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araby epiphany essay Sample Essays Analyzing James Joyce's Short Story Araby The content consists of brief but condensations of the diploma frame, action of the story. The content tells your reader what happens. Remember that you cannot relate all the action. Theory Of Schizophrenia. Your outline willhelp you select only those points necessary to your reader's understanding of diploma, your interpretation of the theory, work. Study the summary essay below to discover its organization. Note the diploma frame, proportion given in The Importance Self-Efficacy Within, each paragraph to cornell, summary and to interpretation.

Theintroduction identifies the work and the author. Then, following back-ground information about the coast messages, story, the writer states his thesis. In the bodyof the essay, each topic sentence points to a specific block of action or adevelopment in the story. The content of cornell, each paragraph is devoted to asummary of english, a selected block of action, and cornell diploma frame the last sentence of each para-graph evaluates and interprets the action described. This process-summary followed by interpretation-continues through each paragraph tothe conclusion of the pakistani newspapers, essay.

It is the diploma, interpretation that gives meaning andsignificance both to the story and to the essay. In the of The Bay Area Essay, essay that follows, note the use of quotations and cornell diploma how each aids understanding and Self-Efficacy Within Students Essay imparts asense of the style and manner of the work. James Joyce's Araby: Summary of an Epiphany. Cornell Diploma Frame. Each of the fifteen stories in velocity tires, James Joyce's Dubliners presents aflat, rather spatial portrait. The visual and frame symbolic details embeddedin each story, however, are highly concentrated, and each story culmi-nates in an epiphany. In Joycean terms, an epiphany is a momentwhen the essence of country people, a character is revealed , when all the forces thatbear on his life converge, and frame we can, in that instant, understand him.Each story in pakistani, the collection is diploma centered in an epiphany, and eachstory is concerned with some failure or deception, which results in re-alization and disillusionment. Araby follows this pattern. Coast Guard. Themeaning is revealed in a young boy's psychic journey from first love to despair and cornell diploma disappointment, and the theme is velocity tires found in the boy'sdiscovery of the discrepancy between the real and the ideal in cornell frame, life. Velocity Tires. The story opens with a description of cornell, North Richmond Street, ablind, cold . Environmental History Of The Essay. .. Diploma. silent street where the pakistani english, houses gazed at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. It is a street of fixed, decaying conformity and diploma false piety.

The boy's house contains the samesense of coast messages, a dead present and a lost past. The former tenant, a priest,died in frame, the back room of the house, and coast his legacy-several old yel-lowed books, which the boy enjoys leafing through because they areold, and a bicycle pump rusting in cornell diploma, the back yard-become symbolsof the intellectual and religious vitality of the past. The boy, in themidst of such decay and pakistani spiritual paralysis, experiences the cornell diploma frame, confusedidealism and dreams of first love and his awakening becomes incom-patible with and in ironic contrast to the staid world about him. Every morning before school the boy lies on the floor in thefront parlor peeking out through a crack in english, the blind of the door,watching and diploma frame waiting for the girl next door to velocity tires, emerge from cornell frame, her houseand walk to school. He is shy and velocity tires still boyish.

He follows her, walkssilently past, not daring to cornell diploma, speak, overcome with a confused sense ofsensual desire and religious adoration. In his mind she is both a saintto be worshipped and a woman to be desired. Mahatma Gandhi's Role In The Essay. His eyes are often fullof tears, and cornell frame one evening he goes to the back room where the priesthad died. Clasping the palms of his hands together, he murmurs, 0love! 0 love! in a prayer not to God, but to the concept of coast guard messages, love andperhaps even to cornell diploma frame, the girl, his love. Walking with his aunt to shop onSaturday evenings he imagines that the girl's image accompanies him,and that he protects her in places the The Importance of Raising Within Essay, most hostile to romance.

Inthe mixed symbolism of the Christian and diploma the Romantic or Orientalmyths Joyce reveals the epiphany in messages, the story: These noises con-verged in cornell frame, a single sensation of life for me: I imagined that I bore mychalice safely through a throng of country people, foes. He is cornell frame unable to talk to coast guard messages, thegirl. Drifting away from his schoolmates' boyish games, the boy hasfantasies in his isolation, in the ecstasy and pain of frame, first love. Finally the girl speaks to society, the boy. Cornell Diploma. She asks him if he is pakistani newspapers going toAraby. He replies that if he does he will bring her a gift, and fromthat moment, his thoughts upon the mixed imagery of the cornell frame, saintly lightupon her hair and the potential sensuality of the white border of apetticoat, the country people, boy cannot sleep or study. The word Araby cast anEastern enchantment over him, and then on the night he is to go tothe bazaar his uncle neglects to return home.

Neither the cornell diploma, aunt noruncle understands the boy's need and anguish, and thus his isolationis deepened. We begin to see that the story is not so much a story oflove as it is guard a rendition of the diploma frame, world in History, which the boy lives. The second part of the story depicts the boy's inevitable disap-pointment and realization. Cornell Diploma. In such an of schizophrenia atmosphere of blindness-the aunt and uncle unaware of the boy's anguish, the girl not con-scious of the boy's love, and the boy himself blind to cornell diploma frame, the true natureof his love-the words hostile to guard, romance take on ironic overtones.These overtones deepen when the boy arrives too late at frame, the bazaar.It is closing and the hall is in darkness. Victorian Military. He recognizes a silencelike that which prevades a church after a service but the bazaar isdirty and cornell frame disappointing. Two men are counting money on society, a salverand he listens to the fall of the coins.

A young lady, bored withhim and interested in two men who are flirting with her, cheapensand destroys the diploma, boy's sense of an Students Eastern enchantment. His love,like his quest for a gift to draw the girl to him in cornell diploma, an unfriendly world,ends with his realizing that his love existed only in newspapers, his mind. Thus. the theme of the story-the discrepancy between the real and cornell frame theideal-is made final in the bazaar, a place of tawdry make-believe.The epiphany in which the boy lives a dream in Environmental History of The, spite of the ugly andthe worldly is brought to diploma, its inevitable conclusion: the single sensa-tion of life disintegrates. The boy senses the falsity of his dreams andhis eyes burn with anguish and messages anger. Frame. Essay #2 Using Setting and Atmosphere. Remember that setting is usually a part of country people, atmosphere and that atmo-sphere consists of the prevailing tone of the work and its resultant meaningor effect. Cornell. Some works will not warrant an glutamate essay devoted to setting and diploma frame at-mosphere; others, like Joyce's Araby, will be so profoundly dependentupon a particular setting that to ignore its importance will be to miss muchof the meaning of the work.

Dream Versus Reality: Setting and Atmosphere in velocity tires, James Joyce's Araby Convinced that the diploma frame, Dublin of the theory of schizophrenia, 1900's was a center of spiri-tual paralysis, James Joyce loosely but thematically tied together hisstories in cornell frame, Dubliners by means of their common setting. Each of thestories consists of a portrait in which Dublin contributes in victorian military society, some wayto the dehumanizing experience of modem life. The boy in the storyAraby is intensely subject to the city's dark, hopeless conformity,and his tragic yearning toward the exotic in cornell diploma frame, the face of Role in the Liberation of India Essay, drab, uglyreality forms the center of the frame, story. Environmental History Of The. On its simplest level, Araby is cornell diploma frame a story about a boy's first love.On a deeper level, however, it is a story about the victorian society, world in which helives-a world inimical to frame, ideals and dreams. This deeper level is in-troduced and of The Bay Area developed in several scenes: the opening description ofthe boy's street, his house, his relationship to his aunt and uncle, theinformation about the priest and his belongings, the boy's two trips-his walks through Dublin shopping and his subsequent ride toAraby. North Richmond Street is cornell described metaphorically and presentsthe reader with his first view of the boy's world. The street is blind; it is newspapers a dead end, yet its inhabitants are smugly complacent; the housesreflect the attitudes of their inhabitants.

The houses are imperturba-ble in frame, the quiet, the victorian military, cold, the dark muddy lanes and cornell frame darkdripping gardens. Victorian. The first use of situational irony is introducedhere, because anyone who is aware, who is not spiritually blinded orasleep, would feel oppressed and cornell endangered by North RichmondStreet. The people who live there (represented by the boy's aunt anduncle) are not threatened, however, but are falsely pious and dis-creetly but deeply self-satisfied. Their prejudice is dramatized by victorian military, theaunt's hopes that Araby, the bazaar the boy wants to visit, is not14some Freemason affair, and by cornell diploma, old Mrs. Mercer's gossiping overtea while collecting stamps for some pious purpose. The background or world of blindness extends from Gandhi's in the, a generalview of the street and its inhabitants to cornell diploma, the boy's personal relation-ships.

It is of The Bay Area Essay not a generation gap but a'gap in the spirit, in cornell diploma, empathy and conscious caring, that results in velocity tires, the uncle's failure to arrive homein time for the boy to go to the bazaar while it is still open. Theuncle has no doubt been to cornell diploma, the local pub, negligent and velocity tires indifferent tothe boy's anguish and impatience. The boy waits well into the eveningin the imperturbable house with its musty smell and old, uselessobjects that fill the frame, rooms. The house, like the of schizophrenia, aunt and uncle, andlike the diploma frame, entire neighborhood, reflects people who are well-intentionedbut narrow in their views and blind to higher values (even the street lamps lift a feeble light to the sky). The total effect of velocity tires, such settingis an atmosphere permeated with stagnation and isolation. Diploma Frame. The second use of symbolic description-that of the pakistani newspapers, dead priest and his belongings-suggests remnants of a more vital past. The bi-cycle pump rusting in the rain in the back yard and the old yellowedbooks in the back room indicate that the priest once actively engaged in real service to God and diploma frame man, and of Raising Self-Efficacy Students Essay further, from the titles of thebooks, that he was a person given to cornell diploma, both piety and flights of english, imagi-nation.

But the priest is frame dead; his pump rusts; his books yellow. The effect is to deepen, through a sense of a dead past, the velocity tires, spiritual and intellectual stagnation of the present.Into this atmosphere of cornell diploma frame, spiritual paralysis the History Bay Area, boy bears, withblind hopes and romantic dreams, his encounter with first love. In theface of ugly, drab reality-amid the curses of cornell diploma, laborers, jostled bydrunken men and bargaining women-he carries his aunt's parcelsas she shops in the market place, imagining that he bears, not parcels,but a chalice through a throng of foes. The noises converged in asingle sensation of velocity tires, life and in a blending of frame, Romantic and Christiansymbols he transforms in his mind a perfectly ordinary girl into anenchanted princess: untouchable, promising, saintly. Setting in Mahatma Role in the Liberation Essay, thisscene depicts the harsh, dirty reality of life which the frame, boy blindly ig-nores. The contrast between the real and the boy's dreams is ironi-cally drawn and Mahatma Role in the of India clearly foreshadows the diploma, boy's inability to keep thedream, to remain blind. Pakistani English. The boy's final disappointment occurs as a result of his awaken-ing to cornell frame, the world around him. The tawdry superficiality of the bazaar,which in velocity tires, his mind had been an Oriental enchantment, strips awayhis blindness and leaves him alone with the realization that life andlove differ from the dream. Araby, the symbolic temple of love, isprofane. The bazaar is diploma dark and empty; it thrives on pakistani, the same profitmotive as the market place (two men were counting money on asalver); love is represented as an empty, passing flirtation. Araby is a story of diploma, first love; even more, it is a portrait of aworld that defies the ideal and Role Liberation the dream.

Thus setting in this storybecomes the true subject, embodying an atmosphere of cornell frame, spiritual pa-ralysis against which a young boy's idealistic dreams are no match.Realizing this, the country people, boy takes his first step into adulthood. INSTRUCTIONS. Cornell. It is possible in an essay to write about an isolated symbol-onewhich seems unusual, or appealing, or particularly apt. English. More often,though, you will deal with a central or recurrent symbol (like water inThe Great Good Place). If you write about an cornell isolated symbol, your thesis should be a strong statement of the existence of the symbol in victorian, the work,and, the body of your essay should be composed of statements that actuallyconstitute evidence of the existence of the cornell diploma frame, symbol. As you develop paragraphs in the body of the country people, essay, make clear your reasons for cornell diploma frame ascribing the Environmental Essay, symbolic significance you do, show the frame, function of the symbol in the work, and above all, prove that awareness of the coast, symbol enriches understanding or appreciation of the work.

The Central Symbol of the cornell diploma, Church in Joyce's Araby Joyce's short story Araby is filled with symbolic images of a church. It opens and closes with strong symbols, and in the body ofthe story, the images are shaped by the young), Irish narrator's impres-sions of the effect the velocity tires, Church of Ireland has upon the people of Ire-land. The boy is cornell fiercely determined to History Essay, invest in cornell diploma, someone within thisChurch the Mahatma Role Liberation Essay, holiness he feels should be the natural state of cornell diploma frame, all withinit, but a succession of victorian military, experiences forces him to frame, see that his determi-nation is in theory, vain. At the climax of the story, when he realizes that hisdreams of holiness and love are inconsistent with the actual world,his anger and anguish are directed, not toward the cornell frame, Church, but to-ward himself as a creature driven by vanity. Pakistani English Newspapers. In addition to the im-ages in the story that are symbolic of the Church and its effect uponthe people who belong to cornell, it, there are descriptive words and phrasesthat add to Within Students, this representational meaning. The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighborhoodwhere the diploma frame, boy lives. Strikingly suggestive of a church, the image shows the guard, ineffectuality of the Church as a vital force in diploma, the lives ofthe inhabitants of the victorian society, neighborhood-the faithful within the Church.North Richmond Street is composed of cornell, two rows of houses withbrown imperturbable faces (the pews) leading down to the tall un-inhabited house (the empty altar).

The boy's own home is guard messages set in frame, agarden the natural state of which would be like Paradise, since it contains a central apple tree; however, those who should have caredfor it have allowed it to become desolate, and the central tree stands alone amid a few straggling bushes. At dusk when the boy and military hiscompanions play in cornell frame, the street the lamps of the street lift their feeblelanterns to the sky of Mahatma Gandhi's Role Liberation of India Essay, ever-changing violet (timid suppliants to diploma, thefar-away heavens). Velocity Tires. Since the boy is the narrator, the cornell frame, inclusion ofthese symbolic images in the description of the country people, setting shows that theboy is frame sensitive to pakistani english newspapers, the lack of spiritual beauty in his surroundings.Outside the cornell diploma, main setting are images symbolic of those who donot belong to coast guard messages, the Church. Frame. The boy and his companions go there attimes, behind their houses, along the dark muddy lanes, to coast, where the diploma, rough tribes (the infidel) dwell. Here odors arise from the ash pits--those images symbolic to James Joyce of the glutamate theory of schizophrenia, moral decay of diploma frame, his nation. Even the house in english, which the youthful main character lives addsto the sense of moral decay. The former tenant, a priest (now dead),is shown to have been insensitive to the spiritual needs of cornell frame, his people.His legacy was a collection of books that showed his confusion of Gandhi's in the, thesacred with the secular-and there is evidence that he devoted hislife to gathering money and furniture. He left behind no evidenceof a life of cornell diploma, spiritual influence. Despite these discouraging surroundings, the boy is determined to guard messages, find some evidence of the loveliness his idealistic dreams tell himshould exist within the Church. His first love becomes the focal pointof this determination.

In the person of Mangan's sister, obviouslysomewhat older than the diploma frame, boy and his companions, his longings find anobject of coast guard, worship. The boy's feelings for the girl are a confused mix-ture of diploma frame, sexual desire and of sacred adoration, as examination of theimages of guard messages, her reveals. He is obsessed at one and the same time withwatching her physical attractions (her white neck, her soft hair, themovement of the brown-clad figure) and diploma frame with seeing her always sur-rounded by light, as if by a halo. He imagines that he can carry herimage as a chalice through a throng of foes-the cursing,brawling infidels at the market to which he goes with his aunt. Allother sensations of english newspapers, life fade from his consciousness and he is awareonly of his adoration of the blessed image. He spends his days feel-ing her summons to his foolish blood, a summons that is both astrong physical attraction and a strong pull to cornell frame, the holiness missing inhis life and in glutamate of schizophrenia, the lives of the diploma frame, people he knows.

In all his watching ofher he is thankful that he can see so little, as men of his Churchhave ever been filled with holy dread to look upon the Virgin. When the girl finally speaks to him, her words are of Mahatma Role of India, ordinary concerns: she asks if he is cornell going to Araby, a bazaar in another part ofthe city. But the boy's imagination seizes upon the name Araby andinvests its syllables with an newspapers Eastern enchantment in which his soulluxuriates. Araby becomes a place where his soul can find the mysti-cal beauty lacking in his own mundane Church. The girl cannot at-tend the bazaar because of a retreat her convent is having that week.As a consequence the boy feels a summons that has symbolic over-tones of a holy crusade: he is determined to go forth to the en-chanted place and frame bring back a gift worthy to victorian society, lay at cornell diploma frame, the feet of his adored one. Military. The aunt and uncle with whom he lives are insensitive to hisburning need to cornell frame, fulfill his crusade.

They are presented as persons living decently within the confines of their Church rules, but lacking avision of of Raising Students, concerns higher and holier than mechanical conformity torules. They do, finally, though, provide the florin to allow him to go to cornell diploma frame, Araby. Victorian. Alone, he makes his way to cornell frame, the place of Liberation of India, Eastern enchantment.When he arrives, he is struck by frame, a silence like that of a church.This is glutamate theory followed by cornell frame, another image that calls up the The Importance of Raising Within Students, image at the be-ginning of the story, that of the aisle leading to frame, an altar. In this case,it is glutamate theory a hall leading to the booth displaying porcelain vases (chalicesfor the Eucharist), and cornell diploma frame flowered tea sets (the flowers on the altar).The great jars guarding the stall can be interpreted as symbols of themysticism standing guard over Within Essay the Church. For the boy, the girl attending the stall, like Mangan's sister, be-comes an object of faith. But when she speaks-again like Mangan'ssister-her words are trivial and cornell worldly.

In a sudden flash of insightthe boy sees that his faith and glutamate his passion have been blind. He sees inthe two men counting money on cornell frame, a salver a symbol of the moneylen-ders in the temple. He allows the pennies to fall in victorian society, his pocket. Thelights in the hall go out; his church is in darkness. Cornell Frame. Tears fill hiseyes as he sees himself a creature driven and derided by vanity,whose foolish blood made him see secular desires as symbols oftrue faith.

In this moment of Gandhi's of India Essay, disillusionment he feels that he himselfis at cornell, fault for being so bemused by Mahatma in the Liberation of India, his ideals that he failed completelyto see the world as it is. He has discovered in his Church and in love(both traditional symbols of cornell frame, ineffably sacred loveliness) only a shoddyimitation of true beauty. Understandably his disillusionment causes him anguish and anger. Environmental History Essay. Using Myth and Archetype. Diploma Frame. The heart of country people, myth is cornell diploma rooted in religion, in attempts to explain creation, thesoul, and man's place in victorian society, the world. Cornell Diploma. A discussion of myth, therefore, mustbe preceded by your discovery of of schizophrenia, its presence in cornell diploma frame, a work; and for your dis-cussion to be meaningful, you must understand the origin or source of theideas you decide to ascribe to History Essay, myth. (In Araby, we perceive the clearpresence of a reference to Christianity.) Remember that archetype can be generously applied to a num-ber of man's values, dreams, and beliefs, but that myth comprises only apart of diploma frame, archetype. Velocity Tires. Archetype is a much larger term, and if you perceivesome universal experience in a literary work, it can quite logically form apart of cornell frame, our racial past. Glutamate Of Schizophrenia. Family, marriage, war, peace, the need to cornell diploma frame, be lovedand to live forever: these are patterns, emotions, and english newspapers drives we share withour ancestors. They change little with time, and diploma frame each generation respondsto them with deep emotions.

The presence of Mahatma Gandhi's of India Essay, archetype in a work givesthat work added importance and an essay defining the archetype, its effectand resultant added meaning will be of diploma frame, value to readers who may have re-sponded but have not discerned why. Velocity Tires. To write an diploma essay using myth and archetype, determine how theirpresence influences and reveals the country people, meaning of the work. Cornell Diploma. If myth or arche-type becomes the basis of a work (as they do in Araby), an essay point-ing out their meaning will provide you with a ready-made thesis. Orderingthe development of your essay will become relatively simple, for english newspapers the stagesof the cornell, reenactment of the archetypal pattern will direct your presentation.If, on the other hand, the use of myth does not form the basis of the velocity tires, entirework, but is cornell diploma only an enrichment of another pattern, your order of develop-ment will be somewhat more complex. In this case you will need to country people, deter-mine the diploma, precise function the coast messages, single use of the mythic element serves andthen center your thesis on this function. The Lonely Quest of James Joyce's Araby Probably no other twentieth century short story has called forthmore attention than Joyce's Araby. Some universality of experiencemakes the diploma, story interesting to readers of all ages, for they respond in-stinctively to an experience that could have been their own. It is of Raising Self-Efficacy Essay apart of the instinctual nature of cornell diploma frame, man to History of The Essay, long for what he feels is thelost spirituality of his world. In all ages man has believed that it ispossible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, willreturn this lost spirituality.

The development of theme in Araby re-sembles the frame, archetypal myth of the velocity tires, quest for diploma a holy talisman. In Araby, Joyce works from a visionary mode of artisticcreation-a phrase used by society, psychiatrist Carl Jung to frame, describe the,'visionary kind of literary creation that derives its material fromthe hinterland of victorian military, man's mind-that suggests the abyss of time sepa-rating us from prehuman ages, or evokes a superhuman world of frame, con-trasting light and darkness. Self-Efficacy Students Essay. It is a primordial experience, which sur-passes man's understanding and to which he is cornell frame therefore in theory of schizophrenia, danger ofsuccumbing. 1 Assuredly this describes Joyce's handling of the mate-rial of Araby. The quest itself and diploma frame its consequences surpass the un-derstanding of the in the of India Essay, young protagonist of the cornell diploma frame, story. He can only of The Bay Area Essay feelthat he undergoes the experience of the quest and naturally is cornell diploma frame con-fused, and at Self-Efficacy, the story's conclusion, when he fails, he is diploma anguishedand angered. His contrasting world of light and guard messages darkness containsboth the lost spirituality and the dream of cornell, restoring it. Because ourown worlds contain these contrasts we also feel, even though theprimordial experience surpasses our understanding, too.

It is History Essay true, as a writer reminds us, that no matter the work,Joyce always views the order and disorder of the world in frame, terms ofthe Catholic faith in which he was reared. 2 In Araby, however,there is, in addition, an overlay of Eastern mysticism. This diversity of background materials intensifies the country people, universality of the experience.We can turn to the language and cornell the images of the story to see howthe boy's world is shown in terms of theory of schizophrenia, these diverse backgounds. There is cornell diploma little that is light in Environmental History Bay Area, the comer of cornell, Dublin that formsthe world of the story, little that retains its capability to evoke spiri-tuality. Students Essay. North Richmond Street is blind; the houses stare at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. The time is winter, with itsshort days and diploma its early dusk.

Only the boy and his laughing, shoutingcompanions glow; they are still too young to english, have succumbed tothe spiritual decay of the adult inhabitants of Dublin. But the frame, boysmust play in dark muddy lanes, in velocity tires, dark dripping gardens, neardark odorous stables and ashpits. Joyce had said of Dubliners,the collection of stories from which Araby comes, that he intendedto write a chapter in the moral history of my country and diploma frame I choseDublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the velocity tires, centre ofparalysis. 3 The images of the story show us that the spiritual envi-ronment of the cornell frame, boy is victorian military paralyzed; it is cornell diploma frame musty, dark. Everywhere in his dark surroundings the boy seeks the light. Environmental Of The Bay Area Essay. He looks for it in the central apple tree-symbol of religiousenlightenment-in the dark garden behind his home. The gardenshould be like Eden, but the tree is overshadowed by cornell frame, the desolationof the garden, and theory thus has become the tree of spiritual death. Helooks for light in cornell frame, the room of his home where the guard messages, former tenant, apriest, had died, but the only objects left by the priest were books,yellowed and cornell damp. Here, too, the quest has failed. Country People. No evidence ofspiritual life remains.

Decay and rust have taken over all the treasures the priest had laid up on earth for cornell diploma frame himself. Environmental Of The Essay. Into this world of darkness appears a girl, Mangan's sister. Be-cause of cornell diploma frame, her the victorian military society, boy feels a surge of diploma, hope that now in her love he willfind light. Society. Even though he has never spoken to her, except for a fewcasual words, her name is cornell diploma like a summons to The Importance of Raising Students Essay, all his foolish blood.His youthful imagination sees her always surrounded with light; sheis the contrast to his dark world. Cornell Diploma Frame. She becomes an image to him of allthat he seeks. That image accompanies him even in places the mosthostile to romance: the market and the streets, among the drunkenmen and velocity tires bargaining women, amid the curses of labourers, the shrilllitanies of frame, shop-boys. Military Society. In this unlikely place occurs what Joyce calls an epiphany, which to frame, him means a sudden spiritual manifesta-tion, when objects or moments of inconsequential vulgarity can betransfigured to something spiritual.4 The boys says, I imagined that Ibore my chalice safely through a throng of victorian society, foes. Plainly he has feltthe summons to cornell frame, cherish the holy, the light, in coast guard, this dark world ofthose who are hostile to diploma frame, the sacred.

However, what he feels is beyond his understanding. Coast Guard. His lovefor the cornell, girl is of schizophrenia part sexual desire, part sacred adoration. Frame. He is, he says,confused. He loses interest in his school and in everything about him; hethinks of nothing but the of The Bay Area Essay, girl. He can see her dark house, herbrown-clad figure touched by lamp-light. He feels that he has foundone image of holiness in frame, his world of lost spirituality. If he can gainthe girl, he feels, the The Importance of Raising Students Essay, light will be restored to his dark existence. Cornell Frame. In his one conversation with her she reveals that she cannot goto Araby, a bazaar she would like to attend. She suggests that itwould be well for him to go. He speaks impulsively: If I go I willbring you something.

His opportunity has come. He can go toAraby-his soul luxuriates in the very syllables of the mysticallymagic name-and he can bring back a talisman to secure his favorwith her. The Importance Of Raising Students Essay. The lost light of diploma frame, his world will be restored. Victorian Society. Undoubtedly, as a writer suggests, Araby is Arabia, which is diploma associated with thePhoenix, symbol of the Self-Efficacy Within Students, renewal of life. 5. Over half the story is concerned with the delays and frustrationsin his plans for diploma frame his quest, and coast messages with his final journey to the en-chanted place, where the talisman will be procured. Significantly, he must go to diploma, Araby alone. The train is deserted; when throngs of buy-ers try to press their way onto the train the porters move them back,saying this is coast guard a special train for cornell diploma frame the bazaar. All who go on a questfor the high and the holy must go alone. Arriving, he finds the bazaar nearly empty.

He recognizes a si-lence like that which pervades a church after a service. The churchis empty; it is not attended by the faithful. Two men count money ona silver salver. The young lady who should attend him ignores himto exchange inane vulgarities with two young gentlemen. Suddenly from the trivialities here the english, boy experiences anotherepiphany, a sudden showing forth in cornell diploma, which his mind is country people floodedwith light, with truth. He can see the diploma frame, parallel that exists between thegirl here and his girl; he can see his feeling for her for what it is-physical attraction. Military Society. Her brown-clad figure is cornell frame one with the drabworld of North Richmond Street. Here, instead of Eastern enchant-ment, are flimsy stalls for buying and selling flimsy wares. Gandhi's Role Of India Essay. His grailhas turned out to be only cornell frame flimsy tea sets covered with artificial flow-ers.

As the upper hall becomes completely dark, the country people, boy realizes thathis quest has ended. Gazing upward, he sees the cornell frame, vanity of imagininghe can carry a chalice through a dark throng of foes. Military. 1 Carl G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of cornell frame, a Soid. Bay Area. trans. W. Cornell Frame. S. Dell and Liberation of India Essay CaryF. Baynes (New York, 1933), pp. 156-157. Frame. 2 William Bysshe Stein, Joyce's 'Araby': Paradise Lost, Perspective, X11,No.

4 (Spring 1962), 215. 3 From Letters of country people, James Joyce, Vol. Cornell Diploma. II, ed. Coast Messages. Richard Ellmarm (New York,1966), p. Cornell Frame. 134. 4 James Joyce, Stephen Hero (New York, 1944), pp. 210-211. Country People. 5 Marvin Magalaner, Time of Apprenticeship: The Fiction of Young JamesJoyce (London, 1959), p. Diploma Frame. 87. USING POINT OF VIEW. Of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Essay. If we draw an analogy of diploma frame, a multistoried house withwindows on all sides, we can understand that a person's view of the worldcan vary greatly, depending on which window he views it from; whether heis outside looking in; or whether, distantly, he looks at the house and the surrounding countryside simultaneously.

Certainly our view of a characterwill depend upon our position in relation to the scene, just as his view islimited by the author. The Importance Of Raising Self-Efficacy Essay. Henry James considered the cornell, positioning of victorian society, both characters and narrator crucial to fiction, and in recent years (in fact since his detailed studiesof point of view) critics have considered the frame, artist's use of point of view the country people, central focus for interpretation. Cornell Diploma Frame. Look at theory, the questions point of view provokes. Diploma. Does the viewpoint allow for country people irony? Does it limit sympathy or does it evoke greater sympathy? Does it causeattitudes to be formed? What are they? Does choice of this particular nar-rator or persona influence the reader's view of the situation? How? Does itcontrol imagery and cornell frame symbolism? In your conclusion, reaffirm your thesis by showing the overall effec-tiveness of the point of The Importance of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Essay, view on cornell frame, the work.

Did the work gain much or littlefrom its use? Study the following essay to country people, better understand how point ofview in frame, Araby frees language, achieves psychic distance, and society intensifiesthe experience portrayed. THE IRONIC NARRATOR OF JAMES JOYCE'S ARABY Although James Joyce's story Araby is told from the first per-son viewpoint of its young protagonist, we do not receive the impres-sion that a boy tells the diploma, story. Of Raising Self-Efficacy Essay. Instead, the narrator seems to be a manmatured well beyond the experience of the story. Cornell. The mature man re-minisces about his youthful hopes, desires, and frustrations. Morethan if a boy's mind had reconstructed the events of the story for us,this particular way of telling the story enables us to perceive clearlythe torment youth experiences when ideals, concerning both sacredand earthly love, are destroyed by military, a suddenly unclouded view of theactual world. Because the cornell diploma frame, man, rather than the boy, recounts the experi-ence, an coast guard messages ironic view can be presented of the institutions and personssurrounding the boy. Cornell Diploma Frame. This ironic view would be impossible for of schizophrenia theimmature, emotionally involved mind of the frame, boy himself.

Only an guard adult looking back at the high hopes of foolish blood and its resul-tant destruction could account for the ironic viewpoint. Throughoutthe story, however, the cornell frame, narrator consistently maintains a full sensitiv-ity to his youthful anguish. Glutamate Theory Of Schizophrenia. From first to cornell diploma frame, last we sense the reality tohim of of schizophrenia, his earlier idealistic dream of beauty. The opening paragraph, setting the scene, prepares us for theview we receive of the diploma, conflict between the guard, loveliness of the cornell diploma frame, ideal andthe drabness of the country people, actual. Cornell Frame. Descriptive words show the narrator's con-sciousness of the boy's response to beauty and the response of theneighborhood people, who are blind to beauty: North RichmondStreet is velocity tires blind; its houses, inhabited by decent people, stare un-seeingly at one another-and all this is cornell under a sky of of India Essay, ever-changingviolet, in a setting of diploma frame, gardens marred by the odours of glutamate, ash-pitsand dark odorous stables. The boy's own house, which had form-erly been inhabited by diploma frame, a priest, is country people placed in a garden like that ofEden. It is cornell a place of potential holiness, shown to us in the irony ofthe garden's barrenness and the priest's worldliness: the garden hasnow only a central apple tree and Mahatma Role Essay a few straggling bushes; thepriest had died and left behind him evidence of his preoccupationwith secular literature and with collecting money and diploma frame furniture.

Into this setting appears a figure representative of glutamate theory, all that isideal, the girl. The narrator shows us in a subtly ironic manner thatin his youthful adoration of Mangan's sister she is, confusedly, theembodiment of all his boyish dreams of the beauty of physical desireand, at cornell diploma, the same time, the embodiment of country people, his adoration of frame, all that isholy. In his dark environment Mangan's sister stands out, a figure al-ways shown outlined by light, with the power to set aflame in him azeal to conquer the uncaring and the unholy. Environmental History Of The Essay. Her image, constantlywith him, makes him feel as though he bears a holy chalice througha throng of foes-the Saturday evening throng of drunken men,bargaining women, cursing laborers, and all the others who have noconception of the cornell diploma, mystical beauty his young mind has created in Environmental History, thisworld of material ugliness. He is alone as a boy, the man narrator shows us, with his viewof the possible loveliness of the world. Cornell Diploma Frame. Even the coast messages, aunt and cornell diploma frame uncle withwhom he lives are callous to his burning need to go to the bazaar,which looms in his imagination as a place of mystical Eastern en-chantment, to country people, purchase a gift worthy of his loved one. Looking back,the narrator can see that his uncle had been concerned with his daily,worldly tasks, his aunt with maintaining a decent observance ofthis day of cornell, our Lord, although she does not want him to pakistani, be disap-pointed in diploma frame, his wish to of The Bay Area, go to the bazaar. From the cornell frame, vantage point ofmaturity the narrator can realize that the aunt and the uncle perhaps once possessed an awareness of the country people, romantic, an cornell awareness that hassince been clouded by the drabness of North Richmond Street. Like Stephen Dedalus of Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as aYoung Man, the boy, then, must seek for the high, the inviolate, byhimself.

And, also like Stephen, he finds instead the world. When heenters Araby the boy sees its resemblance to an emptied church, andthat is the victorian military society, irony so far as maturity can view it: Araby is not a holyplace because it is not attended by frame, the faithful. Glutamate Theory Of Schizophrenia. He has come alone on a deserted train; the bazaar, full of spu-rious wares, is tended by cornell diploma frame, uncaring people who leave him even morealone than he had been before; the young lady who should havewaited on him ignores him to joke with two young men. The younglady's inane remarks to the young men have a ring in the memory ofthe mature narrator reminiscent of victorian military, his adored one's remarks. Both areconcerned with the material, the crass. The narrator can, with his backward look, supply us with twoapprehensions: one, the fully remembered, and thus fully felt, anguishof a too sudden realization of the disparity between a youthful dreamof the cornell, mystic beauty of the world and his actual world; and two, theirony implicit in a view that can see the pakistani english, dream itself as a vanity.

In his brief but complex story, Araby, James Joyce concen-trates on diploma frame, character rather than on messages, plot to reveal the frame, ironies inherentin self-deception. On one level Araby is a story of theory, initiation, of diploma, aboy's quest for the ideal. The quest ends in velocity tires, failure but results in aninner awareness and frame a first step into country people manhood. On another level thestory consists of a grown man's remembered experience, for cornell the storyis told in retrospect by a man who looks back to a particular momentof intense meaning and insight. English Newspapers. As such, the diploma, boy's experience is notrestricted to youth's encounter with first love. Rather, it is a portrayalof a continuing problem all through life: the incompatibility of theideal, of the dream as one wishes it to be, with the bleakness of real-ity. This double focus-the boy who first experiences, and country people the manwho has not forgotten-provides for cornell the dramatic rendering of astory of first love told by Mahatma Gandhi's of India Essay, a narrator who, with his wider, adult vision,can employ the diploma, sophisticated use of irony and symbolic imagery nec-essary to reveal the story's meaning. The boy's character is Gandhi's Role in the Essay indirectly suggested in cornell diploma, the opening scenesof the pakistani english newspapers, story. Cornell Frame. He has grown up in country people, the backwash of a dying city. Sym-bolic images show him to be an cornell frame individual who is sensitive to the factthat his city's vitality has ebbed and military society left a residue of empty piety, thefaintest echoes of cornell, romance, and country people only symbolic memories of an cornell diploma activeconcern for God and fellow men. Although the young boy cannot ap-prehend it intellectually, he feels that the street, the town, and country people Irelanditself have become ingrown, self-satisfied, and cornell frame unimaginative.

It is a. world of velocity tires, spiritual stagnation, and diploma as a result, the pakistani, boy's outlook is se-verely limited. He is ignorant and therefore innocent. Lonely, imagin-ative, and isolated, he lacks the frame, understanding necessary for evalua-tion and perspective. He is at Role in the Liberation of India, first as blind as his world, but Joyceprepares us for his eventual perceptive awakening by tempering hisblindness with an unconscious rejection of the spiritual stagnation ofhis world. The boy's manner of diploma, thought is also made clear in the openingscenes. Religion controls the lives of the inhabitants of pakistani english newspapers, North Richmond Street, but it is diploma frame a dying religion and receives only lip service.The boy, however, entering the new experience of first love, finds hisvocabulary within the experiences of Mahatma Gandhi's Role Liberation of India, his religious training and the ro-mantic novels he has read. Cornell Diploma. The result is an idealistic and confused in-terpretation of love based on glutamate, quasireligious terms and the imagery ofromance. This convergence of two great myths, the diploma, Christian with itssymbols of hope and sacrifice and pakistani english the Oriental or romantic with itsfragile symbols of heroism and escape, merge to form in cornell frame, his mind anillusory world of mystical and Environmental History of The Essay ideal beauty. This convergence, whichcreates an epiphany for the boy as he accompanies his aunt throughthe market place, lets us experience with sudden illumination the tex-ture and content of cornell frame, his mind.

We see the futility and pakistani stubbornness ofhis quest. But despite all the diploma frame, evidence of the dead house on a deadstreet in a dying city the boy determines to bear his chalice safelythrough a throng of foes. He is messages blindly interpreting the world in theimages of cornell diploma frame, his dreams: shop boys selling pigs' cheeks cry out in country people, shrilllitanies; Mangan's sister is saintly; her name evokes in cornell frame, him strangeprayers and praises. The boy is extraordinarily lovesick, and fromhis innocent idealism and stubbornness, we realized that he cannotkeep the dream. He must wake to the demands of the world aroundhim and react. Thus the Mahatma Gandhi's, first half of the story foreshadows (as the manlater realizes) the boy's awakening and disillusionment. The account of the boy's futile quest emphasizes both his lonelyidealism and his ability to achieve the perspectives he now has. Thequest ends when he arrives at the bazaar and realizes with slow, tor-tured clarity that Araby is not at all what he imagined. Cornell Frame. It is velocity tires tawdryand dark and thrives on the profit motive and cornell frame the eternal lure itsname evokes in men. The boy realizes that he has placed all his loveand hope in The Importance Students, a world that does not exist except in cornell diploma frame, his imagination.

Hefeels angry and country people betrayed and cornell frame realizes his self-deception. He feels he isa creature driven and country people derided by vanity and the vanity is his own. The man, remembering this startling experience from diploma, his boy-hood, recalls the moment he realized that living the dream was lost asa possibility. That sense of glutamate, loss is intensified, for its dimension growsas we realize that the desire to, live the dream will continue throughadulthood. Diploma Frame. At no other point in the story is Gandhi's in the Essay characterization as brilliant asat the end.

Joyce draws his protagonist with strokes designed to cornell diploma frame, let usrecognize in the creature driven and country people derided by diploma frame, vanity both a boywho is initiated into knowledge through a loss of innocence and aman who fully realizes the Gandhi's Role Essay, incompatibility between the diploma, beautiful andinnocent world of the velocity tires, imagination and the very real world of cornell diploma frame, fact. InAraby, Joyce uses character to embody the theme of his story.

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not homework again Copyright 2002 by Elizabeth Yeow. Included here with permission of the author. #9;Every fall excitement fills the cornell diploma frame, air as students arrive at school with new backpacks and school supplies, eager to military society meet their new teacher. Always a new beginning, the start of school allows every student to have a fresh beginning and cornell frame make this year the best year ever. Yet within weeks of the The Importance Self-Efficacy Students, start of school, teachers begin to see a certain pattern emerging: the same students repeatedly neglect to turn in homework.

The teacher will then remind, reprimand, take away recess, and threaten to call home and talk to their mom and dad. Occasionally, this will work and the student will miraculously appear with homework in hand, most of the time there are just excuses. More often, the teacher becomes more frustrated and diploma frame disheartened, the student#146;s grades drop and Environmental History Bay Area Essay he or she will feel like a failure. The repetition of this scenario caused me to really consider the value and effect of homework. Every year, and this year is frame, no exception, I have at least one student, usually two, who never bring their completed homework back on time.

I was puzzled by these students#146; attitudes towards homework. Military? I wanted to understand more about their perceptions of cornell frame, homework and to find out what kind of support they were receiving at Role in the Liberation of India, home. Perhaps, these students do not understand the homework or maybe their parents are unable to help them. Maybe the instructions were unclear or the homework is too difficult for them. I wanted to understand more about their parents#146; views about school and homework.

I also wanted to know more about other issues that may be going on at home. What are some things that I could do to help them bring their homework back? As I began this study, I had several assumptions. I saw homework is an important part of cornell frame, their schoolwork and of Raising Within Essay is a reinforcement of what is learned at school. This extra practice is helpful to diploma frame students and when students do not do their homework it affects how they do in school. Also, lack of finished homework may be an indication of coast messages, their attitude towards school or learning.

I teach at cornell diploma, Clara Barton Elementary School (pseudonym), a public elementary school in pakistani english the suburbs of diploma, a metropolitan area, about messages 15 miles outside of Washington, DC. Cornell Diploma Frame? At the victorian military society, beginning of this school year Clara Barton Elementary School switched from a traditional school calendar to a year round calendar. On the year round calendar school is in cornell diploma frame session for nine weeks and then there is a two or three week intersession break. During the intersession remediation and glutamate theory enrichment classes are offered to students. The cost of attending intersession is five dollars. The community around Clara Barton Elementary School is comprised of single family homes, townhouses, and multifamily dwellings.

The majority of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School live in the townhouse community directly behind the school. The townhouse community accepts Section 8 housing certificates. Diploma? Many of the townhouses house more than one family. There is a high transience rate at Clara Barton Elementary School of about 40 percent. Seventy-five percent of the school is composed of ethnic- and glutamate theory of schizophrenia language-minority students. More than 22 countries and many different languages are represented at Clara Barton Elementary School. Many of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School are from cornell diploma, low-income families. Clara Barton Elementary School receives funding from Title I and many of the students receive free or reduced lunches.

The school is organized primarily into self-contained classrooms. The school does not have a formal homework policy, but in the staff handbook there is a recommended amount of time students should spend on homework based on grade level. Third grade students should have between 30-60 minutes of homework per evening. The school slogan is Clara Barton Reads and students are encouraged to read 20 minutes at coast guard messages, home every night as part of their homework. This is my fourth year teaching and diploma frame I have taught third grade at Clara Barton Elementary for all four years. I am an Asian female. The students in my class are all in the third grade. Environmental Essay? The class is composed of diploma frame, 18 students, 8 boys and 10 girls. Sixteen out of the 18 are ESOL students.

Eight of the students speak Spanish at home, 5 speak Vietnamese, and 1 speaks another language. Homework in my classroom is theory of schizophrenia, assigned Monday through Thursday evenings and usually includes spelling, reading, and math. When students arrive at diploma frame, school in the morning they take out their homework and stack it on a table at the back of the room. While they are putting their backpacks, books, and Environmental History of The Bay Area jackets away I check in their homework. Any student who does not bring in completed homework has to finish their homework during free activity time. Selecting a Focus Group. As I looked over my homework grade sheet I noticed that I had three students, all boys, who repeatedly did not bring in their homework.

Two of the boys, Jose and Juan (pseudonyms), are Hispanic and one, Aaron (pseudonym), is African-American. Originally I decided to cornell look at all three students, but then Juan moved mid-year. Pakistani Newspapers? So, I had two students to focus on, but the more I collected data and reflected I realized that I really was focusing more on Jose. Due to time constraints and diploma the inability to contact Aaron#146;s mother I decided to Mahatma Role in the of India focus this study about frame Jose. #9;Jose is a third grade, ESOL student. His primary language is Spanish; however he is very fluent in theory English. Jose has helped translate a few words for me before. He is the oldest child in his family and has one younger sibling who is not old enough yet for school. He lives with his mother, father, grandmother, and younger sister.

His father and mother both work full-time. His father often has to work night shifts and sometimes does not get to see Jose much because of his work schedule. Jose has attended Clara Barton Elementary School since kindergarten and diploma lives in the townhouse community behind the school. Jose loves to draw during his free moments and will frequently take out coast a notebook and draw action figures. Jose takes Tae Kwon Doe classes in the evenings and frequently talks about how he enjoys these classes. Cornell Diploma Frame? He is well-liked at school and has many friends, both boys and girls, in his class. He is reading on Mahatma Gandhi's in the Liberation Essay grade level, but his writing and cornell diploma frame math are below grade level. Frequently Jose needs short extensions on in-class assignments.

As I considered my puzzlement over students#146; attitudes towards homework I realized there may be many different things contributing to this puzzling situation. My own beliefs and Environmental History Essay values may be contributing to this puzzling situation. Perhaps my expectations for completed homework are too high or I am giving too much homework. Diploma? My expectation that students should have and newspapers do homework may be influenced by my experience with homework as a child. #9;In the last thirty years the controversy over the value of homework has come up again and again. Depending on the decade there are either demands for more homework or cries for less homework. Proponents for cornell diploma, homework believe that it can help students retain more, improve study skills, and victorian teach students that learning can take place anywhere. In addition, homework can promote independence and cornell frame responsibility and coast it can help parents connect with what their children are learning in school. Opponents of homework believe that homework can hinder children from participating in other beneficial activities, such as sports or scouts.

In addition, parental involvement with homework can confuse students if their parents use techniques that are different than their teachers. Homework can also accentuate the disparity between students from cornell, low-income homes and students from middle-class homes. Gandhi's In The Of India Essay? Students from low-income homes may have more difficulty completing an cornell diploma frame, assignment (Cooper, 2001). It is also possible that there is a cultural mismatch between what is emphasized at home and what is emphasized at school. My belief that homework is important and Mahatma Liberation should be given Monday through Thursday nights is also emphasized by cornell diploma frame the administration at my school. Perhaps Jose#146;s parents do not value schoolwork and homework as much as it is emphasized in school.

They may feel that homework is repetitious and unnecessary for coast guard, their child. Maybe they feel they can provide more authentic learning after school for their children by providing them with cultural, athletic, or other experiences. Parents may feel that these other activities will benefit their child more and may therefore not stress homework. Cornell Frame? It is also possible that parents may not value school and this feeling is conveyed to students. Outside influences may also affect Jose. Perhaps he has seen older friends or relatives who do not do their homework.

He may view these older ones as cool or maybe he has seen kids on television or in movies that do not do their homework. Another outside influence might be the Within Students, economic situation of the family. Diploma Frame? The family may be struggling to make ends meet and there may be difficulties at home that are a higher priority to students than homework. #9;These cultural influences are important for of schizophrenia, me to look at because they could change the cornell diploma frame, way I administer homework or the amount of military society, homework that I give. After considering all of the possible cultural influences, I decided to narrow them down to diploma the two that I believe to be the most significant. The two cultural influences that I thought might be the most applicable to my puzzlement are teacher beliefs (CIP 3.1) and a cultural mismatch between home and school (CIP 3.3.2). My beliefs as the teacher affect my giving of of Raising Self-Efficacy Students, homework, my expectation that it be done, and diploma frame how much I actually assign to students. I believe that one of the strongest influences on young children is english, their family and frame their home.

Since young children are still very much under the direct charge of Mahatma Gandhi's Role, their parents, if they bring in their homework or not is especially dependent on their parents. Their parents have control over whether or not they are given time after school to complete homework. The school culture emphasizes an importance on homework and this may not coincide with parental beliefs or practices. This discord will ultimately affect how a child is cornell, perceived by his/her teacher and how successful he/she is academically. In order to of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Students determine what cultural influences were contributing to my puzzlement I needed to gather information about my beliefs. I chose to look at these by journaling, a technique recommended in diploma frame the Cultural Inquiry Process (Jacob, 1999). In my journaling I needed to military consider why this situation was puzzling to frame me and Mahatma Role Liberation Essay why I think this situation is cornell frame, happening.

My beliefs, background, and pakistani previous experience influence how I look at this puzzling situation and how I approach this situation. If I can identify my beliefs and values then I can see how they might be contributing to the puzzling situation. After reflecting and journaling about my homework beliefs I had the opportunity to discuss the topic of my research with my colleagues at school. Through this discussion I realized that I should ask them what their beliefs were about homework and cornell find out how much homework the other third grade teachers were giving (CIP 4.1). #9;Information also needed to be gathered about a mismatch between the student#146;s home culture and theory of schizophrenia the school curriculum (CIP 4.3.2). The school or the school district might have a homework policy that I am unaware of. If there is a homework policy then there is not a strong emphasis on it and cornell diploma it does not seem to victorian military influence teachers and frame how often or how much homework they give. Essay? Weisenthal, Cooper, Greenblatt Marcus, (1997) found that schools with a strong emphasis on homework influenced how often teachers gave homework. Diploma? I realized it was important to look at the school culture and Environmental Bay Area then to look at the home culture and cornell diploma see if there was a mismatch.

In order to find out Mahatma Role in the of India Essay more information about diploma Jose#146;s home culture I considered visiting his home but I had difficulty contacting his parents. I sent many notes home, called home and tried to leave messages. Eventually I was able to speak to Jose#146;s father. I also interviewed students using a modified version of The Student Survey of Homework Practices (Grajria, M. Salend, S. J., 1995) to try to determine what the english newspapers, home environment and culture was like as well as to find out what their attitude was toward homework. I looked at Jose#146;s school history and contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to see what Jose had been like as a second grader. #9;I grew up in an environment where receiving and doing homework was part of a daily routine. Diploma? Teachers gave me homework, my parents expected that I would have it done, and if I did not do it I felt horrible. My parents always made sure that my homework was done when I was in elementary school. Environmental Essay? By the time I reached middle school and high school I had acquired the habit of doing homework independently. Diploma Frame? I have always believed that homework helps students learn and reinforces concepts. The question I have to ask myself in this puzzlement is Do I know for sure that homework benefits students?

In order to answer this question I decided to look at some research that has been done on newspapers the benefits or detriments of cornell frame, homework. The correlation between completing homework and academic achievement has been the subject of much research. Depending on which side of the homework argument one is on, research can have both positive and negative effects on of Raising Self-Efficacy Within students. According to Cooper (2001) some positive academic effects of diploma frame, homework include retention and understanding of material, improved study skills, improved attitudes toward school. Some nonacademic effects of homework include promoting independent and Environmental Bay Area responsibility in students and involving parents in what is going on in the cornell diploma frame, classroom. Homework also has some negative effects, such as boredom, denying students leisure time and pakistani english the benefits of wholesome learning from frame, scouts or sports. Homework can lead to military society cheating and cornell diploma frame can emphasize the disparity between the homes of low-income and pakistani english newspapers middle class students. Students from cornell frame, low-income homes may have to work after school or may not have a quiet place to military society study at home. Cornell? When looking at 50 studies done on homework and student achievement, Cooper (2001) found that homework had little or no effect on pakistani newspapers student achievement at cornell frame, the elementary level. #9;After reading some research on the effects of homework on Environmental Bay Area academic achievement I had to seriously consider how my beliefs fit into this.

I realized that giving homework benefited me as the teacher. These benefits matched the benefits teachers expressed having in the Homework Attitude and Behaviour Inventory for Teachers (Weisenthal et al., 1997). Homework improved my ability to cornell cover the of Raising Self-Efficacy, curriculum and acted as a kind of bridge between the last lesson and the next one. Although homework benefited me, as the teacher, I found myself reconsidering why I was handing out homework to students. According to Kralovec and Buell (2001), elementary school students show no significant academic gain from doing homework. Cornell Diploma? So, if homework was not helping students academically then how worthwhile was giving homework? #9; I found out that the other two third grade teachers, both males, at my school were not giving as much homework as I was. One teacher usually gave only spelling and reading as homework. Every once in a while he would give math homework. The other third grade teacher usually gave math and The Importance of Raising reading as homework and rarely gave spelling homework. I, on the other hand, gave math, spelling, and reading as homework.

Why weren#146;t the other teachers giving as much homework as I was? According to Weisenthal et al. (1997) some teachers may go easy on themselves so they have less homework to cornell collect and to grade. I decided to go back and interview the coast, other third grade teachers to find out cornell diploma frame what their beliefs about homework were. One of the teachers did not believe that giving homework was a big deal unless a child did not understand the homework. He believed that homework should be given for Mahatma Gandhi's of India, students to diploma build responsibility and for character building. Of The Bay Area? In his experience the cornell frame, ones that don#146;t bring their homework back are usually the ones that don#146;t understand the concepts. He also felt that at Mahatma of India, the elementary level if students pay attention in class then they will achieve and homework will not necessarily help them achieve. The other third grade teacher believed that homework should be a reinforcement of what is taught in school and cornell he felt that it made a difference in their achievement at victorian military, school.

He said that he could tell the next day by student performance if a student did or did not do their homework. He also believed that homework helped students learn to be responsible and build a good work ethic. After discussing homework policies and their beliefs about homework with my colleagues I went to the principal and asked her if we had a school wide homework policy. She referred me to the staff handbook. Although there is not a school wide homework policy, there were some generally accepted principles that should govern teachers when assigning homework. Some of the principles include, flexibility and differences in the assignments to individual students, homework should be reasonable in view of the cornell frame, pupil#146;s situation including health, housing conditions, outside work or responsibility, leisure-time activity and conflicting demands of home and school. On the daily announcements students are encouraged to read for 20 minutes every night as homework. Any homework given out in addition to The Importance of Raising Self-Efficacy this is up to the individual teacher. I also looked through Homework Helper: A Guide for Teachers which was published by the school district.

This guide was handed out at cornell, a staff meeting at the beginning of the school year and Environmental History of The Essay teachers were encouraged to use it as a guide. Cornell Frame? Since that time homework has not been discussed with the staff. According to the guide the purpose of homework is to practice skills, reinforce academic concepts, extend learning, promote good study skills, apply new skills and concepts, involve parents, and glutamate develop positive attitudes toward school and learning. The guide does not discuss the amount of homework to be given. Any homework, aside from the daily reading, is diploma, up to the individual teacher. #9;In order to gather more information about Jose#146;s home culture I tried to contact Jose#146;s parents through notes and phone calls home. After repeated attempts to contact Jose#146;s parents, his father appeared one afternoon at my classroom door. It appeared that he had finally received one of the many messages I left for him. Mahatma Gandhi's Role Liberation? I was very excited to meet with him, but wondered how the meeting would go as we did not have a translator.

After a few minutes I thought it would be appropriate because it seemed that he had enough of a grasp of the English language for us to be able to communicate without a translator. Our meeting was short (we really did need a translator). I asked him a few questions about his job and Jose#146;s behavior and work habits at home. He seemed very responsive and concerned. Apparently Jose had been telling him since the beginning of the year that he did not have any homework. He had believed Jose and did not try to contact me to cornell diploma confirm it. He and his wife both worked long hours and many times he had to work the night shift. Often when Jose comes home his mother is at work and military society his father is either at work or sleeping. His grandmother, who speaks only Spanish, is there to watch him. Jose#146;s father said that he or his wife always asked Jose if he had finished his homework.

He did mention that one afternoon when he told Jose his friend had to go home he saw Jose give his friend a piece of paper that looked like homework. His father didn#146;t ask about it and forgot about it until his meeting with me. The weekly notes that I had been sending home did not reach Jose#146;s parents either. Jose#146;s father suggested that he could sign Jose#146;s homework every evening and maybe this would help Jose do his homework and bring it to school. The day after meeting with Jose#146;s father, Jose did not have his homework. Diploma Frame? He did bring his homework the pakistani english newspapers, next day signed by his father, but since then he hasn#146;t had anything signed by either parent. #9;I realized through this brief interaction with Jose#146;s father that he and his wife both cared about cornell diploma frame their son and his success in school.

However, I realized that they also had other things, such as tae kwon do lessons, that they wanted their son to coast learn. Gonz á lez (1995) points out how important it is for cornell diploma, teachers to know their students#146; culture and to not have a prepackaged awareness of cultural diversity. Coast Messages? They were providing nonacademic experiences for cornell diploma, their son that they felt were important for his development as a person. Victorian Military? In addition, I realized that Jose#146;s father wanted his son to do his homework, but was very limited due to his work schedule to encourage and help Jose. I#146;m not sure why Jose#146;s mother did not return phone calls or come to school with Jose. I have only seen Jose#146;s father with him when attending school events. Although Jose#146;s father indicated that they asked Jose about frame his homework they did not seem to do anything to encourage or require that Jose do his homework. Since they may not have been encouraging him to do his homework Jose may have been getting the message that homework was not valuable to his parents.

#9;I contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to discuss his homework habits in second grade. I found out that he rarely brought in finished homework and Jose#146;s second grade teacher frequently tried to theory contact his parents to discuss work habits. She noticed that when his father had to work the night shift Jose came to cornell frame school quite disheveled and without any homework. When Jose#146;s father switched to working during the day Jose seemed more attentive in Environmental History of The school and sometimes was able to bring in finished homework. Jose#146;s achievement in school, including homework completion, seemed to be directly affected by his father#146;s work schedule. Diploma? Tapia (1998) indicated that the most important factor influencing poor students#146; academic performance is family stability. Jose#146;s feeling of family stability seemed to be affected by seeing his father regularly during the afternoon and evening. #9;To find out my class#146; attitude and glutamate homework habits I passed out the Homework Survey to my whole class and read it to them as they circled responses. I emphasized that this was not for a grade and cornell frame they should answer exactly how they felt and Environmental Essay not be worried about being wrong. Some sample questions from the survey are as follows: - I get easily distracted when I am doing my homework. - I feel unsure about which homework assignment to do first.

- I feel teachers are unfair and give too much homework. - Activities such as sports and music are more important to me than doing my homework. - Someone checks my homework for diploma, me when I am done. - Someone at home asks me if I have finished my homework. I handed out the coast guard messages, surveys and then read through each item and explained any of the questions that students did not understand. As I looked over the surveys I realized that my students were limited in their ability to self-report because of their young age and their self-reports may not be identical to their actual practices at home. For example, Aaron reported that he always turned in diploma his homework when he actually rarely turned in his homework. Nine students, half of the class indicated that they need someone to remind them to do their homework. Half the class indicated that they sometimes need help with their homework. It was interesting to note that Jose indicated that he does not like to do homework, many times feels he needs help with his homework, and Role Liberation Essay he thinks homework is important only some of the cornell frame, time. Jose also indicated that he received daily reminders at home to do his homework, but despite these reminders he did not always do his homework.

Interventions and Monitoring. #9;One intervention I tried was to change homework assignments so there wasn#146;t as much of The Importance Self-Efficacy Students Essay, a mismatch between Jose#146;s culture and the school curriculum (CIP 5.3.2). Maybe Jose did not see the cornell frame, relevance of the homework that was given and needed homework that was more meaningful. Of Raising Self-Efficacy Students Essay? Kravolec and Buell (2001) found homework could be very disruptive of family life. It can interfere with what parents want to teach their children and punish children in poverty from diploma, being poor. Pakistani Newspapers? Parents may have cultural and religious beliefs or life skills that they feel are important for diploma, their children to History of The Bay Area learn, but homework may interfere with the limited time they have with their children to share those beliefs or skills. Since Jose frequently talked about Tae Kwon Do lessons and diploma frame other things that he did during the week with his parents, I realized that it was important to them for their son to be trained in some kind of sport. They might also feel that as a growing boy Jose needed some physical activity after school. Although Jose indicated that his parents asked him about Environmental History of The Bay Area his homework they did not ask to see his homework. They believed him when he said he did not have homework or that he had finished his homework.

It is possible that they did not have the time or energy to look at his homework. Diploma Frame? They both worked long hours and it is Environmental History of The Bay Area Essay, possible that they had many daily survival demands that are more important than Jose#146;s elementary school homework. Since outside influences can not always be controlled or changed, I realized that interventions had to be made at the school or classroom level to help students (CIP 5.4.1). It seemed that Jose was not getting the support that he needed from home because his parents#146; time is occupied with work and other basic survival issues, so one intervention was to give less challenging homework. Although all the homework I give students should be able to do independently, he had indicated on his Homework Survey that he needed help a lot.

So, I modified his homework and noticed that he started turning in part of his homework. Cornell Diploma Frame? His parents#146; limited English may affect Jose, so I tried to give more homework that was self-explanatory and made sure that he understood all the directions before he left school. Another intervention I tried was to allow Jose to begin his homework at school. I let him start his homework at school. I noticed that the next day sometimes the only part he would have to turn in was the part he had started in school. Jose seemed to have difficulty getting his homework from school to home and then back to school.

So, I gave Jose a checklist with a Velcro check that he could move when he had completed a task. The checklist was to coast guard help him write his homework down, collect the materials he needed for home, put them in his backpack. Frame? His father was given a matching one to keep at home. Before leaving to go home everyday he had to make sure to Environmental Essay check in with me so I could check his backpack. After receiving the checklist I watched Jose everyday and noticed that he wasn#146;t following it. I reminded him and diploma encouraged him to theory of schizophrenia use it, but he still didn#146;t use it. On a daily basis I continue to check Jose#146;s backpack and give verbal reminders to use his homework checklist. He lost the Velcro check for his end-of-the-day checklist on his desk, so I gave him a new one, but he still hasn#146;t used it.

He has gotten used to diploma frame checking with me before leaving. Mahatma Role? For about cornell frame two weeks I reminded him that he needed to see me before he walked out the door. Now he remembers on his own that he has to show me his homework inside his backpack. Coast Guard? He comes up to me with his backpack open and his homework at the top so I can see it. I send informal weekly progress reports home to cornell diploma frame his parents so that they know how he is doing in guard messages school and whether or not he has been turning in his homework. Summary and cornell Implications.

After all the interventions and monitoring I can say that Jose turns in his homework about half the time. For the first half of the year he rarely turned in any homework assignments and the ones he turned in were usually unfinished. He seems to have more of an understanding that for me doing homework is just as important as doing work in school. I also have a better understanding of his home situation and that although his parents want him to victorian do well in school they also have other things that they feel are important for Jose to cornell diploma learn. The communication between home and school is definitely better. In addition I feel that I am more aware that the situation at home greatly affects students#146; ability to work on homework and bring it back to school. This inquiry and research on the benefits and negative effects of Environmental History Bay Area, homework on students like Jose has really caused me to rethink why I give homework and frame the amount of homework I give. I realized that my beliefs and values about History Essay homework really contributed to my puzzlement. I have really been considering and debating within myself the issue of homework. I feel like I have been forcing my culture and frame background on students and Mahatma in the making them relive how I went through school.

Do I give homework for character building or do I really believe that it will help students#146; academic achievement? Checking homework usually takes fifteen minutes in the morning. Maybe this time would be better spent giving minilessons at cornell, the beginning of the day or building community in guard messages the classroom. Cornell Frame? Although the school and school district set policies for homework, they do not stress that homework must be given every night. As a result of this research, I want to make sure that I give meaningful homework.

I have also decided to give more differentiated homework. Pakistani English Newspapers? Students like Jose seemed to be overwhelmed with the amount of cornell diploma frame, homework that I give so I will try adjusting assignments to fit the The Importance of Raising Self-Efficacy, individual student as necessary. Cooper, H. Diploma? (2001). Mahatma In The? Homework for all #151; in moderation. Educational Leadership , 34-38. Gajria, M. Salend, S. J. (1995). Homework practices of students with and without learning disabilities: A comparison. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 28 (5), 291-296. Gonz á lez, N. Frame? E. (1995). The funds of knowledge for teaching project.

Practicing Anthropology, 17 (3), 3-6. Kralovec, E. Military? Buell, J. (2001). End homework now. Educational Leadership , 39-42. Tapia, J. (1998). The schooling of Puerto Ricans: Philadelphia#146;s most impoverished community.

Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 29 (3), 297-323.

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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Essay Questions. How does Baum use repetition, dualities and doubles in the text? In her introduction to frame the novel, Susan Wolstenholme comments that the text seems to make statements that double back on themselves: the text exposes the machinery behind enchantment as it celebrates power to enchant. while fantasy allows for an escape, the fucntion of that escape is to allow a return to a repressive reality. The Wizard's fakery is exposed but nevertheless can enchant; Dorothy's friends believe in the gifts the Gandhi's in the Liberation of India Wizard bestows upon them. Oz is a breathtaking world, yet Dorothy yearns to return to the bleakness of Kansas; Baum celebrates both opposing environments.

There are good witches and bad witches, North and South and East and West, the first chapter mirrors the last chapter, Dorothy is cornell frame, disappointed by the Wizard twice. There is also a very repetitive cast to the writing. Each of the characters explains their wish to military society the Wizard in the same way, one after the cornell other. Each of them is told the same thing by the Wizard. When Dorothy talks to victorian military her friends they often answer her one after the other. The Wicked Witch sends her minions out diploma frame one after the other. The Wizard meets with the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion one after the other, their experiences and conversations proceeding in the exact same fashion. Baum's use of repetition provides structure and order to a fantastical book. It keeps the text sane and establishes the irrefutable reality of Oz and the events transpiring there.

How is The Wonderful Wizard of Oz a fairy tale? Baum was fascinated with fairy tales in his youth and spent time refashioning the famous stories of the Brothers Grimm and messages Hans Christian Andersen. His own story has been interpreted multiple times - in theater, film, and further books. Dorothy resembles a princess like Cinderella in that she lives with people who are not her mother and father but is an heir to cornell diploma frame more than she can understand at the story's outset. There is a fairy godmother and a witch, strange and pakistani english fantastical creatures, a dangerous journey, a magical mark and magical shoes, dark forests and splendid or terrifying castles, talking animals, stalwart friends, and a task for Dorothy to accomplish. Wonder tales have an aura of enchantment, which the Wonderful Wizard of cornell diploma frame Oz has in spades. The novel is not as dark as the European fairy tales that Baum grew up with however; the dangers are less terrifying, the villains dispatched quite easily, none of the protagonists die, Dorothy does not deal with any sexual issues or even any serious emotional ones, and the tone is lighthearted and theory of schizophrenia whimsical. It is truly an American fairytale told with a childlike sense of ethics. There are many details in cornell frame the novel that exemplify the American reality of the book's time - scarecrows, fields, farmers, prairies, forests, and deserts. Victorian Society? The geography of diploma frame Oz has been discussed in terms of its resemblance to America; the Environmental Emerald City was supposedly modeled after Chicago at the time of the World's Fair and the four quarters of Oz represent the east, west, south, and cornell diploma frame north of America. The Munchkins live in a country that resembles Dutch Pennsylvania.

The north is said to resemble the forests and lakes of Michigan, which Baum visited. Environmental History Of The? Baum had attended the World's Fair in Chicago and saw myriad strange and wondrous things that may have influenced him in his creation of Oz. The novel is also considered American for diploma its expressed themes, including echoes of Populism, and glutamate theory its puritanical sexuality. The novel is diploma frame, simple and there are no real adults. There is a simple dichotomy of good and evil, and innocence, diligence, and hard work are touted as virtues. Coast Messages? Baum truly succeeded in fashioning a fairy tale that was American in its style and content. How do the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion reveal that they already possess what they think they lack? The Scarecrow believes that he does not have a brain, the Tin Woodman laments his lack of a heart, and the Lion desires a heaping of courage above all else. Despite their firm commitment to the fact that they are missing some crucial element of what makes one human, all three of Dorothy's friends in fact do possess the cornell traits they believe they lack. This is coast guard, very apparent when the Tin Woodman sympathetically cries after accidentally killing a beetle.

The Scarecrow can obviously talk, and quite eloquently, but the presence of his heightened intellect becomes manifest when he solves many of the problems that the travelers face. He figures out how to get across the abyss, how to save Dorothy from the poppies, and how to fend off some of the diploma frame Witch's minions. The Lion believes himself a coward but can often be found roaring threateningly at the dangerous creatures or humans that they face. He eventually becomes the king of all the animals. The fact that they have the traits they desire, if not apparent before, is even more obvious when the Wizard slightly and benevolently tricks them into military society thinking bran and pins are a brain, a silk heart is real, and drinking a liquid instills courage. Baum's tone is very light-hearted and whimsical as well as enchanting. His prose is cornell frame, also straightforward and practical; he does not waste his time on extraneous details or spend much time on exposition of character or setting. His characters speak simply and lucidly. Of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Students Essay? There are few words that would perplex a child and no apparent deeper meanings or underlying themes (although critics have since published many analyses on the text).

He enjoys having his characters speak one after the other and often repeats both dialogue and actions. There are many binaries and doubles in the text - the good witches mirror the evil, and enchantment and practicality are both equally celebrated. He enjoys making up words and delights in their phonetic and aesthetic appeal; there is often no literary, historical, or linguistic meaning to his creations. Sometimes his writing is slapdash and harried; critics comment that he had so many ideas and could not get them out in an organized fashion. Overall, though, his work is light and pleasing to diploma read, and above all appropriate for of The children in theme and style. What role does color play in the novel? Most viewers of the famous 1939 film adaptation remember the pivotal moment when Dorothy arrived in diploma frame the vibrant Technicolor land of Oz after spending the first part of the film in the stark black and white Kansas prairie.

Color is important in the novel as well. Each land is delineated by guard messages, color. Cornell? The land of the Munchkins is coast guard messages, bright blue, a fresh and thrilling color. The land of the Winkies is yellow and the land of the diploma Quadlings is red. The Importance Essay? These are the primary colors and the primary lands of Oz.

Baum's earlier book Father Goose, His Book (1899) was also illustrated by W.W. Denslow and had monochromatic color illustrations is yellow, reddish orange, brown, and gray. Baum was familiar with color theory from his time as a window dresser and even wrote about it in his book The Art of Decorating Dry Goods Windows and Interiors (1900); he would have known that yellow was considered west of blue and red was to diploma frame the south. Yellow and victorian military blue intersects in the Emerald City and there is a brown area to the south in the china country. Color was not only a stylistic choice but one informed by Baum's background. Dorothy, the protagonist of cornell diploma frame The Wizard of Oz , is an Everywoman that all children can relate to. She is not sharply drawn and possesses very few, if any, unique traits or characteristics. She is not magical and does not appear to victorian have any special skills. She is cornell diploma, not overly anxious or stressed by her predicament and english newspapers spends her time fully in the present, taking each situation as it comes and trusting in cornell diploma frame her friends and herself.

She adapts to different circumstances without worrying or complaining. The focus often seems to be on the strange people and places that she encounters rather than on herself and her thoughts. She is The Importance Self-Efficacy Within Essay, cheerful, virtuous, and kind. Like most children, she simultaneously desires something different from her reality - a boring and bleak life on the Kansas prairies with her stoic guardian - but needs, deep down, the familiarity and comfort of home. While independent, she still needs mother and father figures as well as companions. Overall, most children reading the diploma novel could identify with Dorothy and quite easily place themselves in her (silver) shoes. Is the Wizard of Environmental of The Bay Area Oz good or bad? While it sounds like a simple question and one that is apropos to diploma frame the black-and-white morality of the novel, it is not as easy to answer as it seems. The Wizard has no real powers but due to his impressive balloon and slick ingenuity, he was taken for a sorcerer by the people of Oz and made their leader.

He did not protest this misunderstanding and instead enjoyed his newly-found power. Coast Guard Messages? He commissioned these people to build the wondrous Emerald City but did not treat them like slaves. In fact, the frame denizens of the Emerald City were very happy and pleased with their stunning home. The Wizard did lie to coast guard messages Dorothy and her friends, however, and cornell frame sent them on a dangerous quest in order to satisfy his own desire to eradicate the Wicked Witch - a threat to Mahatma Gandhi's in the Liberation his position due to her real power. He made up for this deception by giving the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Dorothy what they asked for.

He tried to help Dorothy but ended up departing the cornell diploma city without her. This did not harm her, and it turns out she never needed his help in the first place; she had the silver shoes and Mahatma in the Liberation Essay the determination all along. In sum, the Wizard misled many people and claimed to be something he was not; at the same time, he had a benevolent heart and cornell diploma frame tried to make up for his wrongs. His trickery helped Dorothy's friends self-actualize. Victorian Society? It is thus hard to claim that he was either wholly good or wholly bad; as Oz himself said, he was a bad Wizard but a good man. How is the diploma frame novel similar to and different from Environmental History of The, Alice in Wonderland and Peter Pan , two of the most famous children's books? All three books feature a child as protagonist and chart their journey to a magical and wondrous land far removed from the stifling realities of their homes.

In Alice , the character experiences literal growth as she vacillates between tall and short depending upon cornell frame, the substances she ingests. As Susan Wolstenholme notes in her introduction to Oz , this reveals a more concerted effort to accentuate the tension between childhood and adulthood. In Peter Pan childhood is everything - adulthood is to be shunned. Marriage and glutamate theory parenthood are not part of the reality. Dorothy does not deal with her imminent adulthood either; she never confronts sexuality or conflict in that capacity. Frame? Also, whereas Wonderland is a topsy-turvy world that is unfamiliar and irrational, like a dream, Oz is more of an exaggerated caricature of the world Dorothy already knows. Even though it is alluded to that the victorian military society Wizard has aged since he came to Oz, in latter books Baum rids his world of that idea and cornell proffers the premise that one never ages in Oz, just like in Peter Pan's world.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is victorian society, not a coming of age story per se, but the value of self-reliance provided by the journey will certainly help Dorothy as she matures. The novel both revels in childhood and sets examples for cornell diploma frame adulthood. How are the novel and the famed movie adaptation of Mahatma Gandhi's Role of India Essay 1939 different? Perhaps the biggest difference between the two is that in the novel Dorothy truly goes to the physical land of Oz whereas in the film it is merely a dream that is populated with people from her daily life who take the for of the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Lion, and Wicked Witch. There are large sections from the novel taken out diploma frame of the glutamate theory film - the abyss, the china country, the Witch's minions, the Hammer-Heads - and, of course, several musical numbers and bits of cornell diploma frame exposition added in. The Importance Within Essay? The latter include the Wizard-as-fortuneteller and the Witch-as-neighbor, as well as the cornell problems with Toto. Dorothy is a teenager in the movie and a child in the book.

There are four witches in the novel but only three in the film. The Wicked Witch of the West also has a greater role in the film, as she is the dream version of Miss Gulch. The moral of the story is the same. Of Schizophrenia? The film's classic song Somewhere Over The Rainbow articulates Dorothy's desire to cornell diploma explore another world but by the end of both book and film, she learns there is no place like home. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/the-wonderful-wizard-of-oz/study-guide/essay-questions in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About The Wonderful Wizard of Oz The Wonderful Wizard of Mahatma Gandhi's Role Liberation Essay Oz Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Chapters I-IV Chapters V-VIII Chapters IX-XI Chapters XII-XV Chapters XVI-IX Chapters XX-XXIV The World's Columbian Exhibition of 1893 Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Lesson Plan E-Text Mini-Store L. Frank Baum Biography.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is diploma frame, a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Now the Wicked Witch of the West had but one eye, yet that was as powerful as a telescope , and could see everywhere. Everyone must wear green. because everything in the Emerald City is green. Sorry, can't see them. hope you find them. Study Guide for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz study guide contains a biography of L. Frank Baum, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and guard messages analysis. Essays for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz essays are academic essays for citation. Cornell? These papers were written primarily by students and society provide critical analysis of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum.

Lesson Plan for cornell diploma frame The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. E-Text of The Wonderful Wizard of victorian military Oz. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz e-text contains the full text of the frame book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum.

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THE CALLS THAT CHANGED COMEDY. n a frigid winter morning in 2013, Johnny Brennan stands in a midtown Manhattan office, shifting from frame, side to side, ready to do something he hasn't done in Self-Efficacy Students nearly 20 years. It's something that once made him famous, something that made millions of diploma, people laugh. I love pressure, he says, more than a hint of nervousness in History Bay Area his voice. He takes a sip from cornell, a bottle of water. I love being under the of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Essay gun.

Brennan is here to make some calls; some very strange, very funny prank calls. RELATED The 50 Funniest People Now: Back in the Nineties, under the moniker of the Jerky Boys, Brennan, along with his partner and co-conspirator Kamal Ahmed, regularly used to diploma frame ring people up and assume the role of overbearing whiner, aggressive meathead, astoundingly flamboyant out-of-work actor or any number of other outlandish characters. The goal? To drive the dupes on the other end of the Environmental Bay Area Essay line into a rage, or confuse them or just keep them engaged in an absurd conversation whatever it took to cornell frame make people laugh. Collected on a series of english, albums, those calls resulted in platinum sales, a Hollywood movie based on cornell diploma frame the duo's life, and a legion of celebrity fans. Then they just sort of stopped. I wasn't feeling it is Brennan's enigmatic way, nowadays, of explaining why he ceased prank calling. But if he wasn't feeling it, plenty of victorian military, other people were.

The influence of the Jerky Boys' improvisational hilarity and genius conversational jujitsu kept going, penetrating deep into the culture, and cornell shaping the approach of the Gandhi's in the Liberation likes of Bridesmaids director Paul Feig, rising-star comedienne Amy Schumer and cornell diploma frame Family Guy creator Seth MacFarlane, all of whom were inspired by Brennan and Ahmed's decidedly nonironic style. But for a big chunk of his adult life, prank calling was Brennan's reason for being. Starting in the late Seventies, he would lie on the floor of his middle-class parents' living room in Queens, New York, holding the phone receiver close to a clunky tape recorder with the Essay lights turned down low, and start dialing. RELATED The 11 Best Comedian-Musicians. RELATED Kenny Powers and the Unlikely Rise of Danny McBride. It's like meditation, he says about cornell frame his old method. If my eyes aren't distracted, I can see where [the call's] going to go. Even after getting a speakerphone a mid-Eighties Christmas gift from his then-girlfriend, now-wife Allison Brennan still made his calls on english the floor, in the dark. In character, he'd talk circles around the pizza-parlor employees, construction-company foremen and other people unfortunate enough to answer their phone. It was a lot of How do you say there, Bottlenose?; I need a lot of chickens; Bye bye, baby bitch. HEAR THE JERKY BOYS' NEW PRANK CALLS.

Hey sizzlechests, Johnny Brennan returned to frame the roles that made him famous in these prank calls, recorded exclusive for english newspapers, Rolling Stone. He was driving and his steering wheel fell off. Now he wants answers. Why can't the nice lady tell him where his photo went? Is a happy ending too much to ask? answers. That was then. Diploma. On this turn-back-the-clock day in late December, when Brennan is set to resume his pranking ways, things are very different. (The lights are all on, for one.) He's aged from a mullet-and-goatee-sporting outer-borough scamp into a clean-shaven, leather-jacket-wearing, 51-year-old dad who drives an SUV and owns a little dog named Taco. It's this man who's poised before a iPhone.

It's this man who wants back in The Importance Within Essay the game. The phone rings. Brennan takes another quick gulp of water. A restaurant hostess has picked up. Hi, how're you, whines Brennan, affecting a reedy, nebbishy voice. This is Sol Rosenberg. In less than two minutes, Brennan/Rosenberg has the hostess grasping for reasons why the restaurant had misplaced a photo of him that doesn't exist.

With all the frame remodeling this summer, she says, it maybe got put into storage and victorian not back up. He sure doesn't seem rusty. I was there during that remodeling, kvetches Sol. Cornell Diploma Frame. I fell through the History Bay Area floorboards! After the frame confused hostess eventually hangs up, Brennan looks relieved. The Importance Of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Students. I think we got something there, he says, reverting to his natural Queens drawl. Let's make another call. RELATED Seth Macfarlane on cornell Hosting the Oscars, Being Hated by South Park. or a time, Brennan and Ahmed were as big as comedy got. The Jerky Boys a.k.a. a coupla' lowlifes from coast messages, Queens, to quote 1995's The Jerky Boys: The Movie are to diploma frame prank calling what Steve Jobs and that other guy are to personal computing.

They may not have come up with the idea for the thing that brought them success, but they pretty much perfected it. Before phones became the text-based emoji-makers they are today, the Jerky Boys released five albums of recorded prank phone calls. Their 1993 self-titled debut reached Number One on Billboard 's Heatseekers list, besting Radiohead's Pablo Honey , which took its title from a Jerky Boys sketch. The 1995 follow-up, The Jerky Boys 2 , went platinum and was nominated for a Grammy for Best Comedy Album. Cumulatively, the Jerky Boys' officially released albums have sold more than 3 million copies. Those are verifiable numbers. It's impossible to know how many bootlegged tapes of Jerkys calls were made and shared, but safe to History Bay Area assume that the figure is in diploma frame the millions. RELATED The Last Days of 30 Rock Johnny and glutamate of schizophrenia Kamal worked as a team.

One would place the call and claim to be a victim of vicious dental malpractice, or something like that. The other would stand by, holding back laughter and cornell diploma whispering funny lines. Brennan made the majority of the Gandhi's in the calls, and over the years established an arsenal of characters to unleash on unsuspecting phone-answerers. Frank Rizzo, blue-collar man-about-town with expertise in all manner of construction jobs and innovative insults like assneck, liver lips and sizzlechest. Cornell Diploma Frame. Sol Rosenberg, a sort of Woody Allen caricature with an anal-warts obsession. Jack Tors, sexual deviant and self-aggrandizing showman capable of History Essay, pulling many large pieces of furniture out of frame, his ass. Tap to hear their.

funniest classic pranks. Painter Super Across. Click to hear their funniest classic pranks. There are some non-ass-specific characters too, but Brennan stuck mainly to the aforementioned three, all of whom were based on of The people he knew. Frame. My father is Mahatma Liberation Essay Frank Rizzo, offers Brennan. My dad was a strict, strict guy. That belt would come off and he'd whip my fucking ass you're talking old-school. Sol, with his knack for complaining about the most insignificant of problems, is a lot like Brennan's mother.

He tells me that while most boys received a cheery, Good morning, honey, what would you like for diploma, breakfast? Mrs. Brennan woke her son with wails of, Oh, my back, oh, Jesus Christ. Jack Tors is based on a down-on-his-luck gay man Brennan's father took into their home when Brennan was about five years old. There are easy, broadly stereotypical jokes to make using these guys, but Brennan and Ahmed rooted Sol and Co. in a recognizable and sympathetic motivation: These characters just wanted someone to talk to. The Jerky Boys' Venn diagram of comedy, where the outrageously foulmouthed overlaps with the guard flawed and fundamentally human, is the laughter-inducing sweet spot that Arrested Development and cornell Judd Apatow films continued to aim for. The 50 Funniest People Now: Kenny Powers and the Unlikely Rise of Danny McBride.

The Last Days of 30 Rock A RARE CALL FROM THE JERKY BOYS VAULT. He has this Jackie Gleason-esque set of characters, says Seth MacFarlane about theory Brennan's work, and they clearly come from cornell diploma frame, a place in his life. Of Schizophrenia. There's more to the characters than just a funny voice. They all come from a very honest place.

That's why it's so easy for him to cornell diploma roll with any situation and newspapers stay in character. RELATED The 11 Best Comedian-Musicians. That also helps account for why the Jerky Boys' continued impact and potential resurgence is diploma frame not simply due to Bay Area Essay rampant Nineties nostalgia. It's part prescience, part appreciation and partly because some of their biggest fans have become captains of frame, pop-culture industry. In addition to Radiohead's titular nod, Jay Z name-checked Frank Rizzo in a 2001 verse he dropped on english newspapers a Michael Jackson remix. Mariah Carey had Brennan riff in her video for cornell diploma frame, Honey. Sheryl Crow told him that the of Raising Within Students Essay Jerky Boys were her favorite thing to listen to cornell diploma while traveling on victorian tour, and Russell Crowe's personal assistant relayed praise from the star. Tobey Maguire has snuck multiple Jerky Boys references into his movies, including Spiderman , in which Spidey says he has to beat an old lady with a stick a variation on a classic Jerky Boys-ism. MacFarlane went even further in tribute, hiring Brennan to provide the voice for the very Sol Rosenberg-ian Family Guy character Mort Goldberg. Number of officially released Jerky Boys albums: Number of regularly recurring characters:

Number of prank calls on Jerky Boys albums: These moments of frame, cultural infiltration are not lost on military society Johnny Brennan, and cornell diploma he likes to bring them up, repeatedly, in conversation. And in e-mails. And texts. And tweets. Understandably, Brennan tends to gloss over newspapers the down times. The Jerky Boys movie flopped, and probably deservedly. The group soldiered on with three more albums before Ahmed split in 1997 to pursue a career as an independent filmmaker. Even more troubling for cornell, Brennan was his father's death, in 2000. We were very, very close, he says.

Losing my dad, who was the inspiration for Frank Rizzo, was like getting punched in the gut. He stopped making new calls soon after. [The Jerky Boys] are perennially hilarious. Its not even really about the pakistani newspapers shock value, you want to hear what theyre going to say next. Brennan, who owns the rights to the Jerky Boys name, released a collection of frame, previously unheard calls as The Jerky Tapes in 2001, grouped snippets as ringtones on Sol's Rusty Trombone in 2007 and also put out two Best-ofs in between. None sold remotely close to heyday numbers. Brennan then tried podcasting for about six months starting in late 2011, airing some of those Jerky Tapes calls and responding to fan questions. But off to the side, through all of this, there was a whole Rudy slow-build chant going on. The Jerky Boys may not have been raking in messages residuals, but YouTube videos of their calls earned millions of views. The industry noticed. Chris Mazzilli, the owner of Manhattan's respected Gotham Comedy Club, had partnered up with Levity Entertainment (a management company that produces comedy specials for cornell diploma frame, stars like Bill Cosby) to get into artist management.

Aware of the victorian military online interest in the Jerky Boys, he sought out Brennan. RELATED Inside Comedy Central's Absurdist Prank Factory. RELATED Seth Macfarlane on Hosting the Oscars, Being Hated by South Park. The Jerky Boys is one of the diploma frame most undervalued brands in comedy, says the trim, low-key Mazzilli. Very few people you talk to don't know the Jerky Boys. He encouraged Johnny to try making new prank calls. And along with Brennan's CAA agent, he's pitching around an animated Jerky Boys show. It would be set in Queens and messages provide a new vehicle for Brennan's many characters. [The Jerky Boys] are perennially hilarious, reasons MacFarlane. They don't sound like they were recorded years ago.

It's not even really about the shock value, you want to hear what they're going to say next. Brennan could release another album of those calls and cornell frame people would still eat them up. he international headquarters of thejerkyboys.com is conveniently located off the main entrance of Brennan's Cornwall, New York, home. It's sort of in the Liberation, a multipurpose room, holding all the abandoned toy-kitchen sets and cornell playhouses his two daughters had growing up one's 18 years old, the other's 10. There's a computer in the corner with a fancy microphone next to it. Elsewhere in The Importance of Raising Within Essay this really pretty house is a series of really pretty rooster tchotchkes Brennan's wife, the aforementioned Allison, a day-care worker, has collected over the years. This is the same woman who gifted Brennan with the cornell diploma frame speakerphone, and in theory the Nineties watched as avid female Jerky Boys fans asked her husband to sign their breasts. Number of officially released Jerky Boys albums: Number of regularly recurring characters:

Number of prank calls on Jerky Boys albums: On the cornell frame day I visit, a coffin-size Tupperware container is open and memorabilia is all over the floor of Brennan's workspace. There are relics here from the Jerky Boys' humble beginnings: The unwieldy cassette recorder used to tape calls, and Within the original speakerphone upon which said calls were made. Brennan eagerly shows me everything, treating a fan-made drawing of cornell diploma frame, Frank Rizzo with the same reverence and newspapers exuberance as his platinum-album-certification plaque. Brennan's house is on a 10-acre plot surrounded by a creek. This is a guy whose entire career is diploma frame built on Gandhi's Liberation of India Essay diversity of sounds, and now there is cornell diploma frame sonic stillness in Cornwall, a pervasive quiet. His land has little on it besides the house, including an The Importance of Raising Within old milking barn he's converting into a recording studio and a shovel truck he uses to diploma frame clear away fallen trees and probably just drive around like a badass. We've got no one else on our property, he says, and that's the way he likes it. Just nice and pakistani english peaceful to have the diploma frame family in the country, only 50 minutes from New York. Number of officially released Jerky Boys albums: Number of regularly recurring characters:

Number of prank calls on Jerky Boys albums: Approximate number of times pirated: Brennan's house is on a 10-acre plot surrounded by a creek. This is a guy whose entire career is built on diversity of sounds, and now there is sonic stillness in Cornwall, a pervasive quiet. His land has little on it besides the house, including an old milking barn he's converting into a recording studio and a shovel truck he uses to clear away fallen trees and probably just drive around like a badass. The Importance Students. We've got no one else on diploma frame our property, he says, and that's the way he likes it. Just nice and peaceful to have the family in the country, only 50 minutes from New York. Brennan offers a smorgasbord of products and services on the website. Glutamate Theory. For a small fee, listeners can download previously unreleased calls during which Brennan tries out new characters one is an excitable fast-talking agent named Silverman who promises clients the moon if they simply agree to diploma work with Silverman, baby!

There's a plethora of merchandise up for sale that is personally autographed, of course, and the option to buy a personalized audio message from Brennan. This usually takes the form of a roast, wherein Brennan, using information provided by loved ones, mocks someone in character. It costs $150. RELATED A History of Comedy Stars on the Cover of Rolling Stone. RELATED Inside Comedy Central's Absurdist Prank Factory. When he isn't overseeing his humble Jerkys empire, Brennan works on Family Guy (he says that before the show aired, he read for society, the starring role of Peter Griffin) and does quite a bit of voice-over work for commercials. A lot of his money comes in fits and starts from an ongoing financial tug-of-war: Brennan says that he's owed a hefty chunk of cornell frame, royalty money.

Every time we want to get paid, we have to threaten a lawsuit or an audit, and the money comes flowing over, he gripes. It's a fucking nightmare, this filthy business. (On the Bay Area Essay other side of the legal ledger, Brennan claims he has only diploma, been sued once as a result of his prank calls. Guard. He settled for cornell diploma, one or two thousand dollars.) The frequent tweets and e-mails he gets from fans, who typically quote lines back at him (though with affection), help abate any resentment, but Brennan does have his sore spots. The current Jerky Boys website is Mahatma in the conspicuously free of any mention of his old partner, Kamal Ahmed. The Jerky Boys franchise has always been that way, says Brennan curtly when I bring this up. That's all me. He'd rather talk about the present. He makes a conversational pivot and cornell tells me about Gandhi's New Politics, a rock band from Denmark whose young members recently discovered the Jerky Boys and have been making their own prank calls from the road.

This, he says excitedly, is diploma frame happening right now! his is glutamate theory how Kamal Ahmed responds when I tell him, via Facebook, that I'd like to talk about Johnny Brennan: He's still doing the same thing like a 51-year-old idiot and I make independent movies that deal with the struggles of man . Frame. . . Coast Messages. I went on to more meaningful things. There's clearly some unresolved bad blood in the 17 years since Ahmed left the group, slipping a goodbye note to the guys' then-manager. But their initial partnering wasn't nearly as passive. Frame. Brennan was pulling a classic Johnny when he decided one day, as a 12-year-old kid, to take his sister's life-size doll, strap a bunch of football gear onto it, head to the roof of his Astoria, Queens, apartment building, wait for a car to The Importance of Raising Self-Efficacy Within drive by, then . . . RELATED A History of Comedy Stars on the Cover of Rolling Stone. Bam! Brennan recalls. Cornell. Next thing you hear, the Mahatma Gandhi's Role Essay car skids, hits the doll and diploma everybody's fucking screaming and The Importance Self-Efficacy Students Essay yelling. I liked to do pranks that people looked at and went, 'This kid's out of cornell diploma, his fucking mind.' The lady across the street had a heart attack.

Ahmed, five years younger than Brennan, was present at the scene of the accident, and immediately drawn to the latter's, let's call it moxie. The two were fast friends. In the glutamate theory late Eighties, Brennan was working odd construction jobs in New York that had him up incredibly early in the morning, spreading hot tar across apartment building roofs. (Tarbash, the diploma name for Ahmed's best-known character, an Egyptian magician, is a nickname Brennan and Environmental History his brothers would throw around while tarring: Hey, Tarbash, get more tar! That kind of thing.) He lived in Middle Village, Queens, and would stay up all night making prank calls to entertain friends. Ahmed would come by really late, after finishing gigs as a Lower East Side bouncer or playing bass in a band. They would record the calls and laugh their asses off. I liked to do pranks that people looked at and went, This kids out of his fucking mind.

When we first started, it was just fun, Ahmed says. There's stuff on the first two albums that we were together [where] you would hear some good interaction between us. One day, Ahmed had an idea. He started passing out diploma frame copies of these tapes within the music community and to people who came by in the Liberation Essay the club. Cornell Diploma Frame. The consensus was unanimous: They loved the Jerky Boys before they were even called the Jerky Boys (Brennan's mom christened the group with its name just before its 1993 debut album). Through a kind of audio samizdat those tapes were bootlegged and spread throughout the The Importance Within Essay country. Having heard them became a measure of comedy cool.

It felt very pure and cornell frame raw, like you were in on a secret, says Schumer, star of the theory hit Comedy Central sketch show Inside Amy Schumer . I was blown the fuck away by [the Jerky Boys], because it was people fucking with real people no giving a shit about consequences. Once they began to earn recognition, says Ahmed, his relationship with Brennan started to sour. Cornell Diploma. Ahmed claims that his and Johnny's management team kept telling him to be happy as a sidekick, and that they even tried, on multiple occasions, to have him replaced. But Ahmed stuck around because he had fond memories of staying up late at night, goofing around, doing those calls for Environmental of The Essay, nobody but themselves. The best was when there was no money, nothing, when we just used to hang out and do it as a complete good, he says wistfully. Well, there was also the fact that his father guilt-tripped him into sticking it out. In 1991, I went with my father to Bangladesh, where he's from, says Ahmed, and cornell frame right when I was telling a story saying I was going to quit, we saw children so poor that they were eating garbage from the street. Gandhi's In The Liberation Of India Essay. [Ahmed's father] stopped the cornell frame car and said, 'You see that? That's how people got to live in the world.

In most of the world, that's how people live. If you quit something where you could make a couple of Environmental History Bay Area Essay, dollars, I'll disown you.' Ahmed made it until 1997 before leaving for diploma frame, good. Post-Jerky Boys, he pursued filmmaking. He's directed three features and is working on editing his fourth, Laugh Killer Laugh , which he says is a a neo-film noir about a jewel thief/hitman for the Mob who awakens from a coma with a changed personality after being a milquetoast. Talking with Ahmed, its easy to guard get the sense that he believes there's a grand back-and-forth between the two founding Jerky Boys a real he-said, he-said beef. But Brennan doesn't speak ill of frame, Ahmed. He respects the The Importance Within Essay guy for branching out into film, and cornell frame acknowledges that the group wouldn't be where it is guard messages without Ahmed distributing the cornell frame tapes and inventing his own characters. Kamal is responsible for getting these tapes out, and before you know it, I was getting phone calls from society, cousins that were up in school in cornell frame Buffalo and they were like, 'John, your stuff that you did is everywhere,' says Brennan. The next step, Howard Stern, all the society biggest DJs in the country are playing my stuff.

Brennan has a lingering memory of the last time he saw his old partner. Cornell Diploma. It was at a Jerky Boys record-store-signing session, held shortly before Ahmed quit. There, Ahmed gently and unexpectedly held Brennan's infant daughter in the air, so that the assembled adoring fans could see the beautiful Jerky baby. When the History of The Essay signing was over, the two went their separate ways, and haven't been in frame the same room since. We were better together than apart, says Ahmed matter-of-factly, that's for sure. hough there's little chance of victorian, a Jerky Boys reunion, the cornell frame brand's standing in the comedy world has never been stronger. They were creating these worlds, says Scott Aukerman, host of the glutamate of schizophrenia popular Comedy Bang! Bang! podcast and IFC television show. These characters resided in them, so the diploma people on the other end of the line don't realize they're in the middle of a sketch.

The Jerky Boys transcended messing around with someone. Schumer remembers how she set out in middle school to emulate the Jerky Boys. She took an empty camera, and, pretending to of schizophrenia be a yearbook photographer, asked classmates to pose for a series of cornell frame, embarrassing shots. (She'd never even loaded the camera with film.) Today, her show's woman-on-the-street interview segments are shot with the newspapers Jerkys' quick-witted audacity. Just that unapologetic committing to it, she says, and cornell diploma having the person just look into Environmental History of The Essay, my eyes to see if I'm fucking with them. That's a lot of Jerky Boys. Paul Feig, who in addition to Bridesmaids directed the Melissa McCarthy/Sandra Bullock film The Heat and was the creator of the much loved TV show Freaks and Geeks , took other lessons. I was visiting my parents in Michigan when I saw the Jerky Boys' movie, he remembers. They were so aggressive, languagewise. Some people get their angst out by playing first-person shooter games. To me, because I like being so polite, [ The Jerky Boys ] was such a release. Feig was in such awe of the Jerky Boys' gift for dirty language that he's since always strived to incorporate as much ribald humor as possible into cornell frame, his work.

Directing McCarthy in glutamate theory The Heat , for example, he felt comfortable pushing her toward the same cackling catharsis he felt as a kid at that theater in cornell diploma frame Michigan. When a swear word comes in, it's going to make something funnier if it's at pakistani english, a smartly inappropriate moment, he says. Cornell. Referring to the Jerky Boys, he says, The idea of theory of schizophrenia, calling up a guy trying to cornell get a job, and you're just swearing a lot is inherently funny it's just like a clueless guy, or a guy who can't control himself, or a guy who doesn't know how to exist in of schizophrenia the real world. Anarchy is cornell frame always funny. EVERY TIME WE WANT TO GET PAID, WE HAVE TO THREATEN A LAWSUIT OR AN AUDIT, AND THE MONEY COMES FLOWING OVER. IT'S A NIGHTMARE, THIS FILTHY BUSINESS. What anarchy is not , though, is ironic.

Today's biggest comedy stars Louis C.K., Tina Fey and Amy Poehler leap to mind are not afraid to The Importance of Raising Within Students ramble about how they feel; they're more interested in throwing emotional wrenches in the machine than snark or sarcasm. The Jerky Boys inadvertently predicted this cultural shift, away from the ironic 2000s and toward the purity that captivated Aukerman and cornell Schumer. Even during the 2000s, though, there were pockets of Jerkys humor. The natural successor to glutamate theory the prank-adjacent throne was Johnny Knoxville's Jackass series of films; it shares the cornell Jerky Boys DNA of stripping humor down to society unscripted authenticity. Crank Yankers , which ran on Comedy Central from 2002 to 2005 and featured prank calls that were then enacted by cornell puppets, was Jerky Boys to the core.

Same with MTV's timeless punching bag Punk'd . [The Jerky Boys] captured that the coast guard simplest ideas are the best, says Sal Vulcano, one of the stars of cornell, TruTV's Impractical Jokers , a show where four Staten Island boys prank one another. There have been prank shows that have been really elaborate, he continues, setting up fake car accidents and Essay burglars. Cornell Diploma Frame. For us, we wanted to strip it down completely, didn't want to of schizophrenia do anything that someone else couldn't do a lot like the Jerky Boys. There's influence, and then there's access: The Jerky Boys have never been easier to hear. Though Brennan and his team are working to wrangle all the YouTube videos under one channel, they're not terribly worried about the potential adverse affects of piracy. Frame. In fact, it's quite the Gandhi's Role in the Liberation Essay opposite.

YouTube has been great exposure, Brennan says. A whole new generation of people is discovering the Jerky Boys. They found them at the perfect moment. Brennan has untested characters he wants to try. He has unreleased calls he wants to release.

He wants to show that the Jerky Boys are not something that happened once, long ago. They're here, grinding and relevant. Standing in frame that Manhattan office and getting on the phone, inhabiting Sol Rosenberg and coast guard messages Frank Rizzo and Jack Tors for the first time in so many years, has given Brennan renewed hope for wreaking phone havoc. It was kind of magical, he wrote to me in cornell diploma frame an e-mail after undertaking the victorian military society new prank calls. Everything culminated in cornell frame this last piece of the puzzle. I left there that day feeling awesome.

It was like someone was guiding these pieces into place. In other words, keep an Mahatma Gandhi's Role in the Liberation of India eye on your caller ID, liver lips. Sexting, Shame and Suicide. Sex, Drugs and the Biggest Cybercrime of All Time. The Dirty Wisdom of Louis C.K. Jimmy Kimmel: A Stoned Encounter With Late Nights New Contender.

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