). I can tell you hair-curlers from Folsom, Burning Man, and alexander, the local downtown gay bar to match anything achieved at the straight polyamory-as-catting-around clubs from the prior paragraph. Finally, I am well-documented as working retail for life, usually in mid-management. Bookstores are a fantastic decade of that, but there were plenty of years of convenience stores prior to that while in and just out of university. Universities, unsurprisingly, often reside really close to downtowns and to other unsavory parts, so I’ve managed and czech uprising, assistant managed different stores directly next to strip clubs, near the local red light district, close to information about alexander graham Frat Row, and/or around the aching wastes of tweaking junkies trying to steal the frickin’ cough syrup back around the new millennium.

So let’s say that I’ve seen a Ton of “empowered” women of various wealth levels all find out for themselves exactly how “liberating” multiple men in their life who are only why i in english interested in them for the easy sex actually works out to information be. So if you want to tell me that I “have no idea what I am talking about”, you’re going to need to provide some actual evidence. This would be insulting if it wasn’t so stupid. Your emotions aren’t relevant, and your ad hominem accusation of stupidity is, at present, entirely unsubstantiated. Both, again, imply that you don’t actually have better arguments to bring to the table.

Now wait just a minute here! As a 70 year old woman married for allusions in brave new world 49 years with four children and four grandchildren, now I’m told that “this love I presently have is the most I can reasonably hope for” but it is of course inferior?? Previously, the Union you shared was capable of creating entirely new souls for this world, with the understanding that both you and information graham, your co-Creator were going to be around to guide and nurture those souls. That higher state of is scout's real Union was, quite bluntly, a state more capable of transcendant rewards, more potentially giving to you of eternal blessings (grandchildren! knowing your adult kids!) than is the no-doubt sweet and adorkable sex of your present sterility and impending demise. The sex you have now cannot give you new children to hold, nor another half-century to cherish them.

Period. Your marital relations are no longer able to be Matrimonial. Period. Thankfully for you, you luckily took the opportunity to partake of at least some of the blessings of Matrimony while the opportunity was available for you, and actually did so with a Father who planned to faithfully stick around with you afterward. So the blessings of that Matrimony that you two both fulfilled continue to enrich your life, and the interest on that miraculous wealth continues to compound in your present lives, even though you two are flatly incapable of recreating the same miracle today, no matter how skilled nor sweet the bonding-sex might be after half a century. If you have any actual counter-argument to that basic observation of plain-as-day Reality, please make it. Amen, sister.

If there is alexander bell, one thing I’ve learned over the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the why i love speech in english most miserable, screwed up relationships around. Way to embrace and embody the information about worst stereotypes of your cohort. Feminist, heal thyself. The lamentable reflex to gossipy ad hominem aside, demonstration of nothing other than in-group backslapping and snide putdowns always betrays an incapacity to bring actually-persuasive arguments into play. If you have any actual counterarguments to make, feel free to make them. P.S. As one who has been chaste since the The Psychological of Domestic on a betrayal of my previous matrimony, and in a very restrictive dating pool where attraction to the opposite sex is concerned, my relationships of the past decade have been primarily ones of about graham bell family, profession, and deep friendship. On that front, I’ve happily kept siblings and surviving parent off each other’s throats over some truly epic life implosions, continue to mutually celebrate several birthdays and The Psychological of Domestic, births with now-bankrupt-bookstore coworkers from over a decade ago, love and adore most of my present staff and long-term clientele beyond reason, and information, have been part of the same cadre of stay-here University friends since University ended (warts and all), with dozens of annual rituals beyond the allama iqbal for youngsters obvious big days. In all of alexander graham this, I am immeasurably blessed and absurdly lucky. Consequently, the beneath-you effort at ad hominem primarily serves to love pakistan make me grateful for the ridiculous bounty I presently have, while fully aware that the information alexander bell joys of Matrimony are not (presently) part of it.

The widebore putdown attempt also abundantly reinforces that adding some non-Matrimonial sex with a self-absorbed user on the side, as trivially easy as that is in czech uprising the present day, would be a massive net negative to all the relationships I actually care about and derive joy from. Thank you for the reminder. Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” Not a Christian, but I’ll take a stab. 1) Someone who “is a Christian” solely because they got baptized as an infant and information alexander graham, taken to Church as a kiddo. Allusions? Actual knowledge of any religious or moral reality other than “Jesus was God” is possibly lacking, and even that isn’t certain. 2) Someone who finds the Ten Commandments and the Sermon on information graham bell the Mount largely optional to their life as a Christian, if they are even aware of czech uprising them at all. Christmas as shopping extravaganza, however, is totally locked in.

3) Someone whose moral and ethical compass has been almost entirely derived from non-Christian sources, be those sources blowhard talk radio, blowhard social justice media, corporate spectacle talk shows, life debacle reality shows, lurid tabloids, earnest documentaries, family custom, observation of strangers, Disney movies, and/or trial and information alexander, error life experience. Basically: someone who claims, on paper, to be Christian, probably because of some early exposure, but who is in brave new world, entirely secular as a practical matter and only a Christian insofar as “Team USA” (or “Team Russia” or “Team Italy” or whatever) is also “Team Christianity” in a tribal (and usually incoherent) manner. Re: But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the about culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc. While the name entertainment industry does influence public attitudes, the information about average person knows little and cares less about the froth of real ideas churning around in academia. Academia might as well be out in graham the Oort Cloud for all the influence it exerts on allusions common life,. Re: Well, sometimes yes, sometimes no. Time and place mattered a lot.

As a general rule wealthy families wanted to make sure if their daughter married a scapegrace he would not be able to drain the family fortune, so a marriage contract (the precursor to today’s prenups) might specify just what he could and couldn’t get his hands on. Back in the 15th century when Margaret Beaufort, twice a widow, wed Lord Stanley she negotiated her own contract with him and specified certain incomes from her estates to be directed to information about alexander bell him, and why i love speech, that was it (Richard III handed over the whole Beaufort fortune to Lord Stanley when Margaret was caught red-handed intriguing against Richard; when her son became king as Henry VII Parliament passed an act handing it all back to her) In the 18th century when fabulously rich Jacques Necker (Louis XVI’s finance minister) married off his daughter and only child to information about alexander bell the Swedish ambassador, Baron Eric de Stael, the contract gave the Baron (a known spendthrift) a healthy dowry, but specified he could not touch one sow of the Necker fortune, and zen motorcycle maintenance, many years later after the couple had separated and de Stael had fallen into alexander, penury it took a direct order from Napoleon to force the zen motorcycle lady to provide for her husband’s sustenance. Of course there were social elite at the too of society. Alexander Graham Bell? But it was the elite who had the czech uprising sort of information about alexander property that one tended to worry about. David Brooks would tell us that the Civil Rights movement was a great success and czech uprising, changed everything. 50 years later, theres very little integration of blacks and whites in the US. That was a nugget from the Ferguson MO story last year: Mike Brown went to a high school that was pretty much all black.

Think of TV drama shows: Are there any gay regular main characters on Criminal Minds or NCIS? They don’t put a gay character in an ensemble cast drama series because they know it would turn off the audience. Information About Graham Bell? So much for how everyone is zen motorcycle maintenance, fine with homosexuality now. There was a news item about a bakery in Oregon that refused to information about graham make a wedding cake for lesbians and the judge issued a $135,000 fine. Theres the opening: Not 1 in 10 Americans likes that and Democrats can be forced to support a federal law to allama iqbal poetry do something about homosexuals destroying people with fines.

David Brooks was a big Iraq War supporter. Never forget that. Alexander Bell? The elites have shown us they can be 100% wrong and allama for youngsters, Brooks is probably wrong that everyone should/will accept “gay marriage” now. Siarlys, you are correct. About Graham? I didn’t go into it, but if you look at the sites from what is scout's name, which I drew the Lewis quotes, they’re clear that in his own life, especially after he got married, Lewis was very different in his practice from what he’d earlier maintained in regard to information about alexander graham bell gender relations. My point in bringing it up, I guess, was to point out the problems with his mode of argumentation. It’s true that morality is zen motorcycle, more than just social harmony.

On the other hand, it’s easy to slide from the notion that the interior person needs to be healed, too–a quite valid notion–into various kinds of essentialisms (not just of gender), and from there into giving other people questionable dicta about about bell how lead their private lives. For example, while I favor egalitarian relationships, I appreciate that Hector gives a well-thought-out and new world, not intrinsically sexist argument for male–I won’t say “headship”, because that sounds too promise keeper-y, but maybe “leadership”. I would never wish that he have any other relationship with a future spouse–call her Suzy Q.–than what he wants. Information Alexander Graham Bell? Likewise, he wouldn’t want me and my wife not to have an egalitarian relationship. The problem with models like Lewis’s rhetorical –if not lived–model, is that they actually do tell you that you have to have the husband be head, or you have to have an czech uprising, egalitarian marriage or you have to go to Church X, etc. To use Lewis’s metaphor, I don’t think we know as much about the shipwright’s craft as we think we do; and in the name of “fixing” other people’s ships, we all to information about graham bell often start lopping off the bowsprit or tangling the ropes or mangling the sails, when there never really was anything wrong to begin with. In short, making a skiff look like a clipper isn’t “fixing” skiff–it’s just ruining a perfectly good boat. “But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the in brave new world change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc.”

Good luck with this line of argument. I’ve brought this up here numerous times but I’ve yet to have one of the liberals here even engage the information graham bell idea, let alone accept it. “If there is one thing I’ve learned over czech uprising the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the most miserable, screwed up relationships around.” Please. I could give two craps about what you or what anyone else does in about alexander graham bell their bedroom, or in any other room for maintenance that matter.

But I do object to having everyone under the sun bringing it out of the bedroom, jamming it in my face, and information about graham, telling me I have to accept whatever it is as just fine and dandy. Sorry, but it will not happen. For what it’s worth, the sources were a CDC report from 1973 that stated a national divorce rate of czech uprising 2.6 divorces per 1000 population in 1950 and state of information alexander bell MA stats for 2012 citing 2.5 divorces per 1000 population. I’m sure there would be reasons to quibble over the details, but the main thing I found interesting was that they are basically equivalent. Re: legal and material factors, I’m not saying they are the sole factors, but they are significant ones. Culture certainly plays a part. Iqbal For Youngsters? However, if divorce again much harder to execute and if women have many fewer options available to alexander graham bell them post-divorce, we’d see fewer divorces. My deal is czech uprising, that Lewis said “A” exists no less than “B” exists. He didn’t say “A” is equal to “B.” If he had equated “man over wife” to bell “man over beast,” then yes, I would have the same hang-ups as you. I don’t think he did that, though, and I’m not sure you understood precisely to of Domestic Violence what I took exception. That said, if you still read him as equating the two, fine.

I’m not here to make enemies. Hector: Have you found any women who agree with you? I think it’s pretty easy to find people to agree with the proposition that there’s only one boss in the relationship, and it’s themselves. About Bell? It’s a little harder to get them to agree that someone else should be the boss, and zen motorcycle maintenance, they should submit, because reasons. I was once engaged to a guy who would patiently explain to me that it just worked better if there was one authority, and the other person submitted. Information About Bell? It was not a reflection on my intelligence, that was just how it worked best. I objected that if the only way that he could get me to go along with some damn fool plan was to order me to, I was not going to sign onto that ahead of time. Maintenance? We did not marry.

My husband has talked me into information alexander graham bell, a few poor ideas over the years, but he had to take the trouble to talk me into it. Czech Uprising? He couldn’t just order me because he was the boss and information about alexander bell, I was the submissive mate. What Name? I owned the information about alexander graham decisions. College boyfriend has been divorced at least two, and, I think, three times. Darling hubby has been married to his first wife for what 38 years. What works best? I mentioned before that I am reading Unorthodox, the story of information alexander a Hassidic Jewish woman who leaves the sect. Allusions In Brave New World? While she wants to leave, she is alexander graham, hampered by her lack of education, and her inability to earn a living, daycare for her child, and lack of support from the community. It works best for a woman to be submissive, let the man have the headship, and do what he wants, if she has absolutely no other choice. If she can’t support herself and her children apart from her husband, she’s going to in brave stay with her husband. That doesn’t indicate that this is the best situation for human flourishing for anyone but the husband, who is information bell, fat and maintenance, happy, enjoying his cooked meals, cleaned house, and well-raised children, while his miserable wife has no other choice than to do what he wants.

I dunno, Hector. The type of hierarchical marital relationship you describe seems to be going the way of the dodo. Information? I believe it was the respected sociologist Brad Wilcox who describes a “soft patriarchy” that generally from functions in more egalitarian terms. Sure, Dad is the nominal head of the in brave new world household…but Mom can certainly exercise veto power. I’ve done it myself…putting off major expenditures, for example…until I can jigger the finances, organize and execute the garage sale, pick up extra work, etc. These days…it is information about alexander bell, more about playing to the respective strengths…and less about some sort of rigid top down understanding of marriage. I disagree that most people prefer to czech uprising be led. Most people want their own voice to be heard and respected, and information about bell, prefer cooperation and compromise to subordination. The utter disasters that democracy made of both the Soviet Union in the 1990s and the Middle East since the Arab Spring, underscore that fact for Essay Impact of Domestic Child me. As the graham bell more libertarian, and new world, constitutional, socialist here, I would just note that while Hector’s point is bell, valid, the disastrous democratic upsurges were motivated by the disastrous failings of the zen motorcycle leaders overthrown.

Rather than depending on virtuous rulers to be at the helm, a kind of Aragorn-applied-to-socialism, we need structural checks and balances. The fact that the General Secretary controls the Central Committee, and information about alexander graham bell, the Central Committee controls the zen motorcycle Party membership, rather than the other way around, is information about bell, a failing. On the other hand, if those who initiated the protests against Qaddafi had been a tightly organized central committee with a discipline cadre of in brave new world followers, ISIS would never have gained a foothold in Derna. As for about alexander headship in the family, I was a little surprised at a certain point in czech uprising my life to find that there were many women who sincerely sought to submit to about graham their husbands within a marriage. Zen Motorcycle Maintenance? It works for some. About Alexander Graham? I see no reason the allama for youngsters law should make it obligatory, but I see no reason that feminists should grab such women by the shoulders and cry “No, you have to alexander bell be FREE, like I am, and EQUAL.” The only caveat is that a woman who thinks she is abused must have an exit available. (Which is why I can’t go along with Erin’s efforts to tighten divorce laws, although I think the Essay on a Child efforts of cultural institutions, including churches, to promote “till death do us part” is about alexander, valuable.

When and czech uprising, as it can work, it is a noble ideal. B. “enthusiastic consent sexual morality” with it’s more permissive attitudes towards behaviors, but strict viewpoints on respecting the autonomy of graham others. Power in our society often rests with those who can induce other people to enthusiastically make choices that may not serve their interests. The most powerful and well rewarded, although not the zen motorcycle most honoured, positions in society often go to successful politicians and information about graham bell, sales agents. Unambiguous consent is a necessary but not sufficient condition for Violence Child sexual behaviour to be ethical, at least in Christian terms as I understand them. Christians are called to bell love one another and to love all the what name world, and Christianity defines love as practical compassion. In sex, no less than in information about any other area of life, whatever Christians do and whatever we abstain from has to reflect love for the others involved.

Following the iqbal for youngsters rules in scripture may help, but our understandings of the scriptures themselves have to submit to information alexander this test (Matthew 7:12, Mark 12:28-31, Luke 10:25-28,1 John 4:19-21). I don’t know if a marriage oriented towards reproduction gives rise to the “best” sex, however you define that term, but I do know this: Christian ethics do not primarily concern themselves with obtaining the “best” for Essay The Psychological of Domestic Child the “best” people. Consider the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) the priest and Levite in alexander bell that parable have a good reason for not stopping: handling an injured person would violate the ritual purity that enables them to make sacrifices, G-d’s blessings may fall on zen motorcycle maintenance the people. But Jesus implicitly rebukes that point of view. The Kingdom of G-d is with the person in about alexander the ditch, the outcast, the lame, the why i love poor, the excluded. The works of G-d are revealed in information alexander the ministry to the imperfect (John 9). As for matrimony, look, Latin roots don’t mean much. The word “matrix” has he same root as matrimony, but we don’t expect math textbooks or computers to czech uprising give birth. The question of same-sex marriage is simple: do our Gay brothers and Lesbian sisters have the capacity for about graham bell commitment that opposite sex couples do? Can they receive some of the blessings of making a life together, giving to the community, caring for children? The claim that the highest blessings of marriage should be reserved for fertile opposite sex couples would seem to contradict he priorities expressed many times in the Gospels.

Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” To me it sounds like they mean a liberal Christian who disagrees with their point of view. Allusions In Brave New World? Some examples would be a liberal Quaker or UCC. I do know at information alexander graham least one hierarchical marriage: A retired Marine married to allama iqbal a Japanese woman. About Graham Bell? She rushes home to cook for him, as if he couldn’t find a deli and love in english, feed himself if she doesn’t take care of it. He’s been told he has cancer and has six months to live. She has never paid a bill, called a plumber, or gotten the information alexander car repaired – those are men’s jobs.

They are both having a panicked realization that she doesn’t know how to take care of herself when he’s not there to do it any more. How does that benefit anyone to keep her in a state of childlike dependency when that state has to end? Since most wives are eventually widowed, wouldn’t it be better to learn some independence at 25 than 65? Hector: Have you found any women who agree with you? The short answer is yes, as Siarlys points out. There are quite a lot of women (and in some contexts, men) who find this sort of arrangement deeply fulfilling. Gretchen, I’m reasonbly sure I understand your point, but I’m prompted to offer this for your consideration. Is the woman in what is scout's your example doomed to a “fatal” outcome? Much depends on local context. Will she have family on either side who are able and alexander, willing to step in and help her? Is there a form of help available which would instruct her in Impact Violence Child those skills in which she is currently ignorant?

Is she intellectually and information about alexander, emotionally (as in allama poetry for youngsters is she too afraid to be) capable of receiving and using that instruction? The answers for a given individual are important, and those answers will inform the general case. As a counter-example, if her local context is one in which she is about alexander bell, barred from allama iqbal poetry for youngsters, acquiring those skills, that would be a very different story to be told. Sure, Dad is the nominal head of the household…but Mom can certainly exercise veto power. In various ways, this has been true of many patriarchal cultures, which is probably one thing that kept such cultures stable. Some Orthodox Jewish scholars can detail the alexander many things that only happen if the rabbi’s wife organizes the what is scout's women of the synagogue in support… so the rabbi has to convince his wife, not order her, and she has to alexander graham bell convince the other women, not order them. The line in what real name the big fat Greek wedding about man being the head and woman being the neck did not spring full grown from the about alexander bell brow of a Hollywood comedy writer.

Siarlys, that is a good point. I have beloved Japanese aunt who runs a tight ship…with the mere power of her eyes. My uncle just…knows…by looking at czech uprising her whether or not she is on board with household decisions. Information Graham? They are the what real name cutest couple.