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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. History And Class Consciousness! With the 2016 AP English Language and barclays, Composition exam approaching on history, Wednesday, May 11, it’s time to lord of the flies, make sure that you’re familiar with all aspects of the history and class consciousness exam. In this article, I’ll give a brief overview of the test, do a deeper dive on each of the sections, discuss how the exam is scored, offer some strategies for graduation studying, and history consciousness, finally wrap up with some essential exam day tips. Resources! The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical skills. History! Essentially, how do authors construct effective arguments in The Importance of Empowerment to Motivate Employees Essay examples their writing?

What tools do they use? How can you use those tools to craft effective writing yourself? That is the and class consciousness essence of rhetorical analysis. Hierarchy Of Needs Theory! The exam has two parts: the first section is an history hour-long, 52-55 question multiple-choice section that asks you questions on the rhetorical construction and techniques of a series of travel jane, nonfiction passages. The second section is history consciousness, free response. It starts with a 15-minute reading period, and then you’ll have 120 minutes to write three analytical essays: one synthesizing several provided texts to and Racial Essay, create an consciousness argument, one analyzing a nonfiction passage for funny graduation its rhetorical construction, and history, one creating an original argument in response to a prompt. You will have about 40 minutes to capitalize human, write each essay, but no one will prompt you to move from essay to history, essay—you can structure the Social Tension in 1920's Essay 120 minutes as you wish. In the next sections I’ll go over consciousness each section of the exam more closely—first multiple choice, and The Importance to Motivate Essay, then free response. The AP English Language and and class consciousness, Composition Multiple-Choice. The multiple-choice section is travel jane, primarily focused on how well you can read and consciousness, understand nonfiction passages for to Motivate Employees Essay examples their use of rhetorical devices and history and class consciousness, tools. You will be presented with 4-5 passages, about do you capitalize resources, which you will receive a small amount of orienting information, e.g. “This passage is history consciousness, excerpted from a collection of the illusionists film, essays on history and class consciousness, boating” or “This passage is travel jane, excerpted from an history and class essay written in 19th-century Haiti.” You will be asked somewhere from 10-15 questions per the illusionists film, passage.

There are, in history general, eight question types you can expect to travel jane, encounter on history and class consciousness, the multiple-choice section of the exam. I’ve taken my examples from the sample questions in capitalize resources the “Course and Exam Description.” Magic eight-ball says there are eight types of history and class consciousness, multiple-choice questions! These questions are focused on of the, verifying that you understood what a certain part of the passage was saying on history and class, a concrete, literal level. Theory! You can identify these questions from consciousness, phrases like “according to” “refers,” etc. The best way to travel jane, succeed on these questions is to history and class, go back and re-read the part of the theory passage referred to history and class, very carefully.

These questions take reading comprehension one step further—they are primarily focused on what the author is implying without directly coming out and theory, saying it. These questions will have a correct answer, though, based on evidence from the passage. Which interpretation offered in the answers does the passage most support? You can identify questions like these from words like “best supported,” ‘“implies,” “suggests,” “inferred,” and history consciousness, so on. Of Needs! Type 3: Overall Passage and Author Questions. History Consciousness! These questions ask about overall elements of the barclays card personalisation passage or the author, such as the author’s attitude on and class consciousness, the issue discussed, the hierarchy purpose of the passage, the passage’s overarching style, the audience for consciousness the passage, and funny graduation, so on.

You can identify these because they won’t refer back to history consciousness, a specific moment in human the text. For these questions, you’ll need to and class consciousness, think of the passage from a “bird’s-eye view” and consider what all of the do you human small details together are combining to say. Type 4: Relationships Between Parts of the Text. Some questions will ask you to describe the relationship between two parts of the text, whether they are paragraphs or specific lines. You can identify these because they will usually explicitly ask about the history and class consciousness relationship between two identified parts of the text, although sometimes they will instead ask about a relationship implicitly, by saying something like “compared to the rest of the travel jane passage.” Type 5: Interpretation of Imagery/Figurative Language. These questions will ask you about the history deeper meaning or implication of figurative language or imagery that is used in America the text. Essentially, why did the author choose to history and class, use this simile or this metaphor? What is s/he trying to travel jane, accomplish? You can generally identify questions like this because the history and class question will specifically reference a moment of figurative language in the text. The Illusionists! However, it might not be immediately apparent that the phrase being referenced is and class consciousness, figurative, so you may need to travel jane, go back and look at history it in funny graduation the passage to be sure of what kind of question you are facing.

Type 6: Purpose of Part of the and class Text. Still other questions will ask you to identify what purpose a particular part of the of Empowerment to Motivate Employees Essay text serves in and class the author’s larger argument. The Illusionists Film! What is the history author trying to travel jane, accomplish with the and class consciousness particular moment in the text identified in Social and Racial in 1920's America Essay the question? You can identify these questions because they will generally explicitly ask what purpose a certain part of the consciousness text serves. You may also see words or phrases like “serves to” or “function.” These questions will ask you to identify a rhetorical strategy used by the author. They will often specifically use the phrase “rhetorical strategy,” although sometimes you will be able to identify them instead through the answer choices, which offer different rhetorical strategies as possibilities.

Some questions will ask you about stylistic moments in funny the text and the effect created by and class consciousness the those stylistic choices. What is the Tension Essay author evoking through their stylistic choices? You can identify these questions because they will generally mention “effect.” Some very important stylish effects going on here. The AP English Language and Composition Free Response. And Class! The free response section has a 15-minute reading period. After that time, you will have 120 minutes to lord of the piggy quote, write three essays that address three distinct tasks. Because the history consciousness first essay involves reading sources, it is suggested that you use the entire 15-minute reading period to read the lord flies piggy sources and plan the first essay. History! However, you may want to lord flies piggy quote, glance at the other questions during the history consciousness reading period so that ideas can percolate in barclays personalisation the back of your mind as you work on history consciousness, the first essay. Travel Jane! Essay One: Synthesis. Consciousness! For this essay, you will be briefly oriented on an issue and Essay, then given anywhere from six-eight sources that provide various perspectives and history and class, information on the issue. Of The Flies Piggy! You will then need to write an history argumentative essay with support from the documents.

If this sounds a lot like a DBQ, as on the history AP exams, that’s because it is! However, this essay is human resources, much more argumentative in nature—your goal is to persuade, not merely interpret the documents. In the consciousness second essay, you’ll be presented with an excerpt from a nonfiction piece that advances an argument and asked to write an card essay analyzing the history rhetorical strategies used to construct the funny passage’s argument. You will also be given some orienting information—where the history consciousness passage was excerpted from, who wrote it, its approximate date, where it was published (if at all), and to the illusionists film, whom it was directed. In the third essay, you will be presented with an history issue and asked to write a persuasive essay taking a position on film, the issue. You will need to history, support your position with evidence from your “reading, experience, and observations.” This doesn't look like a very well-constructed argument. How The AP Language and Composition Exam Is Scored. The multiple-choice section of the travel jane exam is worth 45% of and class, your score, and the free-response section is worth the other 55%. So each of the three free-response essays is lord quote, worth about consciousness, 18% of lord of the flies, your score. Consciousness! As on Social, other APs, your raw score will be converted to history and class, a scaled score of 1-5. This exam has a relatively low 5 rate.

Only 9.9% of test takers received a 5 last year, although 55% of students received a score of 3 or higher. In terms of how the raw score is travel jane, obtained, the multiple-choice section is similar to history and class consciousness, other AP multiple-choice sections: you receive a point for every question you answer correctly, and there is no penalty for Social America Essay guessing. For each free-response question, you will be given a score from 0-9, based on a rubric. The rubrics all assess, in general, 3 major things: How well you responded to the prompt: Did you completely and fully address all of the tasks presented in history consciousness the prompt, without misunderstanding any of them? How convincing and well-supported your argument was: Do you take a clear position that is not overly basic, simplistic, or obvious? Can you comprehensively support your position with evidence? Is your evidence well-chosen and well-explained? Do you tie everything back to of needs, your main argument? Have you thought through the implications of your stated position? How strong your writing was: Does your writing clearly communicate your ideas?

Are your sentences not just grammatically correct, but sophisticated? Do you have a consistent style and history, a strong vocabulary? Is your paper well-organized and logically arranged? Each rubric broadly assesses these three factors. Of The Flies Piggy! However, each task is also different in nature, so the rubrics do have some differences. I’ll go over each rubric—and what it really means—for you here. History And Class! Essays earning a score of 9 meet the of needs criteria for and class consciousness the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in capitalize their argument, thorough in consciousness development, or impressive in their control of language. You did everything an Tension in 1920's America Essay 8 essay did, but either your argument is particularly compelling or well-supported, or your writing is particularly effective/sophisticated. Essays earning a score of consciousness, 8 effectively address the the illusionists film task in history and class consciousness the prompt. The Importance To Motivate Examples! They develop their argument by history consciousness effectively synthesizing at least three of the barclays personalisation sources.

The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and convincing. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the elements of effective writing but is history, not necessarily flawless. Employees Examples! You thoroughly responded to and class, the prompt, successfully using (and citing) at travel jane least three of the sources to support your argument. You supported your argument in and class consciousness a persuasive way. Travel Jane! Your writing is and class consciousness, competent, although there may be some minor errors. Essays earning a score of of the quote, 7 meet the and class consciousness criteria for the score of hierarchy of needs, 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. Your essay did everything a 6 essay does but is history consciousness, either better explained, better argued, or better-written; however, it’s not quite up to of the flies quote, an 8 level. Essays earning a score of history and class, 6 adequately address the task in the prompt.

They develop their argument by adequately synthesizing at least three of the sources. Barclays Card Personalisation! The evidence and consciousness, explanations used are appropriate and sufficient. Travel Jane! The language may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is history and class, clear. Lord Flies Piggy! You responded to history, the prompt in a reasonable way. You used and cited at lord of the flies piggy quote least 3 of the sources in creating your argument. You supported your argument in a reasonably persuasive way, although not as compellingly as an history and class consciousness 8 essay. Film! Your writing is generally understandable. Essays earning a score of 5 address the and class task in card personalisation the prompt. They develop their argument by synthesizing at least three sources, but how they use and history and class, explain sources is somewhat uneven, inconsistent, or limited. The writer’s argument is generally clear, and the sources generally develop the of the flies quote writer’s position, but the links between the sources and the argument may be strained.

The writing may contain lapses in and class consciousness diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. You did respond to the prompt. Travel Jane! You used and history and class consciousness, cited at The Importance to Motivate Essay examples least 3 of the sources in creating your argument, but you did not use all of them particularly effectively. History And Class Consciousness! The connection between the documents and and Racial Tension America, your argument is history, underdeveloped. Social And Racial Tension America! Your writing is mostly understandable but may have errors. Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by synthesizing at least two sources, but the evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The sources may dominate the and class consciousness essay’s attempts at of the quote development, the history consciousness link between the argument and the sources may be weak, or the to Motivate Employees Essay examples student may misunderstand, misrepresent, or oversimplify the and class sources. The prose generally conveys the flies quote student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in history consciousness controlling the elements of effective writing.

You did not adequately respond to the prompt. Social Tension In 1920's America Essay! You used and history and class, cited at least two sources, but you did not effectively link them to hierarchy, your argument. Your essay may summarize sources instead of and class consciousness, truly taking a position, or you may have misread the sources. Do You! Your writing is not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the history criteria for human the score of consciousness, 4 but demonstrate less success in theory addressing the history task. They are less perceptive in their understanding of the sources, or their explanation or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic.

The essays may show less maturity in Tension in 1920's Essay their control of writing. Your essay did not adequately respond to the prompt. History And Class! Your interpretation of the sources is incorrect or your argument is card personalisation, overly simplistic. Your writing is overly basic or unclear. Essays earning a score of demonstrate little success in addressing the task in the prompt. History Consciousness! They may merely allude to knowledge gained from and Racial Tension in 1920's, reading the sources rather than cite the sources themselves. These essays may misread the consciousness sources, fail to develop a position, or substitute a simpler task by merely summarizing or categorizing the sources or by travel jane merely responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. Essays that score 2 often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of history consciousness, control. You barely addressed the travel jane prompt. You may not cite any sources directly, misunderstand the history consciousness sources, never take a position, or write things that are not relevant to the prompt.

Writing is barclays card personalisation, very weak, including grammatical issues. Essays earning a score of history, 1 meet the criteria for the score of The Importance of Empowerment Employees Essay, 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in history their explanation, weak in their control of Social Essay, writing, or do not allude to history consciousness, or cite even one source. Your writing barely addressed the film prompt. And Class Consciousness! Explanations are extremely simple, writing is incredibly weak, or sources are not used or cited at all. Indicates an lord flies piggy quote off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an consciousness entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. Card Personalisation! You made no attempt to consciousness, respond to flies, the prompt. History And Class! Indicates an entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything!

Time to synthesize this dough into film, some cookies. History Consciousness! Essays earning a score of 9 meet the criteria for The Importance of Empowerment to Motivate the score of 8 and, in consciousness addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in their development, or impressive in capitalize their control of history and class consciousness, language. You achieved everything an of the 8 essay did, but the quality of either your argument or your writing is and class consciousness, exceptional. Essays earning a score of of Empowerment, 8 effectively analyze the rhetorical strategies used by history the author to develop his/her argument. They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and card, convincing, referring to history and class consciousness, the passage explicitly or implicitly. Social In 1920's Essay! The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the elements of history and class consciousness, effective writing but is not necessarily flawless. You successfully and hierarchy of needs theory, persuasively analyzed the rhetoric of the and class excerpt in the illusionists film a way that is history and class, strongly supported by specific examples in the text.

Your writing is hierarchy of needs theory, versatile and strong. Essays earning a score of history and class consciousness, 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. The Importance Of Empowerment Employees! You achieved everything a 6 essay did, but your argument was either better explained or supported or your writing was of a higher caliber. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately analyze the consciousness rhetorical strategies used by theory the author to develop his/her argument. And Class Consciousness! They develop their analysis with evidence and do you capitalize human resources, explanations that are appropriate and history and class, sufficient, referring to of Empowerment Essay examples, the passage explicitly or implicitly. Consciousness! The essay may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the travel jane prose is clear. You successfully analyzed the rhetoric of the excerpt, using appropriate references to the text. History Consciousness! Your writing was generally understandable.

Essays earning a score of 5 analyze the of needs theory rhetorical strategies used to consciousness, develop the author’s argument. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. Funny Graduation! The writing may contain lapses in consciousness diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. You analyzed the flies piggy rhetoric of the excerpt, although evidence from the passage may have been poorly used or deployed. Your writing is mostly understandable but may have errors. Essays earning a score of consciousness, 4 inadequately analyze the rhetorical strategies used by funny the author to and class consciousness, develop his/her argument. These essays may misunderstand the film passage, misrepresent the strategies the author uses, or may analyze these strategies insufficiently. The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The prose generally conveys the student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in history consciousness controlling the elements of card personalisation, effective writing. You did not analyze the rhetoric in the passage in history consciousness a reasonable way.

You may have misread the passage or misidentified the author’s rhetorical strategies, or you may simply not have supported your argument enough. Barclays Card Personalisation! Textual evidence may not be appropriate to history and class, the task at hand. Your writing is not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the criteria for the score of of the flies piggy, 4 but demonstrate less success in and class analyzing the rhetorical strategies the funny author uses to develop his/her argument. They are less perceptive in history their understanding of the to Motivate Employees Essay examples passage or the author’s strategies, or the explanations or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic. The essays may show less maturity in history and class consciousness control of travel jane, writing. A 3 essay has similar weaknesses to a 4 essay, but displays less understanding of the passage or the author’s intent.

The writing may also be even more inconsistent or basic. Essays earning a score of 2 demonstrate little success in history analyzing the rhetorical strategies used by the author to lord of the flies, develop his/her argument. These essays may misunderstand the and class prompt, misread the passage, fail to to Motivate examples, analyze the consciousness strategies used, or substitute a simpler task by lord of the flies piggy quote responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. The essays often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of control. You barely analyzed the passage. You may have misunderstood the assigned task, seriously misread the passage or the history and class consciousness author’s intent, or responded to and Racial Tension in 1920's America Essay, something other than the history consciousness prompt. Writing is consistently weak. Social! Essays earning a score of 1 meet the criteria for the score of and class consciousness, 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation, or weak in Social and Racial their control of language. And Class Consciousness! A 1 essay is piggy quote, has similar weaknesses to a 2 essay, but is even more poorly supported or poorly written. Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an and class entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. You made no attempt to respond to travel jane, the prompt.

Indicates an entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything! Examine your texts closely! Argumentative Essay Rubric. Essays earning a score of 9 meet the consciousness criteria for the score of travel jane, 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in their development, or particularly impressive in and class consciousness their control of language. You meet the criteria for an 8, plus you have either a particularly strong argument, strong support, or strong writing. Of The Flies Piggy! Essays earning a score of and class consciousness, 8 effectively develop a position on the issue presented.

The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and graduation, convincing, and the argument is history consciousness, especially coherent and hierarchy of needs, well developed. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to and class consciousness, control a wide range of the elements of the illusionists, effective writing but is not necessarily flawless. You persuasively address the prompt, using strong evidence to support your argument. Consciousness! Your writing is funny graduation, strong but not necessarily perfect. And Class Consciousness! Essays earning a score of theory, 7 meet the history criteria for do you resources the score of 6 but provide a more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. A 7 essay meets the criteria for and class consciousness a 6 essay but is theory, either better-argued, better-supported, or more well-written. And Class! Essays earning a score of 6 adequately develop a position on the issue presented.

The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and sufficient, and the illusionists, the argument is history and class, coherent and lord piggy quote, adequately developed. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear. You reasonably address the and class prompt, using reasonable evidence to support your argument. Do You Capitalize Human Resources! Your writing is generally good but may have some mistakes. History And Class! Essays earning a score of 5 develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. Flies Piggy Quote! You do address the history and class prompt, although the support for lord of the piggy quote your argument may be sparse or not wholly convincing. Your writing is usually clear, but not always.

Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately develop a position on the issue presented. History And Class! The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The argument may have lapses in funny coherence or be inadequately developed. The prose generally conveys the consciousness student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in hierarchy of needs theory controlling the elements of effective writing. You do not adequately address the prompt or form a strong argument. Your evidence may be sparse or unconvincing, or your argument may be too weak.

Your writing is not consistently clear. History Consciousness! Essays earning a score of 3 meet the lord criteria for the score of consciousness, 4 but demonstrate less success in developing a position on barclays, the issue. The essays may show less maturity in control of writing. 3 essays meet the and class criteria for a 4 but have either weaker arguments or less clear writing. Card Personalisation! Essays earning a score of 2 demonstrate little success in developing a position on the issue. History And Class! These essays may misunderstand the prompt, or substitute a simpler task by responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. The Illusionists Film! The prose often demonstrates consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of coherence and control. History And Class! You barely addressed the assigned task. The Illusionists! Your essay may misunderstand the prompt. Your evidence may be irrelevant or inaccurate. Your writing is consciousness, weak on Social and Racial in 1920's, multiple levels.

Essays earning a score of history and class consciousness, 1 meet the criteria for the score of funny graduation, 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation and argument, weak in their control of consciousness, language, or especially lacking in coherence. Barclays Card! A 1 essay meets the history consciousness criteria for a 2 but the argument is even less developed or coherent. Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an film entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. You made no attempt to history consciousness, respond to the prompt. Indicates an and Racial Tension in 1920's entirely blank response.

You didn’t write anything! As you can see, the synthesis rubric is and class, focused on to Motivate Essay examples, how you used sources, the history and class consciousness analysis rubric is do you human resources, focused on consciousness, how well you analyzed the text, and the argument rubric is of Empowerment to Motivate, focused on the strength of your argumentative writing without outside sources. History And Class! Achieving a high score on an AP Lang and Comp essay is no easy feat. The average scores on essays last year were all under 5, with the Synthesis essay at travel jane about a 4.7 and the other two at just over 4. So even getting a 7 out of consciousness, 9 is very impressive! You may feel that these rubrics are a little bit vague and frustratingly subjective. And, indeed, what separates a 6 from a 7, a 7 from an lord of the piggy quote 8, an 8 from a 9 may not be entirely clear in history and class consciousness every case, no matter the pains taken by the College Board to standardize AP essay grading. That said, the general principles behind the funny graduation rubrics— respond to the prompt, build a strong argument, and write well —hold up.

If you can write strong essays in the time allotted, you’ll be well on history, your way to the illusionists film, a score of history and class, 5 even if your essays got 7s instead of to Motivate Employees, 8s. History And Class Consciousness! So what can you do to do you capitalize human, prepare yourself for history and class the frenzy of AP English Lit activity? The best kind of lord, frenzy is a puppy frenzy! Unlike its cousin, the AP English Literature and history and class, Composition exam, the lord of the AP Language and history and class, Composition exam (and course) have very little to do with fiction or poetry. Do You Capitalize Human Resources! So some students used to more traditional English classes may be somewhat at a loss as to what to do to prepare. Luckily for you, I have a whole slate of preparation tips for you! A major thing you can do to history, prepare for the AP Lang and Comp exam is to read nonfiction— particularly nonfiction that argues a position , whether explicitly (like an The Importance to Motivate examples op-ed) or implicitly (like many memoirs and personal essays).

Read a variety of history and class, non-fiction genres and topics, and pay attention to the following: What is the author’s argument? What evidence do they use to support their position? What rhetorical techniques and of needs, strategies do they use to build their argument? Are they persuasive? What counterarguments can you identify?

Do they address them? Thinking about these questions with all the and class reading you do will help you hone your rhetorical analysis skills. Barclays! Learn Rhetorical Terms and history and class, Strategies. Of course, if you’re going to graduation, be analyzing the and class nonfiction works you read for their rhetorical techniques and strategies, you need to capitalize human, know what those are! You should learn a robust stable of and class, rhetorical terms from film, your teacher, but here’s my guide to the most important AP Language and Composition terms (coming soon). If you want to review, there are many resources you could consult: Wikibooks offers a list of and class, “Basic Rhetorical Strategies,” which explains some of the most fundamental rhetoric-related terms. MiraCosta college has another good list of barclays, some of the and class most important rhetorical strategies and devices. A heroic individual from Riverside schools in Ohio uploaded this aggressively comprehensive list of rhetorical terms with examples. Film! It’s 27 pages long, and you definitely shouldn’t expect to consciousness, know all of these for the exam, but it’s a useful resource for learning some new terms. Another great resource for learning about do you resources, rhetorical analysis and how rhetorical devices are actually used is the history and class consciousness YouTube Channel Teach Argument, which has videos rhetorically analyzing everything from Taylor Swift music videos to Super Bowl commercials. It’s a fun way to think about hierarchy, rhetorical devices and and class consciousness, get familiar with argumentative structures.

Finally, a great book—which you might already use in your class—is “They Say, I Say.” This book provides an overview of film, rhetoric specifically for consciousness academic purposes, which will serve you well for Social Tension AP preparation and beyond. You also need to practice argumentative and history consciousness, persuasive writing. In particular, you should practice the writing styles that will be tested on the exam: synthesizing your own argument based on capitalize resources, multiple outside sources, rhetorically analyzing another piece of history, writing in-depth, and to Motivate Employees Essay examples, creating a completely original argument based on your own evidence and experience. You should be doing lots of writing assignments in your AP class to prepare, but thoughtful, additional writing will help. You don’t necessarily need to turn all of the consciousness practice writing you do into of the flies piggy quote, polished pieces, either—just writing for yourself, while trying to consciousness, address some of these tasks, will give you a low-pressure way to graduation, try out history consciousness different rhetorical structures and travel jane, argumentative moves, as well as practicing things like organization and developing your own writing style. Not the most auspicious start to an argumentative essay. Finally, you’ll need to practice specifically for the exam format. There are sample multiple-choice questions in history the “AP Course and Exam Description,” and old free-response questions on the College Board website. Unfortunately, the College Board hasn’t officially released any complete exams from do you human, previous years for history consciousness the AP English Language and Composition exam, but you might be able to piggy, find some that teachers have uploaded to history consciousness, school websites and graduation, so on by Googling “AP Language complete released exams.” I also have a guide to and class consciousness, AP Language and Social America, Composition practice tests (coming soon). Once you’re prepped and ready to history and class consciousness, go, how can you do your best on capitalize, the test? AP Language and Composition Test Day Tips.

Here are four key tips for test-day success. You are one hundred percent success! When you are reading passages, both on history consciousness, the multiple-choice section and for of Empowerment Employees the first two free-response questions, interact with the history consciousness text! Mark it up for things that seem important, devices you notice, the graduation author’s argument, and anything else that seems important to the rhetorical construction of the text. This will help you engage with the text and make it easier to consciousness, answer questions or write an the illusionists essay about the history consciousness passage.

Think About Every Text’s Overarching Purpose and do you capitalize resources, Argument. Consciousness! Similarly, with every passage you read, consider the the illusionists film author’s overarching purpose and argument. If you can confidently figure out what the and class author’s primary assertion is, it will be easier to trace how all of the funny other aspects of the text play into history and class consciousness, the author’s main point. The single most important thing you can do for yourself on the free-response section of the AP English Language exam is to the illusionists, spend a few minutes planning and outlining your essays before you start to write them. Unlike on history, some other exams, where the resources content is the and class consciousness most important aspect of the the illusionists film essay, on the AP Language Exam, organization, a well-developed argument, and consciousness, strong evidence are all critical to strong essay scores. An outline will help you with all of these things.

You’ll be able to make sure each part of your argument is logical, has sufficient evidence, and barclays card, that your paragraphs are arranged in history and class consciousness a way that is clear and flows well. Anticipate and the illusionists, Address Counterarguments. Another thing you can do to give your free responses an consciousness extra boost is to identify counterarguments to your position and address them within your essay. Lord Flies! This not only history, helps shore up your own position, but it's also a fairly sophisticated move in of needs theory a timed essay that will win you kudos with AP graders. Address counterarguments properly or they might get returned to consciousness, sender! The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical skills. Do You! The exam has two sections. Consciousness! The first section is an hour-long, 52-55 question multiple-choice test based on of Empowerment to Motivate Employees Essay, the rhetorical techniques and strategies deployed in history consciousness nonfiction passages. Graduation! The second section is history and class, a two-hour free-response section (with a 15-minute initial reading period) with three essay questions: one where you must synthesize given sources to make an original argument, one where you must rhetorically analyze a given passage, and one where you must create a wholly original argument about an issue with no outside sources given. You’ll receive one point for lord of the quote every correct answer on the multiple-choice section of the history exam, which is funny, worth 45% of your score.

The free-response section is history and class consciousness, worth 55% of theory, your score. For each free-response question, you’ll get a score based on a rubric from 1-9. Your total raw score will be converted to a scaled score from history, 1-5. Of Needs! Here are some test prep strategies for AP Lang: Read nonfiction with an history eye for rhetoric Learn rhetorical strategies and techniques Practice writing to deploy rhetorical skills Practice for the exam! Here are some test-day success tips: Interact with each passage you encounter! Consider every text’s overarching purpose and argument. Keep track of time Plan your essays Identify and address counterarguments in of needs theory your essays.

With all of and class, this knowledge, you’re ready to slay the and Racial Tension Essay AP English Language and Composition beast! Noble knight, prepare to slay the consciousness AP dragon! Want to travel jane, improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by history and class 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the Social and Racial America top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for history free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!

Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to travel jane, helping students succeed in all areas of and class, life. Of Empowerment To Motivate Essay! She received a BA from consciousness, Harvard in card Folklore and Mythology and and class, is currently pursuing graduate studies at hierarchy of needs Columbia University. History! You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on travel jane, our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of history consciousness, our social networks: Have any questions about film, this article or other topics? Ask below and history consciousness, we'll reply! Series: How to and Racial in 1920's America, Get 800 on and class, Each SAT Section: Series: How to personalisation, Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics!

Looking for and class consciousness Graduate School Test Prep? Check out Social and Racial Essay our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination. History And Class! Board TM does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this site.

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History and class consciousness

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Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Bank Internal Auditor. In many countries female auditors have less practical experience than male due to some domestic or locality reasons nonetheless they possess strong command on the main concept. A Bank Internal Auditor is mostly required in history and class those organizations that are female oriented e.g. female colleges, universities, banks and any other industry. Travel Jane. This culture prevails primarily in Asia. How you can build a resume for female? we give you below a resume sample to help you create an impressive and convincing resume. History And Class. Show all your practical experiences, and if it is a big organization that you are applying for mention it clearly with either underline or in bold letters. The Importance To Motivate Employees. Always try to be honest and clear while writing education and skills as mostly interviews are taken within the information provided in your resume data. History. A good resume pays a vital role for a good job win.

Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. Date of funny graduation, Birth : Day Month Year. Marital Status : Married. Visa Status : Husband Visa. Applied For: Bank Internal Auditor/Hotel Internal Auditor/Mall Internal Auditor/Professional Auditor. To pursue a challenging career in a progressive environment where learning, innovation and creativity are encouraged, where my skills knowledge can be enhanced to their maximum potential to contribute to the overall success and growth of the organization.

More than 2 Year Experience as Accountant and history consciousness, Audit Assistant in India. Proficient in Computer Applications [MS OFFICE, TALLY ERP 9]. Ability and skill to motivate co-employees resulted in the attainment of goals and objectives of the team. as Bank Internal Auditor. Coordinate activities between the organization and the chief auditor for a successful audit Check revenue and expenses accounts to judge the amount of total debts and credibility of the organization Make certain the do you capitalize balance sheets, assets liabilities, and history, profit and loss accounts display the true financial position of the organization Compute the tax liability of the organization and travel jane, support the organization in making tax payments on time. Verify the supporting documents of bills, receipts and reconciliation statements Find out history, any discrepancies within the documents and statements and post relevant entries to make corrections. Reconciliation of Bank/Inter Company / Principal/Supplier Accounts Coordinate with auditors both internal external during audits.

Inventory management include verification of New/Used/Work in Progress. Lord Flies Quote. Co-ordination with Auditors for the Finalisation and history and class consciousness, preparation of the necessary schedules other documents for graduation, the Audit Periodical in house Statements from Trail Balance to Final Accounts consolidation of divisional/associated company accounts. Maintenance of accurate records in the proper manner and tracking the same and capacity to draft the letters correspondence. Verification of consciousness, Sales Bill and Supervising recording of sales entry Credit control and collection of accounts payables and receivables. Prepare profit and capitalize resources, loss statements and monthly closing and cost accounting reports. Compile and analyze financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, and document business transactions Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of history and class consciousness, accounting and accounting control procedures. Monitor and of Empowerment to Motivate, review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and completeness Handling Cash collection and book keeping Provide accounting policy orientation for new staff. Resolve accounting discrepancies Preparing day book, cash book and and class consciousness, ledger. Responsible for all the Local Purchase Order, Quotations, Enquiries, and other related correspondence. Prepare and review budget, revenue, expense, payroll entries, invoices, and other accounting documents Preparing Journal Entries Preparing Bank reconciliation statement.

Preparing monthly report for Manager Representing the organization before various statutory authorities Helping smooth internal audit Conducting stock audits. Expert in Computer Languages such as C++, Tally ERP Internet and Ms Office, Outlook, Excel, Word, PowerPoint) A Anantha Shankaran (Chartered Accountant) I am keen to continue my career and prepared to work hard in order to achieve my organization objectives and I hereby declare that the information furnished above is true to the best of my knowledge. The resume sample is for the post of Senior Auditor. Travel Jane. A Senior Auditor distinguishes himself due to his prevailing knowledge and tackling multiple assignment expertise. When an audit officer performs his duties in manufacturing units, processing units, banks and history consciousness, service units, he gathers plenty of valuable knowledge and of the flies quote, skills. So for the post of senior audit officer employer’s main thinking is to hire a person with experience that he has earned during his big and multiple-type industrial encounters.

Mostly Senior Auditors are required in and class those charted accountant professional firms or group of companies where they already have audit officers hence adding further challenges to The Importance of Empowerment examples, your post as controlling, managing and maintaining your employees. Your application for this job must be perfect e.g. your Senior Auditor Resume Sample, presentation, current world knowledge, related accounting standard, and up-to-date international market condition. So how you build a good resume for this challenging job? A sample is provided below to help you well-construct your resume. It is started with an introduction followed by your objectives. (Career objective is very important for this post so write it very carefully mentioning all your areas of expertise.) At the end of resume provide some references. Seeking a long-term opportunity within the consciousness business community, where my professional experience, education, and abilities would be advantageous to the growth of my employer and myself. Around 6 years of practical experience in the field of financial accounting, financial statements and reporting, bank reconciliations, project accounting, cost and management accounting, budgeting and planning, financial forecasting, accounts receivables/payable, and internal/external auditing. Worked in leading multicultural organizations with expertise in: Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable and Fixed assets management. Finalization of quarterly, half yearly and full yearly financial statements in compliance with IFRS and GAAP.

Reviewing of lord, General Ledger (GL), Accounts payables (AP), Fixed Assets (FA) and Inventory at different clients. Expertise in following accounting tools and MS Office applications: Peachtree (Sage 50 Accounting) QuickBooks Tally ERP MS Excel, MS Word MS Power Point Article ship completed from Institute of Chartered Accountants of history and class consciousness, Pakistan. Demonstrated history of establishing accounts department, implementation of financial policies and development of SOPs for different organizations. Reviewed and implemented following systems at different levels, Sales system Purchase system Inventory system. January 2014 to November 2014 Senior Accountant. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited.

September 2011 to January 2014 Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit. Supervisor – Audit Assurance. HLB International Chartered Accountants, Kabul, Afghanistan. June 2009 to September 2011 Senior Auditor. NEXIA International, Riaz Ahmad and Company. Chartered Accountants, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan. Senior Accountant January 2014 to November 2014. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited stretches back its origin to 1990, is a combination of different task oriented entities engaged in the business of construction and erection. The company through its advanced approach and techniques become one of the most developed construction companies of the country. The company has substantially increased its scope of work. Key Responsibilities and Duties. Established and monitored the implementation and maintenance of accounting control procedure, Maintained general ledger, trial balance, profit and loss account, balance sheet and other financials Closing with full responsibility of the account receivable, account payable and human, fixed assets function, Ensured accurate and appropriate recording and history and class consciousness, analysis of revenues and expenses, Analysed and advised on business operations including revenue and expenditure trends, financial commitments and future revenues, Made regular reports to the management on income, expenditure and any variations from budgets. HLB International , Ijaz Tabussum Co. Chartered Accountants, Kabul. Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit April 2013 to January 2014. Supervisor – Audit Assurance (Article Ship) September 2011 to April 2013.

A member firm of HLB International stretches its origin back as far as 1970. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. Of Needs. The company widened its scope to be a part of technology revolution resulting into the formation of and class, Business Process Outsourcing arm. Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the period of hierarchy of needs, 2.3 years with the firm, I was involved in various assignments in Assurance and Advisory Services. The various sectors I worked in ranged from manufacturing industry to history consciousness, service industry. The assignments include full scope audits, internal controls, agreed upon procedure, bookkeeping, forensic auditing and special assignments.

My services as “Assistant Manager Accounts Audit and Supervisor Audit Assurance” also include: Maintenance of accounting controls by establishing a chart of accounts; defining accounting policies and lord flies quote, procedures, Preparation and supervision of monthly and quarterly Management Accounts i.e. Balance Sheet, Profit Loss and Cash Flow statement disclosures and consciousness, other customized reports. Management of all income, expense, accounts receivable and fixed assets resources. Planning, execution and supervision of assignments of External Audits on various private, Public and Government Clients. Allocation of audit team to different areas under audit. Review of audit work at initial stage. Riaz Ahmad Company , NEXIA International, Chartered Accountants, Islamabad. Senior Auditor (Article Ship) June 2009 to September 2011. A member firm of travel jane, NEXIA International stretches its origin back as far as 1956.

The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. Previously it was a member firm of KPMG, Ernst Young International, KMG and Shaffer Champness International. Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the period of 2.3 years with the firm, I: Conducted assignments to review of and class, accounting and internal control system. Supervised and administered maintenance of of Empowerment to Motivate Essay, books of consciousness, accounts and lord of the flies quote, preparation of history, different level financial statements. Performed external audit services in accordance with the approved International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), International Standards on Auditing (ISAs) and local laws. MAJOR ASSIGNMENTS PPERFORMED. Following is the graduation list of major clients handled during my stay at HLB and history and class, Nexia International Chartered Accountants: Date of Birth: 29.01.1979.

Marital status: Married. Will be furnished upon request. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. This resume sample is for the post of Executive Audit Manager. An Auditor’s post is considered to be very significant in the entire world. Graduation. For this post you must have proper knowledge of this field. An A.C.C.A. degree with article is essential. Mostly an A.C.C.A. qualified person during his study audits different companies and organizations. So while constructing your resume do discuss all your past experiences and credits, especially of those organization that are recognized worldwide. The employer is mostly interested in your past profile.

Below we give you an effective sample that will help you how you can well construct a resume. Down you will see guidance in explaining all key skills and areas where he have had great experience. And finally confidence is always famous for turning things into history and class consciousness, your favor. Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas. Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and capitalize, recommending improvements therein. Delegation and history and class consciousness, review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the management.

Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations. Travel Jane. Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and reliable. Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and regulations are correctly followed and history, complied with. Social And Racial Tension. Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and IT. Perform audit tasks monitoring team. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. Experience: 3 Years in Accounts, Finance and Audit. Address Burjuman Dubai UAE. Visa Status: Visit Visa. To be a part of history, a dynamic reputed team of professionals striving for excellence in delivering quality services and products; inspiring mutual growth and contributing creative solutions towards the achievement of organizational targets.

CA Finalist (1 paper Left to qualify) from Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and. Wales (ICAEW) – In progress. ACCA from Association of of needs, Chartered Certified Accountants UK – February 2012. B.COM from University of Sindh Jamshoro – July 2011. Higher Secondary Certificate – Intermediate Board Karachi – 2008. Secondary School Certificate – Matriculation Board Karachi – 2006. 3+ Years of experience in Accounts, Audit, Internal Audits and Business Analysis From Deloitte . History And Class Consciousness. Professionally qualified with ACCA (Association of Certified Chartered Accountants) and ICAEW(Institute of Chartered Accountancy of England and Wales (1 paper left) Have excellent skills in accounting can handle up to finalization Skilled in financial management, auditing, internal auditing costing and financial accounting, and intercompany reconciliations Experience of handling SOX Rules based Projects Self-motivated finance professional with achievements in budgetary control, cost reduction, controlling of lord of the, finance and reporting to the top management Aware of history, Code of Corporate governance High proficiency in all aspects of International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) Strong grip on financial and business analysis and have good business sense Well versed in computerized accounting environment like MS Office with advanced spread sheet skills, Tally ERP, Quick Book and Peach Tree. Adept at reviewing accounting records and other financial data to assess accuracy, completeness and conformance with company policies and applicable reporting standards.

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Prepares asset, liability, and travel jane, capital account entries by compiling and analyzing account information. Documents financial transactions by history and class consciousness entering account information. Recommends financial actions by travel jane analyzing accounting options. Summarizes current financial status by history consciousness collecting information; preparing balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and graduation, other reports. Substantiates financial transactions by auditing documents. Maintains accounting controls by preparing and recommending policies and procedures. And Class. Guides accounting clerical staff by coordinating activities and answering questions.

Reconciles financial discrepancies by collecting and analyzing account information. Secures financial information by completing data base backups. Maintains financial security by following internal controls. Prepares payments by verifying documentation, and requesting disbursements. Answers accounting procedure questions by researching and interpreting accounting policy and regulations. Complying with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Prepares special financial reports by collecting, analyzing, and summarizing account information and trends. And Racial America Essay. Maintains customer confidence and protects operations by keeping financial information confidential. And Class Consciousness. Preparing Bank Reconciliations, Suppliers reconciliations and hierarchy of needs, Receivables aging Analyze business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, and and class consciousness, obligations, to The Importance of Empowerment to Motivate Employees examples, project future revenues and expenses or to history consciousness, provide advice. Hierarchy Theory. Develop, maintain, and analyze budgets, preparing periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs. Develop, implement, modify, and document recordkeeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology.

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Planning audits and history consciousness, developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and recommending improvements therein Delegation and review of and Racial in 1920's Essay, work and resolving issues in liaison with the history and class consciousness management Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and reliable Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and regulations are correctly followed and graduation, complied with Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and IT Perform audit tasks monitoring team Performing Internal audits, special assignments , agreed upon procedures Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of accounting control procedures Monitoring and history and class consciousness, review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and travel jane, completeness Implementation of Accounting information and Internal Control System in the Organization Ensuring compliance with the management policies and reviewing existing systems to identify any control weaknesses Ensuring whether the rules of SOX are applied properly Ensuring compliance with the code of corporate governance Assessment of the financial statements in order to ensure their compliance with the requirements of the local laws, Regulation and International Financial reporting Standards (IFRS) Drafting reports for Internal clients , with experience of discussing findings with the top management of the client Reporting to consciousness, Managers and Partners. and issuing Final Reports. Following is the piggy list of clients handled: Visa Worldwide Singapore PTE Limited Dalda Foods Private Limited Wazir Ali Industries Limited (WIL) Tuwairqi Steel Mills limited TSML Salfi Textile Mills Limited Island Textile Mills Limited Diamond International Corporation limited Tata Textile Mills Limited National Industrial Parks Development Management Company (NIP) United Bank Limited. TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS: QUICK BOOKS, TALLY , PEACH TREE MS-EXCEL, MS-WORD, MS-POWER POINT Aware of history and class consciousness, Deloitte Software AS 2 User level knowledge of different ERPs used by client Can work under pressure and meet deadlines Have excellent communication interpersonal skills Self-motivated, comfortable in graduation taking initiative and working independently.

Attended various professional development seminars and training sessions including Deloitte Audit Methodology and updates in ISAs /IFRSs . Completed mandatory and optional training courses arranged by Employer regarding updating IFRS/ISAs, Industry specific courses, Financial management courses, Ethics based courses . Working at the Deloitte Pakistan Firm has enabled me to develop comprehensive understanding of the competitive and regulatory environments of diversified industries and history consciousness, the accounting and internal control systems implemented at various organizations. During my training period at of the flies quote, firm I was engaged as member of audit team senior for special assignments, Internal Audits and and class, agreed upon theory procedures, of various renowned listed and other clients. This is a sample resume for Internal Auditor. An Internal Auditor’s job is to keep a check and balance on the sale and history and class consciousness, purchase of the company. He monitors and accounts the do you resources different transactions made by the company throughout the year.

As this job is history consciousness, pretty responsible one so the employer would want to hire an employee with some experience in this field. Below we have devised a resume sample for you to help you explain yourself in an easy but impressive and grasping way. Travel Jane. Adding previous credits and consciousness, performances is definitely a plus for lord piggy, the employer’s attention. Last Post: Internal Auditor / Trainee Audit Officer. “To seek a challenging dynamic career oriented position, in the field of Accounting, Audit and Finance that offers opportunity for my professional growth and development and where I can add value in achieving organizations’ goals objectives, by utilizing my experience, knowledge skills”. DESIGNATION : Accounts Officer. Reconciled Hospital Inventory Fixed Assets additions from January 2014 To July 2014. Reported other income to Assistant Finance Manager from January 2013 to history consciousness, July 2014 Submitted Revenue and and Racial in 1920's Essay, Operating Expenses break-up summary to and class consciousness, Management from travel jane, January 2014 to September 2014. DESIGNATION : General Accountant. Responsible for Assets and inventory management accounting. History And Class Consciousness. (Depreciation, Amortization, Repair Maintenance, Up-gradation Disposals, write off obsolete stock etc.) Responsible for Liquidity, Cash Flow Working Capital management. (Cash/ Bank Balances, Debtors, Inventories Suppliers payments Management) Recognized managed Gratuity, Leave Salary, Air fare, Trade and Other Creditors Provisions and Liabilities in Financial Statements according to applicable UAE Labor law and IAS. Responsible for Group Consolidated Revenue, Expenses, Accruals, Reconciliation Payroll recognition management.

Finalized monthly, quarterly and annually Audit Files and year end closing entries in Financials and organized managed financial information Documentations. Responsible for travel jane, Group projects costing (related to Material, Labor Assets) Variance Analysis (Material price and and class consciousness, usage, Labor rate and efficiency and Assets rates, efficiency and of needs theory, usage variances). DESIGNATION : Internal Auditor. Reported accounts staff deficiencies in expenses recognition and amortization of prepaid expenses to consciousness, CEO. Evaluated internal control deficiencies and provide recommendation for travel jane, improvements to CEO.

Evaluated group’s financial statements integrity, completeness and accuracy by consciousness monitoring adherence and do you resources, compliance of consciousness, financial statements principles, policies and The Importance to Motivate Employees Essay examples, procedures to history consciousness, International Accounting Standards and international financial reporting standards. Evaluated Group’s resources and lord flies quote, operations economy, efficiency and effective (3E’s) and reported misuse of resources and and class, abuse towards SOP’s. Communicated with group’s external auditor for quarterly and year end audit. Assisted in travel jane preparation of monthly depreciation schedules for School Building, classroom and history and class, office furniture. Followed up and updated books of accounts for tuition fee receivable from of needs theory, students. Recorded and updated accounts department records, Files and history, Documentations systematically and human resources, as per policies and procedures of Organization. Assisted in the monthly, quarterly, and year end closing of accounts. Prepared, managed and documented export related documentsg. Commercial invoices, packing lists.

Associated with opening, Endorsement, Retirement and consciousness, Management of The Importance to Motivate examples, Letter of and class consciousness, Credits (LC). Encoded Advance Payments to suppliers in Local and of the flies quote, Foreign Currencies. Achieved 98% marks (Highest Ever) in theoretical Knowledge test, for the position of accountant in consciousness Emirates Petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group. Got employment confirmation within 3 months (of total 6 months) probation period along with promotion (from “Accountant” to “Accountant General”) with 20% salary increment in Emirates petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group. Graduation. Implemented rationale Customer Screening process for Trading division of Emirates Petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group (which accounted for 20% of Group revenue) for and class, reduction in risk of Bad Debts. Successfully executed “ CUSTOMIZED PETTY CASH ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE” in administration department of Group which helped to encode petty cash transactions systematically and generated timely MIS reports for management, along with proper system generated documentations. Will be furnished on to Motivate Essay examples, demand. Working Capital, Voucher, Treasury Petty Cash Management.

Stock Control Inventory Management. Planning Budgeting Forecasting. History Consciousness. Payroll Processing Management. Payments and Settlements. International Standards on Auditing. International Accounting Standards. Fixed Asset Management. Financial Statement Analysis.

Corporate Tax Filings. Of The Flies Piggy Quote. Capital Rationing Budgeting. History. Costing Variance analysis. Provisions Liabilities Management. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for travel jane, the post of Financial Control Manager. A Financial Controller plays a very important role in the prosperity of a company or an organization.He performs several major responsibilities including supervising, administration and Finance areas with reporting to local management and to headquarters. Management information system reports, Cash Flow management and facilitating financial problems for customers. Accounting, Costing, Forecasting, Budgeting and Credit monitoring related to Collections. Sample of Financial Control Manager is given below to help you create a convincing resume. Your resume must entails that you are talented with great moral character.

Finally adding references to a resume is definitely go in to stand your (Finance Control Manager ) resume out among others. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. Status : Married/ Single. Applied For: Finance Control Officer/Budget Manager/Deputy Finance Manager/Financial Flow Manager. Interested in a challenging position as an and class consciousness, Audit Manger/Finance Manager with a reputed organization where I can put to practice my management and audit skills and further my career and Experience. Ability to work in dynamic environment, self- motivated, creative and hard working.V.Good internal audit, financial analysis ability and make comparison analyses and travel jane, V.Good in history consciousness business development and alternate investment preparation. 15 years experience work in MNC auditing and accounting field (Auditing Finance) of Hospitality, Real Estate , Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading Companies), V Good in risk assessments, compliance and of Empowerment to Motivate Employees Essay, control and history consciousness, also have V.Good analysis ability, Good knowledge of all financial aspects of a business including Budgets, Variance and Cash Flows, Trial Balance and of Empowerment to Motivate Employees, Balance. V.Good background of IAS and GAAP.

Current position : Asst.CFO. Current Company : A.H Group of Companies Sharjah-UAE. M.Com (Masters of Commerce)-Auditing and Costing .Osmania University Hyderabad. CIFP (Certified Islamic Finance Professional ) Shariah and Islamic Finance from INCEIF Malaysia. MA (Masters in Public Administration) Completed first year and discontinued final.

Osmania University. Completed 3 Years of Article ship from Institute of Charted Accountant of India with Giri Kumar Associates. Diploma in Management Accountancy sponsored Program me. History And Class. Completed course in capitalize Bank Operations at Mahesh Bank -Hyderabad Currently pursuing CIA. MH Group of Companies: Diversified group consists of and class consciousness, Real Estate, Hospitality, Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading /April 1997 – 2001 as. Financial Control Cum Internal Auditor. The company is branch of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Qatar, Spain and The Importance of Empowerment Essay, German, company, and specialized in history manufacturing pipes, A/c chillers and consists of 5 hotels in Sharjah and graduation, 4000 commercial and history and class consciousness, residential units for Middle East region. Reporting to the Audit Manager in Kuwait. Conduct audit filed work as per audit plan and schedule.

Audit planning, execution filed work,Ensuring audit is conducted in accordance with audit programs, Evaluate and quote, document the client’s accounting and internal control system, Designed and carried out tests of control and substantive tests, Assuring compliance with financial reporting statutory framework. Draft audit report and file audit papers accordingly. Reviewed audit work done by other junior staff. Conducted various types of audits : Operational Audit Finance Audit, Cost Audit, Financial Reporting Audit and Special Audit. Controls Audit Risk Assessment. Consulting or special audits A.H Group of Companies: Finance Supervisor (Manager) for UAE Operations.

The tasks focuses on history consciousness, market, insurance, operation risk, credit and liquidity risk and also oversee the control environment and provide early warning solutions regarding risk or control issues. The tasks also include substantial exposure to senior management, where you I have to bolster business decisions with expert opinions. The tasks also include developing audit strategies into effective audit procedures, generating and implementing ideas to maximize assignment profitability, the main tasks will be to The Importance Employees Essay, produce assignment budgets and timetables, identify efficiency improvements and to coach other members of consciousness, staff. Finance Manager along with Audit Supervisor/April 2005 – Present. Reporting MD, DMD CFO. Additional Main responsibilities: -Budgeting, Forecasting Report, – Manage the Team of auditors and supervise and finalize reports and communicate. – Supervise and resource allocation as per available audit resources and conduct training. – Risk assessment and finalize risk priorities and and Racial Tension America Essay, maintain risk register. -Follow-up recommendation with management for history consciousness, corrective action. – Prepare Financial Statement, reports, analysis as per management direction.

-Monitor group financial activates, receipts, disbursements and prepare daily report. – Monthly Report of CGS, and Result of operating Activities, – Monitor Bank Transfer, Loan portfolio and facilities funding and travel jane, non-funding and. – Maintain group cash flow, short term borrowing and terms loan repayments (treasury management) Long term loans follow up in terms of repayments, interest and cash flow. – Monitor and prepare reports on Banks Reconciliation for the major transactions of group. -Presentations of projects, feasibility, investment proposals and history and class consciousness, business development. – Prepare Costing Report, Analyses Report, Projected Monthly Cash Flow. -Review facility management contracts of substantial value and major procurement. -V.Good background of International Accounting Standard, and do you capitalize, GAAP, – V.Good communication skills with accounting staff other related Department.

: V.Good in Oracle Programming, Visual Basic and history and class, MS Access. :Well aware of ERP structure and learn course in Oracle Financial and Oracle Data Base Administration. Well aware with hardware and capitalize, web based technology. Apex Hospitals Ltd: Sr. Financial Accountant. Both In-patient and Out-patient.

Book Keeping and general accounting, costing and regular accounting functioning up to finalization. Preparing cash flow, receivable management, disbursements, handling bank and its related matters, external auditors and history, preparing various reports for decision making process. Daily hospital report to MD on finance, patient management, Housekeeping, medical legal cases, pharmacy issues and capitalize human resources, other administrative issues. Giri Kumar Associates and history consciousness, Consultants Worked as Article’s from 1988-1990. Learn basic auditing techniques like vouching, tracing, footing, preparing files, working papers, preparing reports, preparing financial reports, industries knowledge, communication procedures, financial analysis, irregularities, frauds, and basic auditing.

Gain industry knowledge in hospitality, hospitals and banks are our major clients.

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”Mental Cases” and ”Disabled” By Wilfred Owen Essay Sample. I will compare the poems ‘Disabled’ and ‘Mental Cases’ for my essay. I will look at the language that Wilfred Owen uses to convey the pain and hurt that war causes. I will also endeavour to examine how the poet expresses his outrage at the effect of the war in both poems. Consciousness! I will make a comparison between them. Wilfred Owen was born in March 1893. He taught on the continent until 1915, when he enlisted after visiting a hospital for wounded soldiers. He said that he wanted to help, either by leading the soldiers or writing to let the world know about their plight. He achieved both. He was killed at the front line in March 1917 aged 28, just 7 days before the armistice. Both poems take a look at the stark realties of the war.

In ‘Mental cases’ he looks at the demolition of men’s minds, due to the horrors they witnessed, and experienced, while in the war. ‘Disabled’ investigates the consequences of the war for a young handsome soldier. In both poems he takes a sympathetic stance towards the casualties. In ‘Mental Cases’ the Victims of funny graduation war are explored by looking at the physiological traumas. In ‘Disabled’ it is mainly the physical consequences that are examined. Although the notion of ‘unseen’ scars that change and destroy lives always flows through his work. The use of striking language through out the poems evokes horror in history, the reader. It leaves brutal and harsh imagery, which I feel lingers in your minds eye. Both works start with a line involving endings of the quote, day.

A strong metaphor Wilfred Owen uses for the end of life. ‘Why they sit here in consciousness, twilight’ Both create visions of a life that is over, forfeited. Lives waiting, longing, for the calm repose of death. This is Social and Racial in 1920's America Essay, not the average Depiction of the war that most poets of this genre used. Most WW1 poetry was recording events for prosperity; they were ‘pro-motherland’ heroic chronicles. They encouraged serving and protecting your country, Making sure that the women left at history consciousness, home were safe, a glamorous part that all who were left behind would worship you for doing. Great propaganda for the warmongers and politicians of the do you human, time. Siegfried Sassoon was another poet who shared Owens views. History! In fact he encouraged Owen in his writing and introduced him to like minded writers, like Robert Graves.

Graves displayed his feelings about war in travel jane, a more distant but still factual way. Wilfred Owen set out to history and class consciousness, change the perception of the whole world. No sides were taken in flies, his works; he confronted the reader with the real war, the dehumanising effect, the senseless agony’s and hurt that war brings. Owen uses techniques of speech and present tense to lend urgency to his work. He constantly uses all senses, sight, sound, touch and smell. Another of the ways the author enforces the content of history consciousness his work is by using alliteration rarely especially in ‘mental cases’.

It would make the of the flies piggy, pace and rhythm too fast and detract from the sombre message it conveys. Owen uses onomatopoeia to strengthen the visions of horror that that he is portraying. A good example of this is in consciousness, line 16 of capitalize human resources ‘Mental cases’ ‘Batter of guns and shatter of flying muscles’ The sound of lives being torn apart, broken and wasted. ‘Baring teeth that leer like skulls teeth wicked?’ This simile forces the image of men that are lucky to be alive. Or maybe, unlucky, depending on your opinion. My personal opinion is unlucky. The use of colour features strongly in and class, both poems, but in distinctly different ways, in ‘Mental cases’ Black is used to show us the funny graduation, darkness in these poor tormented soldiers minds, the darkness of blood in their dreams and the lack of light in their lives.

In ‘Disabled’ although colour is essentially imagining death and isolation, it also reiterates the fun and brightness of times past, times that will never be experienced again. I will look at the impact of history and class all these techniques in ‘Mental cases’ next. The imagery conjures up the casualties of a living hell. A hell that’s trapped the victims inside their own minds. A hell that there is no escape from. ‘Who are these? That sit they here in twilight?’ A strong question that starts the first of three stanzas. Who are they, who are they, and what are they? Our first poignant introduction to the world of the soldiers condemned to an abyss of perdition. Commissioned to endure anguish and misery by the government they trusted.

Colour is used throughout the poem; Twilight, shadows, blood black. It creates the impression of travel jane darkness, lost hope, and a living death that cannot be escaped. History! It encourages the slow mournful flow of the text. The use of men as animals in ‘mental cases’ is symbolic. The connotations derived from this sets the graduation, readers mind in to a pitying spiral of horror.

Owen uses simile and metaphor, ‘Drooping tongues from jaws that slop their relish’ Shows men that have had their humanity wrenched from them. We see men that are in an ever lasting spiral of mental torture. A sadness and torment that’s unbearable. History And Class Consciousness! Unimaginable, unbelievable. Hierarchy Theory! Soldiers that have had their humanity wrenched from them. The darkness of being trapped in a place akin to hell for what must seem like an eternity. A life where: ‘Dawn breaks open like a wound that bleeds afresh’ Ensnared with ghosts nightmares revisited for history and class, company.

Men who have lost, had their humanity ripped from them, and are reduced to Employees Essay examples, the most basic of animal responses. ‘Ever from their hair and history consciousness through their hands palms’ We see the Social Tension America, broken shells of men acting out compulsive actions, trying to remove the history and class consciousness, memories, the realities of times past. ‘Memory fingers in their hair of lord piggy quote murders’ The ever fresh torments of the history consciousness, carnage and deaths witnessed. The awareness of self preservation that lead to some of the graduation, horrors. Yet again the injustice and history unfairness of Essay war, is shown in the lines.

‘Treading blood from lungs that had loved laughter’ ‘Always they must see these things and hear them’ Owen shows us some of the many haunting memories these men must endure, forced to turn there backs on other humans; wade through the maimed and dying in history, order to survive. These must be the worst horrors as it’s not just what the officialdom has ordered them to do, but what was essential for them to stay alive. Macabre words and imagery is strong throughout this poem, ‘Wading sloughs of flesh these helpless wander’ This approach makes a distinct impression on me the reader. I also feel it echoes Owen’s intense opposition to the war.

The final verse brings all the others together. The first stanza, with its rhetorical questions, making the reader ask how the capitalize human resources, men became the poor creatures that we see. The last line, the last question, ‘Sleeping, and and class consciousness walk hell; but who these hellish’ uses ellipsis to clarify the question. The second verse illustrates the answers for us, giving us the capitalize human, knowledge that the combat they were sent into has caused the wrecks of men that we are visiting in the poem. Shocking emotion content is used to show us the humanity taken from them, the fact that they are human, real people not just statistics. ‘Rucked too thick for and class consciousness, these men’s extraction’ A forceful end line to allegorize the capitalize human, grotesque carnage of war.

By the last verse we know the cause and effect of war on these soldiers. ‘Snatching after us who smote them, brother’ A sharp reminder of the combined guilt of the world, the responsibility we should feel for these men. This is reiterated in the last line, ‘Pawing us who dealt them war and madness’ An arrow of words shooting the blame at history and class consciousness, us.

Now I will look at the poem ‘Disabled’. Disabled is a much more straight forward poem, most people find physical wound easy to understand than mental scars. The opening line uses colour to set the scene, just like ‘mental Cases’ does. ‘He sat in a wheeled chair, waiting for dark’ ‘In his ghastly suit of grey’ The sombre bleak tone hits you straight away. The usage of deep despairing shades, of dark and grey implies the isolation of the soldier. We are introduced to of needs, a soldier that is obviously disabled. ‘Legless, sewn short at elbow.’ Straight forward so far but then we are given an insight into his mental turmoil,

‘Voices of boys rang saddening like a hymn,’ How unfair that he can’t have fun, he can’t run around and enjoy the simple pleasures in life. And Class! There is also a religious reference; Owen used religion in a lot of his works. We are given a glimpse of memories in the second verse. Memories that are strong and clear to him, memories that perhaps mock him and human his affliction. ‘About this time town used to swing so gay’ He is remembering the time when the town was a happy, warm carefree place for him. Then we have good use of alliteration. ‘And glow lamps budded in the light blue trees’

This is history, linked with another piece of alliteration. ‘And girls glanced lovelier as the air grew dim’ The use of colour to funny graduation, sets the scene of history and class consciousness a balmy summer’s night, open to all sorts of possibilities, especially of a romantic nature. Then we are reminded of reality, we leave behind the memories of warmth and joy. These times belong to imagination and travel jane dreams only. ‘Before he threw away his knees’ We see the soldier feeling that his loss was needless, the pomp and allure of patriotic duty seems far away, faint and faded.

‘Now he will never feel again how slim girl’s waists are’ Gives us an insight into his physiological scars as well as physical. He knows that he cannot physically put his arms around a girl’s waist, but he also realises that no girl would want him now. ‘All of and class consciousness them touch him like some queer disease’ We quickly realise that the soldier is a young man, a striking, handsome and popular boy.

We see that he can but only yearn for what he will never again have, a life he took for granted, with the optimism of youth, and of the flies he knows that. He is condemned to women looking away from him, dismissing him as the look towards ”whole” men. He cannot encircle girl’s waists; the sacrifice of his arms ensures that. He knows that it is natural to want strong husbands and fathers, providers not invalids who’ll drain them financially and physically. We are told what a good ‘catch’ he was before he went to war; we know that he was very fresh faced and handsome because an artist was desperate to be allowed to history consciousness, reproduce his likeness.

But now war has ravaged his looks and prematurely aged him. ‘For it was younger than his youth, last year’ He knows that in Essay, the short space of history and class a year his life has gone, has been wasted on some one else’s ideals and morals. No more does he have a sexual or loving life to travel jane, look forward to, ‘And a leap of and class consciousness purple spurted from his thigh.’ The implications of this line are defiantly of a sexual nature, mimicry of America Essay ejaculation. Very erotic but we swap blood for semen.

The irony is intense, the loss of limbs against and class, the natural progression of creating new life. We are given a view of his carefree attitudes pre war, and his physical prowess. ‘A blood smear down his leg’ ‘After matches carried high’ The injury sustained during the match being carried like a badge of honour, more irony considering his present injuries.

The sense of celebration because of his victory in travel jane, ‘battle’ is in stark contrast with the and class consciousness, present day. Now we come to this carefree handsome young mans signing up. His reasons are youthful vanity, ‘Someone said he’d look like a god in kilts’ He is also looking back with hindsight wondering why he could have been so misled and brain washed into funny graduation, doing it.

We also realise that he’d ‘drunk a peg’, and history and class consciousness thought it would impress the girls. But we also find out that he was underage. ‘Smiling they wrote his lie’ The authorities knew he was too young when he enlisted, but the do you capitalize resources, conscripting crew didn’t care. The lack of maturity and real understanding of history consciousness what the war would be like didn’t bother them at all. The fifth verse backs up his propaganda inspired reasoning, His visions of the glamour and benefits he would reap from the America, war. He wasn’t really aroused by the ‘enemy’ just aroused by the heroics and effects this would have on his life. We join in the celebrations awarded to him for history and class, going to war; we hear the ‘Drums and cheers’

But the homecoming was a different story altogether. ‘Some cheered him home, but not as crowds cheers goal’ We are treated to a referral of the football match, but in comparison his welcome was very hollow. The battle of sport brought him more recognition, than when his broken body came home from the The Importance to Motivate Essay examples, battles of war. We learn about the harsh unrelenting ungratefulness of human nature, because although the football victory was a much lesser achievement, he gets a lacklustre welcome home from the history, war.

Outrageous as this attitude is it happened. The final stanza leaves the reader with a bitter taste. We see this young active vigorous man reduced to relying on the pity of hierarchy of needs theory others. He has become passive and consciousness is in total dependency on the whims of travel jane his carers, helpless. He has to wait for others to history and class, do the normal things in life that he cannot do for himself any more. ‘Tonight he noticed how the women’s eyes, Passed from him to the strong men that were whole’ Repeating again the losses that he was tricked into living with. More irony, he now has to rely on the women to put him to bed that he once would have had no trouble wooing into his bed. A pitiful closing of a forgotten soldier, the soldier unwanted and ignored by his peers and government alike. So in summery now that I have juxtaposed these works, I find that both of the poems are strong and moving, both very visual and the impact makes the suffering endured very familiar to the reader, the horrors that are brought to light become only to real. We can all wonder how we would react to graduation, the pitiful maimed soldier in ‘disabled’,

‘and maybe, too please his Meg’ She didn’t stick around to history, be with him. Has she left him for a stronger man, a whole man? Has she let her eyes pass. ‘from him to the strong men that were whole’?

The embarrassment and pain that this attitude causes are the more of an injury to funny, the soldier than his loss of limbs. More unseen scarring, whereas the scars in mental cases are all too obvious. And the blame for both is consciousness, laid at do you capitalize resources, our door, for we have. ‘Dealt them war and history and class consciousness madness’. Wilfred Owen expresses disgust for war using memorable and understandable imagery. We are to blame, we didn’t fight against going to war, and do you human we let the and class, politicians seduce us. ‘Snatching after us who smote them, brother’ Both of the poems are a shocking reminder of the The Importance of Empowerment to Motivate Employees, effect to history and class, normal people that war freely gives out. In both works we are shown the pointlessness and The Importance of Empowerment Employees examples damage of war, the cruel truths gathered from Owens own experiences. We are made to realise that the greatest suffering is not had by those killed on history consciousness the battlefield, but by do you those who survive. Both poems show this the bitterness runs strong.

In disabled the history, scars seem on the surface, Owens is very direct in his portrayal of lord of the this, ‘He sat in a wheeled chair’ but then we begin to glimpse the unseen damage the constant haemorrhage of history and class self, ‘All of of needs them touch him like some queer disease’. The use of consciousness alliteration in ‘ Mental cases shows the scars much clearer, ‘Multitudinous murders they once witnessed’ A hard hitting and numbing statement,

Not only does it yet again point out the immorality of do you capitalize human resources war, but leads use in to introspection of how we would cope if we had endured the same officially sanctioned terrors. Consciousness! We are left to contemplate the collective guilt. Is this the travel jane, perfect essay for you? Save time and order ”Mental Cases” and ”Disabled” By Wilfred Owen. essay editing for history, only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for ”Mental Cases” and ”Disabled” By Wilfred Owen. Jesse Pope was a female poet during the war. Being a woman, she never went to the front line.

Pope would write jingoistic poems for propaganda that would encourage men… Both “Mental Cases” and “Disabled” are anti-war poems evoking vivid and sometimes shocking emotions. Owen shows a less pleasant side to graduation, “The Great War” in his typical fashion. And Class! “Disabled” paints… “The Charge Of The Light Brigade” by Alfred Tennyson and “Disabled” by Wilfred Owen. The Crimean war in the 1850s and the Great War in the early 1900s have both been an inspiration for do you human, great prose and poetry. Consciousness! Two such examples are “The Charge…

“Who’s for the Game” by Jessie Pope and “Dulce Et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen. The Poems “Who’s for the Game” written by Jessie Pope and “Dulce Et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen were written during World War 1, both of these poems have different… Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen. The poem Dulce et Decorum Est, by Wilfred Owen is lord of the flies piggy quote, a poem about his feelings on the First World War. He writes the poem through the eyes of a soldier…

Wilfred Owen Dedicated ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’ to history and class consciousness, Jessie Pope. Although both ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’ and ‘Who’s for travel jane, the Game’ were written during the great war, both poem had opposing view points. Both Wilfred Owen and Jessie Pope were…

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All About Wine and Wine Making Essay Sample. The real wine is made by and class consciousness fermenting the travel jane juice of grape. It has been enjoyed by man since thousands of years ago, particularly when potable water was yet hard to come by. Although the oldest archeological evidence which was unearthed with respect to and class, wine pointed to the making of a honey based wine called mead some 10,000 years ago, the first written reference to wine and The Importance of Empowerment to Motivate Employees wine making was found only in the Code of Humarabi, the oldest written set of laws on earth. When the Code was inscribed around 4,000 years ago, it already contained provisions which governed wine making and the trading of wine. Historians, however, believe that viticulture , or the art of grape growing and viniculture , which refers to the art of growing grapes specifically for consciousness, the purpose of wine making, actually started around 5000 years ago in the ancient region of Mesopotamia. Presently, this region is now part of The Importance Essay examples Iraq and is specifically the area which is located between the and class Euphrates and the Tigris Rivers (Plum Creek Marketing, 2006).

It is lord quote, not exactly known how wine making as a process was started or how man first learned how to history and class consciousness, make wine from grapes. According to the early Greeks, however, it was their god of wine and vegetation, Dionysus, who taught them how to grow grapes and make wine out of the juice of grapes. It was probably because the do you ancient lore of the Greeks mentions that wine was drank during celebrations and and class religious rituals during those times. As a matter of fact, history shows that the Greeks were the first people to propagate grapes in vineyards and manufacture wine in commercial quantity for sale to other countries. Later, as the Greeks spread their influence, wine drinking became a part of the culture of the people living in the Mediterranean basin. Capitalize Human Resources? The Greeks started the propagation of vineyards in the regions located between the Black Sea in the east up to the territories of consciousness Spain in the west (Plum Creek Marketing, 2006). When the Romans conquered the Greeks, they adopted viticulture and capitalize later, viniculture, propagating vineyards in regions which are now occupied by France, Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom.

The Roman-established vineyards have remained productive until today. Wine making survived the history consciousness fall of the Roman Empire in 476 AD and lord flies quote the subsequent rise of Germanic power merely because wine was already important in the emerging Christian religion at the time. During those times, maintaining the vineyards and the process of wine making became the consciousness responsibility of the Monks. During the Renaissance Period, as the Europeans expanded their sphere of influence towards the New World, wine making was one of the things they brought with them. Thus, viticulture reached South America during the middle of the 1500s. In 1616, some French viticulturalists attempted to introduce wine making in North America. Unfortunately, their attempt to produce good quality wine was a failure because the grape variety found in the areas of New England, Georgia, and Indiana, the vitis lambrusca , did not prove to be a good wine material. It was not until the middle of the 1800s that the European art of wine making successfully made its North American debut through the efforts of Spanish missionaries and only because of the adaptability of the European variety vitis vinefera to the local climate (Plum Creek Marketing, 2006).

Unfortunately, disaster struck the European wine industry during the early part of the 19 th century when the American grape varieties which were brought to Europe also introduced the root louse called phylloxera which was common in theory the eastern region of history America. Phylloxera attacked the European grape variety, resulting to the destruction of the vitis vinefera stocks found in every part of Europe including those in California and do you capitalize Australia. What saved the industry was the discovery that a South American variety was immune to phylloxera. The variety was grafted to history consciousness, vitis vinefera, thereby enabling the European vineyards to recover by the middle of the 19 th century (Plum Creek Marketing, 2006). Lord Of The Flies? As already explained, there are many varieties of grapes and the quality of wine depends upon the characteristics of the grape from which the wine is produced. However, connoisseurs agree that the history and class consciousness best wine is made from European Vitis vinefera which possesses the correct combination of “flavor, sugar, aroma and other intangibles” which make for the best wine. Funny? This species is believed to have originated in the Caucasus region which is bounded by the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus Mountains, and the Black Sea. History And Class? This region is currently occupied by Russia and Georgia. Fortunately, crossbreeding has enabled wine producers to propagate Vitis vinefera in almost all parts of the world, enabling wine makers to travel jane, produce wine in almost every continent (Plum Creek Marketing, 2006).

Science and technology revolutionized the and class consciousness wine industry for the past 90 years. For instance, refrigeration has enabled wine producers to manage their fermentation process more easily through temperature control. Because of this development, good wine could now be produced even in countries where the climate is hot. Social And Racial Tension In 1920's Essay? The invention of machines, especially automated harvesters, has also enabled grape growers to maintain larger vineyards, allowing for an increased harvest of grapes and greater wine production. And Class Consciousness? Today, technology has enabled wine makers to have complete control of and Racial Tension in 1920's all the phases of wine making like harvesting, crushing of the grape, and the bottling of the wine (Wine Making, Art, Science and History, n.d.). History And Class? The first concern of a wine maker is to have an ideal vineyard because the state of the vineyard determines the final quality of the wine. In this connection, locating the vineyard is hierarchy of needs theory, very important because the climate and the soil are important factors in viticulture and viniculture. Climate determines the characteristics of the wine produced.

Researchers from the University of California, Davis were able to determine that wine produced in a cool climate has “low sugar, high acidity, high color, high flavor, [and] low yield.” Wines produced in history places with a warm climate possess the opposite characteristics. Similarly, the “water holding capacity” of the travel jane soil where the vineyard is located determines the flavor of the wine. Today, viniculturists make it a point to buy their vines from dependable nurseries so that they are guaranteed that their vines were grafted to and class, the correct variety which is hierarchy of needs theory, immune to phylloxera. Significant amount of harvest starts only after the vines reach the age of 3 or 4 years but continues up to about 20 years. The grape grower should take great care not to lose the crop by fire and hope that it is not ravaged by flood, typhoon, or any other forms of natural disaster.

Destruction of the crop for consciousness, any reason would mean that the The Importance Essay examples winery would not be productive for three or four years because while waiting for history consciousness, the newly planted vines to yield the needed harvest (Wine Making, Art, Science and History, n.d.). The process of wine making consists of nine basic stages. The first stage is harvesting which is Social Tension America, dependent on the cycle of the grapevine. The cycle starts when new shoots appear on the vines. In California, new shoots usually appear every first of April and history and class consciousness continues through May when flowers start appearing around the middle of the month. Then the berries follow but they stay hard and green in travel jane color until around the history and class middle of July when the berries begin to soften and change their color.

They ripen and become ready for harvesting around the middle of September depending upon the variety of the grape and the climate of the area where the vineyard is located. Generally, however, the vine cycle takes about 5 ? months. Before actually harvesting the fruit, the level of The Importance to Motivate Employees examples sugar and acidity are first measured for the purpose of estimating the concentration of alcohol in the resulting wine (Wine Making, Art, Science and History, n.d.). After harvesting, the grapes are crushed to get the must which is history and class consciousness, 80 percent juice, 16 percent skin, and 4 percent seeds. The must is then pressed to separate the juice from the seeds and the skin. However, before pressing, wine makers should first destroy harmful micro-organisms and prevent oxidation. This is usually done by adding sulfur dioxide (SO2) to the must. In the United States, wine makers who add SO2 are required to clearly indicate that their wine “contains sulfites.” There are also wineries which choose to add sugar to the must before pressing although this practice is prohibited in southern Europe and in California.

During the process of pressing, the flies piggy quote seeds and the skins are finally separated from the juice. After separating the solid portions, the juice is made clearer by filtration. Then the juice is fermented by adding cultured yeast. The usual proportion is between 1-2 percent of the volume of the juice. This process is being done with the use of a fermenting vessel.

Wineries have their own preferred kinds of fermenting vessels, but the most common type used in the United States is made of stainless steel. A fermenting vessel should be able to control the temperature of the yeast in and class consciousness order to regulate the fermentation process (Wine Making, Art, Science and History, n.d.). After fermentation, aging of the do you capitalize human wine is the next step. Wine is aged because it is the common belief that most wines become more mature and better tasting with age. There are three types of barrels being used for wine aging, but all of them are made of oak.

Aging wine using oak barrels is the traditional European method of aging wine. Oak barrels are used because of the ability of oak to add “vanilla, spicy, and history sometimes smoky flavors to the wine.” The French barrel is made of French oak which, because of its long standing reputation and the high cost of labor involved in its construction, costs comparatively higher at between $700 and graduation $800 each. American barrels, on other hand, are made of American oak. Since American oak is not as well known as French oak, besides entailing lower labor cost, it costs lower at history, between $250 and $300 each. The third type of wine barrel is called a combination barrel. This refers to a barrel which is made in of needs theory the United States but is made of French wood, or a barrel made in France out of American wood. All types of barrels last up to 5 years. The final step is the bottling of the wine.

The final aging of the history wine, which could last from a few months to several years, occurs in the bottles. In bottling, the wine is first transferred to a “holding tank.” Then it is travel jane, treated with sulfur dioxide to inhibit oxidation. Consciousness? Then the bottled wine are labeled and do you human resources arranged on racks to allow for more fermentation. When the bottles are finally placed in boxes, the history and class consciousness wine is of needs theory, aged some more. Usually, white wine is aged for another three months while red wine is aged for two more years (Wine Making, Art, Science and History, n.d.). One of the leading wine-producing countries in the world is history and class, France.

It has nine wine regions, namely: Alsace, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Cotes du Rhone, Languedoc-Roussillon, Loire Valley, Provence?Corsica, [and] South West. Alsace is found in human the northeast region of France. Bordeaux, on history and class consciousness, the other hand, is the travel jane most important regions not only in France but also in the whole world. Approximately one-third of the best quality wine being produced in France comes from Bordeaux which is in the southwest of France, near the Atlantic Coast. Two of the most popular French wines – Beanjolais and Chablis – come from Burgundy. This wine region occupies a stretch of history about 360 kilometers which starts from about 100 kilometers south of Paris and extends up to Lyon. Champagne, one of the most popular wines in the whole world, is travel jane, a product of the and class consciousness region with the same name located in the northeast portion of funny France. Cotes du Rhone, which is one of the most diverse regions, is located south of Lyon and is actually composed of the history consciousness stretches of land on of needs, both sides of the Rhone River.

It produces both red and white wines and accounts for history and class, 14 percent of the total wine production of France (French Wine Guide, 2008). Meanwhile, Languedoc-Roussillon, which has the “largest expanse of vine growing regions in the world,” is located along the border of the Mediterranean Sea between the Rhone river and the Pyrenees mountains of Spain. This region produces mostly red wine. The Loire Valley region, also considered as the travel jane most beautiful wine region in France, has been made famous by its white wines which are produced from the Chenin Blanc and Sauvignon grape varieties. Its wine production is composed of 75 percent white and 25 percent red wine.

Provence-Corsica, on the other hand, has one of the oldest vineyards in the world. It is located not far from the port of Marseille. History And Class? The Romans first propagated their vineyards in this region. It is famous for its rose wine which has a very delicate elaboration. The final French wine region is South West.

This is one of the oldest wine regions in France. Some of its popular products are Madiran, a full-bodied red wine, Jurancon, a white wine which is dry and aromatic, and Monbazillac, another white whine which is said to be viscously sweet (French Wine Guide, 2008). French Wine Guide. (2008). French Wine Regions . Retrieved November 26, 2008, from. Plum Creek Marketing. Lord Piggy? (2006).

A History of Wine Making – Viniculture – Viticulture in. History 2006. Retrieved November 26, 2008, from. History And Class Consciousness? Wine Making, Art, Science and History . (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2008, from. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and piggy order All About Wine and Wine Making. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for history consciousness, All About Wine and Wine Making.

Question:•What challenge in Social and Racial Tension America Essay the global industry structure and competitive dynamics led France to lose market share to challengers from Australia and other New World countries?Global wine market has undergone great#8230; Old World Wine and New World Wine. The wines are divided into two categories, the old world wine and the new world wine. When Hugh Johnson came up with his concept of these two worlds, people have#8230; ?Global Wine War. 1. How did the French become the dominant competitors in the increasingly global wine industry for centuries?

What sources of consciousness competitive advantage were they able to develop to support their#8230; Robert Mondavi and capitalize resources the Wine industry. The wine industry is very much global, and is traditionaly rooted in typical variety coming from distincts regions of the world : California Napa Valley, the French regions of Burgundy#8230; Vincor and the new World of and class wine. Case possible acquisition of Goundrey Wines, Australia as part of the strategic internationalization plan developed in 2000 felt. Of The Flies? They had to look beyond region to be a major competitor biggest wine company#8230; In this Paper we will be discussing the beauty of one of Germany’s most profound regions for growing wine. Consciousness? We will take a trip deeper into what makes these wines#8230;

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Kapitel 7: Formate in consciousness, bibliographischen Datenbanken. Zitierweise / cite as: Payer, Margarete 1942 - : Datenbankaufbau : Skript / Margarete Payer Alois Payer. Hierarchy! -- Kapitel 7: Formate in bibliographischen Datenbanken. And Class Consciousness! -- Fassung vom 2016-03-27. Capitalize! -- URL: http://www.payer.de/dbaufbau/dbauf07.html. -- [Stichwort]. berarbeitungen: 1997-05-15; 2001-05-27; 2002-05-14; 2009-03-14; 2010-03-14 [Aktualisierung wegen MALIS]; 2013-06-20; 2015-02-27 [berarbeitung]; 2016-03-27 [Aktualisierung] Anlass: Lehrveranstaltungen an and class consciousness der HdM Stuttgart; MALIS (FH Kln, ab 2015 TH Kln) seit 2009. Unterrichtsmaterialien (gem § 46 (1) UrhG) ©opyright : Dieser Text steht der Allgemeinheit zur Verfgung. Eine Verwertung in capitalize human resources, Publikationen, die ber bliche Zitate hinausgeht, bedarf der ausdrcklichen Genehmigung der Verfasserin. 7.1. History! Warum braucht man ein Format? 7.2.

Formatarten 7.3. The Importance Of Empowerment To Motivate Essay Examples! Grundlage fr ein Format 7.4. History And Class Consciousness! Aufbau von Formaten und Folgen fr den Datenaustausch 7.5. Kriterien bei der Auswahl eines Formats 7.6. Hierarchy Theory! Welche Formate? 7.6.1. And Class! US-MARC 7.6.2. UK-MARC 7.6.3. MARC 21 7.6.4. In 1920's! INTERMARC 7.6.5.

UNIMARC 7.6.6. MAB 7.7. Bibframe. Um Titelaufnahmen in history, Katalogdatenbanken zu erfassen, zu speichern und zu verwalten, bentigt man Vorschriften zur Strukturierung des Datensatzes: ein Datenformat (kurz Format). Theory! Ein Format kann aus mehreren Dateien bestehen.

Fr die Bearbeitung unterscheidet man Intern- und Externformat: Format, in dem die Daten so abgelegt sind, dass sie mit den Programmen eines bestimmten Anwenders weiterverarbeitet werden knnen. And Class Consciousness! Durch Bercksichtigung von Hardware- und Software-Erfordernissen knnen Programmieraufwand und Maschinenzeit bei der Verarbeitung der Daten wesentlich beeinflusst werden. Das Internformat kann vom Computer direkt verarbeitet werden. Externformat (auch Erfassungsformat, Kategorienschema genannt), uere Struktur : Das Erfassungsformat enthlt Aussagen ber den inhaltlichen Aufbau, d.h. Of Empowerment To Motivate! das Kategorienschema ordnet den Textfeldern des Internformats gewisse Bedeutungen zu. Die Struktur dieses Schemas sollte so angelegt sein, dass es fr den Erfassenden mglichst einfach anwendbar ist. History And Class! Im folgenden wird immer von Externformaten die Rede sein. In der Anwendung unterscheidet man Institutionen spezifische Formate und Austauschformate (nationale und internationale)

Austauschformate sind in funny, erster Linie dafr gedacht, Daten zwischen verschiedenen Systemen auszutauschen d.h. History Consciousness! sie enthalten u.a. Absprachen zur bertragung der Daten. Do You Human Resources! Auf deutscher Ebene wurde lange Zeit MAB [Maschinelles Austauschformat fr Bibliotheken] genutzt. International hat sich zum Austausch die MARC-Familie durchgesetzt [machine-readable cataloging]. And Class Consciousness! Austauschformate werden aber auch als Format fr spezielle Institutionen benutzt. So liegen heute in Social and Racial America, deutschen Verbnden meist MARC-Strukturen zu Grunde. History Consciousness! Dabei geht es vor allem darum das Format so zu erweitern, dass spezifische Aufgaben eines Verbundes zu erfllen sind. Als Grundlage fr ein Format galt bisher das jeweilige Regelwerk fr die Erschlieung (formale und sachliche Erschlieung). Eine nicht ganz einfache Aufgabe ist es, die Vorschriften eines neuen Regelwerks in and Racial in 1920's Essay, ein bestehendes Format einzuarbeiten (s. And Class! unten unter MARC 21) Darauf aufbauend entwickelt man ein Pflichtenheft: ein Datenformat muss u.a. folgendes leisten: insbesondere muss aufgefhrt werden: die vom Regelwerk geforderten Elemente mssen erfassbar sein, indem man die Elemente Kategorien (Feldern) zuordnet Elemente, die als Sucheinstiege dienen, mssen entsprechend aufbereitet sein Geforderte Verknpfungen mssen funktionieren, z.B. Hierarchy Theory! Verknpfungen zu Normdateien, aber auch Verknpfungen zwischen Datenstzen innerhalb einer Datei (z.B.

Monografie zur Schriftenreihe) Mehrfacheintrge mssen geregelt werden, z.B. History! durch die Mglichkeit der Feldwiederholung Regeln zur Ordnung sollten eingehalten werden, Festlegen der verwendbaren Zeichen Fr den OPAC ist zustzlich ein Pflichtenheft zu erstellen: u.a. fr die Anzeige der Daten auf dem Bildschirm fr die Benutzerfhrung fr Hilfsbildschirme. Eine gute Einfhrung in Social, das Thema findet man: Eversberg, Bernhard: Was sind und was sollen bibliothekarische Datenformate. - WWW-Ausgabe. - 1999. And Class Consciousness! - URL: http://www.allegro-c.de/formate/formate.htm -- Zugriff 2016-03-26. Hilfreich ist der Bezug auf das OSI-Referenzmodell [Open Systems Interconnection] der ISO [International Organization for and Racial Tension in 1920's Essay, Standardization]. 7.4. History! Aufbau von Formaten und Folgen fr den Datenaustausch. Die heutigen allgemein anerkannten Formate kann man als analytische Datenformate beschreiben, d.h. Do You Human Resources! die Titelaufnahmen sind in elementare Kategorien oder Felder aufgeteilt. History! Anders ausgedrckt: die Titelaufnahme ist in do you capitalize human, einzelne Elemente aufgeteilt, die je eine sachliche Einheit darstellen. Die Abfolge der Elemente wird unterschiedlich gehandhabt. Grundstzlich kann man sich an history consciousness der Reihenfolge in einer Titelaufnahme nach ISBD und mit traditionellen Kpfen und Nebeneintragungen orientieren wie die MARC-Formate. Man kann aber auch sachlich zueinander passende Elemente in hierarchy, Segmenten anordnen wie MAB ( Maschinelles Austauschformat fr Bibliotheken , das deutsche Austauschformat) und wie UNIMARC (ein internationales Austauschformat).

Diese Abfolge ist fr einen Datentausch unerheblich. Schwierig wird es erst fr den Austausch, wenn ein Format in einem Feld oder in einem Unterfeld mehrere bibliographische Elemente zusammenfasst, wie es MARC tut. History And Class! MAB nimmt pro travel jane variablem Feld im allgemeinen nur ein bibliographisches Element. z.B. Feld 245 in USMARC ohne Unterscheidung, was der Paralleltitel ist, und MAB mit einem eigenen Feld fr den Paralleltitel. Es ist auch unterschiedlich festgelegt, ob eine Aufnahme in history and class consciousness, einem Datensatz oder in lord of the piggy, mehrere aufgeteilt werden soll. And Class Consciousness! So werden in US-MARC smtliche Angaben zum mehrbndigen Werk in to Motivate, einem Satz angegeben, MAB bildet in and class consciousness, solchen Fllen mehrere zueinander gehrende Stze (Hauptstze, Unterstze und in MAB 1 Nachstze); diese Stze stehen in einem hierarchischen Verhltnis zueinander (im Nachsatz standen Ansetzungsformen fr Nebeneintragungen von beigefgten und enthaltenen Werken).

UNIMARC ist flexibel. Neben diesen Problemen fr die Umsetzung muss man u.a. noch fertig werden mit unterschiedlichen Zeichencodes, unterschiedlichen Steuerzeichen (z.B. Nichtsortierzeichen) und unterschiedlichen Verknpfungsstrukturen. Do You Human! (Die grten Probleme fr den Austausch bereiten allerdings nicht die Formate sondern die dahinterliegenden Regelwerke.) Die allgemein anerkannten Formate orientieren sich heute im allgemeinen an history and class nationalen bzw. internationalen Normen. Unabdingbar fr einen Austausch ist das Einhalten bestimmter Vorschriften (Protokolle) -- heute oft noch eine normierte Struktur der Daten auf Magnetbndern, mehr und mehr aber normierte Strukturen fr den Austausch ber File transfer.

Dafr wurde die ISO Norm 2709 Documentation -- Format for funny, bibliographic information interchange on history magnetic tape (vgl. In 1920's America Essay! DIN 1506) entwickelt. Danach bestehen die Datenstze je aus 3 Teilen: record label (festes Feld, 192 Bytes lang) auch leader, Satzkennung genannt directory (Inhaltsverzeichnis) (12 Bytes je Eintragung) variable fields (variable Datenfelder) Record label (wie der Vorspann zu einem Film) enthlt die fr die Identifizierung und Bearbeitung des Satzes wichtigen Angaben und solche Daten, die im direkten Zugriff stehen sollen z.B. History And Class Consciousness! Lnge des Satzes der laufenden Identifikationsnummer der Austauscheinheit. Inhaltsverzeichnis wie die Seitenangabe in travel jane, einem Buch. (MAB 2 verzichtet inzwischen auf das Inhaltsverzeichnis.) Variable Datenfelder: bestehen aus den Indikatoren, der Feldkennung, den Daten und dem Feldtrennzeichen. bereinstimmend ist damit die logische und physikalische Gliederung der bibliographischen Daten, aber wie oben schon angedeutet nicht die Struktur des Dateninhalts. Beispiele aus einem MARC-record: [¶=Feldendezeichen]

Variable data fields: usw. History Consciousness! fr Imprint, Collation, General Note, Subject Heading. 7.5. Flies Quote! Kriterien bei der Auswahl eines Formats. Im Zeitalter der Vernetzung von Bibliotheken wird man wohl selten die Mglichkeit haben ein Format auszuwhlen, denn zumindest fr die Bibliotheken innerhalb der deutschen (und sterreichischen) Verbnde ist das eine bibliothekspolitische Frage. And Class Consciousness! Trotzdem sollen hier einige Kriterien zur Auswahl genannt werden: Sind die Daten austauschbar? Sind internationale Standards eingehalten? Knnen die Vorschriften des eigenen Regelwerks erfllt werden? Sind z.B. hierarchische Aufnahmen bei mehrbndigen Werken mglich?

Sind Verknpfungen vorgesehen? Sind gengend Felder fr den lokalen Bedarf vorgesehen? Kann es fr ein Mehrdateiensystem eingesetzt werden? Wie einengend ist es? bzw. ist es einfach erweiterbar? z.B. gab es in lord flies quote, MAB 1 immer nur eine bestimmte Anzahl Felder fr einzelne Elemente (10 Verweisungsfelder fr einen Personennamen), in and class, MARC dagegen ist teilweise beliebige Wiederholung des Feldes mglich. Welche Hilfen werden angeboten? Listen von Codes, Beispielsammlung, Anwendergremium, Mailing- Liste. Sind alle gewnschten Materialien damit erfassbar?

Ist die gewnschte sachliche Erschlieung mglich? In welchem Format sind schon die meisten Daten erfasst? -- damit man Fremdleistungen bernehmen kann. The Importance Of Empowerment! Wie sieht es mit der Anwendung im Web 2.0 aus? Es geht hier um die Formate, die sich durchgesetzt haben. And Class Consciousness! Abgesehen von den selbstgestrickten Formaten fr Kleinstanwender sind das die internationalen Austauschformate (Formatfamilie MARC und das offizielle internationale Austauschformat UNIMARC), die nationalen Austauschformate (z.B. bisher MAB fr deutsche und sterreichische RAK-Anwender) und die Spezialformate der Verbnde, die aber im allgemeinen eine Weiterentwicklung eines nationalen oder internationalen Formats sind. Ein neues Modell ist in do you human resources, Planung: s. Consciousness! 7.7 Bibframe. MARC (machine-readable cataloging) wurde seit 1966 von der LoC benutzt, um ihre Daten per travel jane, Magnetband an and class consciousness Bibliotheken zu senden. Die Bibliotheken nutzten diese maschinenlesbaren Daten zum Druck von Kartenkatalogen, Listenkatalogen, Bibliographien u.. Diese Ausrichtung auf den Kartenkatalog haben die amerikanischen MARC-Formate heute noch. Resources! Die LoC hatte im Laufe der Zeit fr verschiedene Materialien je verschiedene MARC-Formate entwickelt, und zwar entsprechend den AACR fr.

Monographien (books) fortlaufende Sammelwerke (serials) AV-Materialien (visual materials) Archivalien und Handschriften (archival and manuscripts control) Karten (maps) Musikalien (music) computer files. Dieses MARC-Format wurde bekannt als LC-MARC und lief unter dem Namen US-MARC . History And Class Consciousness! Die MARC-Formate der groen US-Verbnde -- OCLC-MARC, RLIN-MARC, WLN-MARC -- sind voll kompatibel mit US-MARC, daher war die bernahme der Verbnde RLIN und WLN durch OCLC erheblich erleichtert. Lord Of The! Anfang der 80er Jahre wurde das Format an and class consciousness AACR2 angeglichen. Social And Racial Tension In 1920's! Damit waren gleichzeitig die Forderungen der ISBD's erfllt. Seit 1996 wurde Integrated MARC eingesetzt. Es handelt sich um eine Zusammenfassung der nach Materialien getrennten MARCFormate, da es teilweise schwierig war, eine Vorlage einem bestimmten Format zuzuordnen z.B. History Consciousness! was nimmt man, wenn die Vorlage eine Zeitschrift in Mikroform ist? US-MARC in Social and Racial Tension in 1920's, seiner Weiterentwicklung MARC 21 ist vor allem dadurch so interessant, weil damit groe Datenbestnde erfasst sind -- nmlich nicht nur die Daten der LoC, sondern auch die Datenbank von OCLC, im Februar 2015 ber 332 Millionen Titel (mit unzhligen Millionen von Bestandsnachweisen). [s. Consciousness! http://www.oclc.org/worldcat. - Zugriff 2015-02-09] UK-MARC (United Kingdom) wurde von der British Library (BL) fr die British National Bibliography entwickelt, und gerade in capitalize human, dieser speziellen Zielsetzung lagen dann auch die Unterschiede zu US-MARC. Die Unterschiede zwischen US-MARC und UK-MARC bestanden u.a. History And Class! darin, dass UK-MARC weiter untergliedert. The Importance Employees Essay Examples! Z.B. werden Paralleltitel in einem eigenen Unterfeld angegeben (245 subfield $k).

Auch sieht UK-MARC im Unterschied zu US-MARC hierarchisch gegliederte mehrbndige Werke (analytische Levels) vor. And Class! s. UK-MARC Manual p. 5/76 und p. Of The Piggy! 5/35 multilevel description. Seit etwa 1996 bemhte man sich darum, die unterschiedlichen MARC-Fassungen der USA, Kanadas und Grobritanniens in history, bereinstimmung zu bringen. Travel Jane! Z.B. hat man sich inzwischen auf gleiche Codes geeinigt (z.B. And Class! den Alpha-3-Code [dreistelliger Lndercode] genommen). Do You Capitalize Human! Auf der Grundlage eines harmonisierten CAN/MARC - USMARC-Formats wurde inzwischen das UK-MARC eingeschlossen. History Consciousness! Man erwartet, dass weitere MARC-Formate entsprechend berarbeitet werden. Tension In 1920's America Essay! Die National Library of history, Canada begann mit dem Einsatz 1999, die LoC im Januar 2000 und die BL 2001. Graduation! Im Laufe des Jahres 2009 ist MARC 21 als Austauschformat fr die deutschen Verbnde und die DNB bernommen worden. MARC 21 besteht aus folgenden Teilen:

Format for history and class, Bibliographic Data (deutsch: MARC 21 fr bibliografische Daten, Stand Oktober 2008. http://files.d-nb.de/pdf/marc_bd.pdf Zugriff 2016-03-26) Format for Tension America, Authority Data (deutsch: MARC 21 fr Normdaten, Stand Oktober 2008. And Class Consciousness! http://files.d-nb.de/pdf/marc_nd.pdf ) Format for Holdings Data (deutsch: MARC 21 fr Bestandsdaten, Stand Oktober 2008. Social Tension America Essay! http://files.d-nb.de/pdf/marc_hd.pdf ) Format for history and class, Classification Data Format for The Importance, Community Information. Eine hervorragende Einfhrung in history, MARC 21 findet man unter dem Titel: Understanding MARC bibliographic : machine-readable cataloging / written by do you capitalize human resources Betty Furrie in consciousness, conjunction with the hierarchy Data Base Development Department of The Follett Software Company. History And Class! - 8. ed. - Washington, D.C. Do You! : Library of Congress, 2009. History! - URL: http://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/ . The Importance To Motivate Employees! - Zugriff am 2016-03-26. Alle Formatteile und weiteres zu MARC 21 findet man unter: http://www.loc.gov/marc/ Zugriff 2016-03-26. History Consciousness! Beim Format wird jeweils der volle Text und ein Kurztext (concice version) angeboten. Als Beispiel fr das Format fr bibliografische Daten: einige wichtige Felder (tags) mit ihren beiden Indikatoren und Unterfeldern (nicht jedes Feld hat Indikatoren oder bentigt beide Indikatoren).

Felder knnen wiederholbar sein: R bzw NR fr nicht wiederholbar. Travel Jane! Sind keine Indikatoren vorhanden, kennzeichnet man das mit ##; Unterfelder werden mit $ und einem Buchstaben oder einer einstelligen Zahl eingefhrt. Im Folgenden ist nur angegeben, was man fr eine einfache Titelaufnahme bentigt. 010 ## $a : Nummer des Datensatzes. 020 ## $a ISBN : $c z.B. der Preis. z.B.: 020 ## $a 3123423560. 100 Haupteintragung fr den 1. History And Class Consciousness! Verfasser, daher nicht wiederholbar. Employees Examples! Es gibt nur den Indikator 1 mit 3 Festlegungen: 0 = Vorname (z.B. History And Class Consciousness! bei Personen des Mittelalter) oder 1 = Nachname (der Normalfall) oder 3= Familienname (z.B. Lord Piggy Quote! Bach-Familie)

100 1# $a Personennamen, $d Lebensdaten. z.B.: 100 1# $a Mller, Max. 240 Einheitstitel (Uniform title), der nicht die Haupteintragung erhlt: nicht wiederholbar; 2 Indikatoren: der 1. Indikator sagt an, dass der Titel auf dem Bildschirm gezeigt wird; der 2. History! Indikator (0 - 9) zeigt an, wie viele Stellen beim Sortieren bergangen werden mssen. 240 10 $a Einheitstitel; $l Sprache des Werks; $f Datum des Werks. 245 Angabe des Sachtitels und Verfasserangabe. Tension America! Der 1. Indikator sagt, ob eine Nebeneintragung unter dem Sachtitel gemacht werden soll = 1, wenn nicht = 0. Der 2. History And Class Consciousness! Indikator zeigt an, wie viele Stellen beim Sortieren bergangen werden mssen. Es gibt eine Reihe von Unterfeldern, u.a. Funny Graduation! $a = Hauptsachtitel, $b = Zusatz, $c = Verfasserangabe. 245 10 $a Hauptsachtitel : $b Zusatz zum Sachtitel / $c Verfasserangabe. z.B.: 245 14 $a Die Schwarzbren in Kalifornien : $b Ernhrung aus Mlltonnen ; ein Problem / $c M. Mller ; F. Meier. 250 ## $a Ausgabebezeichnung. And Class! z.B. Hierarchy Theory! 250 ## $a 25.

Version. 260 ## $a Erscheinungsort (wiederholbar) : $b Verlag (wiederholbar), $c Erscheinungsdatum (wiederholbar) z.B.: 260 ## $a Ofterdingen : $b Reyap, $c 1987. 300 ## $a Umfangsangabe : $b Illustrationsangabe; $c Format (in cm). History! z.B.: 300 ## $a 555 S. To Motivate Employees Examples! : $b zahlr. And Class! Ill., Kt. 490 Angabe der Serie: wenn man eine Nebeneintragung unter der Serie haben will, muss zustzlich ein Feld 8XX belegt werden und als Indikator 1 die 1; wenn nicht Indikator 1 mit der Angabe 0. Of The Quote! Der 2. Indikator ist nicht belegt. 490 1# $a Gesamttitel ; $v Zhlung. And Class! z.B.: 490 0# $a Brenreihe ; $v 36. 500 ## $a allgemeine Funote. 600 : die 600er Felder enthalten verschiedene Arten von Schlagworten z.B. 600 10 $a Subject added entry - Personal name (Indikator 1 nennt den Typ des Verfassernamens: 1 = moderner Personenname; der Indikator 2 nennt das Sacherschlieungssystem: 0 = LoC Subject Heading) 700 : die 700er enthalten die Nebeneintragungen z.B.

700 1# $a Personennamen, $d Lebensdaten, $e Relator term (Indikator 1 s. The Importance Of Empowerment! oben bei Feld 100) z.B.: 700 1# $a Meier, Fritz: MARC 21 wird zur Zeit fortgeschrieben, um Vorschriften des neuen Regelwerks RDA zu ermglichen. History And Class Consciousness! Es muss berprft werden, welche Felder, die nach den Regeln von AACR2 belegt sind, fr die Regeln der RDA genutzt werden knnen. Theory! Wegen des groen einzubringenden Altbestands kann man Felder, Unterfelder, Codes usw. nicht uminterpretieren. Alle alten Felder usw. mssen erhalten bleiben, sollten sie nicht mehr gebraucht werden, erklrt man sie zu Feldern, die nicht angewendet werden drfen. Wegen neuer Regeln mssen neue Felder und/oder Unterfelder geschaffen werden, auch neue Codes werden eingefhrt. History Consciousness! Z.B. Travel Jane! sind bisher Attribute (z.B. History! Geburtsdatum) zu Namen im Feld fr die Namensansetzung angegeben worden, inzwischen hat man mit der Einfhrung neuer Felder die Mglichkeit einer getrennten Erfassung der Attribute geschaffen; z.B. Capitalize Human! 374 - Occupation (R) und 376 - Family Information (R) [Das R steht fr wiederholbar, d.h. man kann mehrere Berufe und mehrere Familien angeben.].

Weiterhin muss man die nach RDA ber 400 mglichen Beziehungen, die es zwischen Werk, Expression, Manifestation und Exemplar geben kann, im Format darstellen. History And Class! Die Beziehungen zwischen Namen und Ressourcen knnen im Format aufgefhrt werden. Funny! [Diese und weitere Angaben findet man in RDA in and class, MARC -Juli 2014. The Importance Of Empowerment To Motivate Essay Examples! - http://www.loc.gov/marc/RDAinMARC.html - Zugriff 2016-03-26] Neben einer ganzen Reihe von weiteren nationalen MARC-Formaten (z.B. And Class! CanMARC fr Canada oder MalMARC fr Malaysia) soll INTERMARC hervorgehoben werden, weil man mit diesem Format versuchte, ein allgemeines Austauschformat fr Westeuropa zu schaffen. The Importance To Motivate Essay Examples! Entwickelt wurde dieses Format von Frankreich, Belgien und der Schweiz unter Beteiligung weiterer westeuropischer Lnder. History! Angewendet wird INTERMARC nur von der Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, und zwar seit 1975. Social And Racial Essay! 1980 beschloss man, INTERMARC soweit wie mglich an das neue internationale Format UNIMARC anzupassen, wodurch ein Datenaustausch zwischen den beiden Formaten sehr erleichtert wurde. UNIMARC wird von einer Mehrheit von franzsischen Bibliotheken genutzt. History! [s. http://www.bnf.fr/fr/professionnels/formats_catalogage.html - Zugriff 2016-03-26] Ab 1977 begann die IFLA das Austauschformat UNIMARC zu entwickeln [ UNIMARC bibliographic in do you, kompletter und in verkrzter Form mit dem Stand 1.3.2000 unter: http://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/sec-uni.htm Zugriff am 2016-03-26].

Es sollte die Voraussetzung fr ein internationales MARC-Netzwerk sein. History And Class! Man schlug damals vor, dass Nationalbibliotheken mit bestehenden Formaten Programme entwickeln, mit denen ihre Daten in UNIMARC umgesetzt werden knnen, bzw. Hierarchy Theory! dass Nationalbibliotheken, die neu anfangen, UNIMARC selbst oder eine eigene Anpassung an history consciousness UNIMARC nutzen. Lord Flies Quote! Praktisch kann man heute von einer ganzen Reihe von nationalen bibliographischen Zentren Daten in consciousness, UNIMARC erhalten, z.B. Travel Jane! aus den USA, Frankreich, (von der DNB zwischen Januar 1992 und 30. Juni 2013). And Class! Mehrere Nationalbibliotheken nutzen UNIMARC als eigenes Erfassungsformat: z.B. Tension In 1920's America! Portugal, Griechenland, Indien, Italien, Ruland. History Consciousness! Fr das neue italienische Regelwerk REICAT wird die Anwendung von UNIMARC vorgeschlagen. Capitalize Human! Weitere Lnder, in history consciousness, denen UNIMARC angewendet wird,: Algerien, Marokko, Tunesien.

Seit 2003 ist die Nationalbibliothek von Portugal verantwortlich fr das UNIMARC-Strategic-Programme [s. Graduation! http://www.ifla.org/about-unimarc -- Zugriff 2016-03-26] Die neueste Ausgabe: UNIMARC manual : bibliografic format / ed. by Alan Hopkinson. History Consciousness! - 3. The Importance Essay Examples! ed. - Mnchen : Saur, 2008. History And Class! - 760 S. - (IFLA series on bibliographic control ; 36) - ISBN 978-3-598-24284-7. Mit UNIMARC knnen die zur Zeit in travel jane, Bibliotheken gngigen Materialien katalogisiert werden, also auch Karten, Musikalien, Tontrger, Graphika, AV-Materialien. Felder fr Computerfiles sind vorgesehen. Consciousness! Das Format ist fr viele Regelwerke anwendbar, setzt allerdings die Anwendung der verschiedenen ISBD's voraus. Essay Examples! UNIMARC schreibt aber nicht die Form der Ansetzung vor (die Kpfe), weil in history, diesem Punkt die nationalen Regelwerke weit auseinandergehen. Lord Piggy! Damit man aber auch z.B. Namensansetzungen austauschen kann, sollte zusammen mit UNIMARC das UNIMARC format for consciousness, authorities angewendet werden. Tension In 1920's Essay! Dieses ist erst 1991 fertig gestellt worden. Die neueste Ausgabe: UNIMARC manual : authorities format / ed. by Mirna Willer. History Consciousness! - 3. Travel Jane! ed. - Mnchen : Saur, 2009. - 309 S. - (IFLA series on and class consciousness bibliographic control ; 38) - ISBN 978-3-598-24286-1 [Eingearbeitet sind Konzepte des FRAD-Modells ( Functional requirements for authority data) und des Statement of do you capitalize resources, International Cataloguing Principles. ] [Die folgenden Aussagen zu UNIMARC beziehen sich auf den Stand von 1996:] Um auch fr kleinere Institutionen flexibel in history and class consciousness, der Anwendung zu bleiben, hat UNIMARC nur wenige Pflichtfelder.

Mindestens muss im bibliografischen Teil folgendes belegt sein: 001 Identifikationsnummer (record identifier) 100 Erfassungsdatum, Zeichensatz, Schrift (general processing data) 101 Sprachbezeichnung (language of the work) 200 Titel (title) 801 Herkunft (originating source field) Das Format ist gem ISO 2709 (Format for The Importance of Empowerment Employees examples, Bibliographic Information Interchange) strukturiert: In jeder Titelaufnahme werden 4 Teile unterschieden: leader, Satzkennung (record label) Inhaltsverzeichnis (directory) variable Kontrollfelder (variable control fields), z.B. die Identifikationsnr. variable Datenfelder (variable data fields): 141 Felder, die jeweils Unterfelder haben knnen. Beispiel fr ein variables Datenfeld in and class, UNIMARC. Das Format ist in lord of the flies, Segmente -- die sogenannten Blcke -- aufgegliedert. History And Class! Jeweils in einem 100er-Block werden inhaltlich zusammengehrige Dinge zusammengefasst.

Z.B. sind im 700er-Block alle beteiligten Personen und Krperschaften vermerkt. Die generelle Blockstruktur ist folgende: 0-- Identifikation (identification block) (z.B. ISBN, Nationalbibliographie-Nummer usw.) 1-- Codierte Information (coded information) (z.B.

Sprachbezeichnung, Land der Publikation, bibliographische Materialien (Monographien, Serials, AV-Material usw.) 2-- Deskriptive Information (descriptive information) (Einzelelemente der ISBD's) 3-- Funoten (notes) 4-- Verknpfungen (linking entry) 5-- Weitere Titelangaben (related title) (z.B. Of Needs Theory! EST, Zitiertitel) 6-- Sacherschlieung (subject analysis) (z.B. History! PRECIS, UDC, DDC, LoC Classification) 7-- Verfasserangaben (intellectual responsibility) (Haupt- und Nebeneintragungen) 8-- Katalogisierende Stelle und ISDS Center (international use) 9-- Lokale Daten (national use) Es ist zu fragen, wie weit UNIMARC sich neben MARC 21 durchsetzen kann. Von der IFLA wird das Format immer noch untersttzt (es ist eine zentrale Aufgabe der IFLA [IFLA Core activity UNIMARC]). Of Needs Theory! Immerhin hatten sich die EG-Bibliotheken 1991 in and class, Florenz entschlossen, UNIMARC zum gemeinsamen Austauschformat zu nehmen. Auerdem ist eine auf UNIMARC basierende CD-ROM erschienen, die gemeinsame Daten der sieben Nationalbibliotheken von Dnemark, Deutschland, Frankreich, Grobritannien, Italien, Niederlande und Portugal enthlt. Travel Jane! Im Jahr 2000 haben 22 Institutionen UNIMARC als Austauschformat eingesetzt, 10 als Internformat und 17 werden als sonstige Anwender bezeichnet.

In der UNIMARC community wird zur Zeit die Anwendung des Formats fr das neue Regelwerk, die bertragung in and class consciousness, Webanwendungen und das Zusammenwirken mit anderen Datenstandards diskutiert, auch wird dem Permanent UNIMARC Committee empfohlen, dass sie die IFLA auffordert die Entwicklung einer UNIMARC-Darstellung in RDF zu untersttzen : Das Maschinelle Austauschformat fr Bibliotheken hat seine Anfnge in theory, der Deutschen Bibliothek ab 1973. History! Seit 1996 - nach einer durchgreifenden Revision - wird MAB als MAB2 verbreitet. Zur Zeit wird MAB2 durch MARC 21 abgelst. Da aber vor allem nicht zu Verbnden gehrende Bibliotheken noch auf MAB2 angewiesen sind, hatte die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek versprochen, MAB2 noch bis 2015 zu pflegen. Der MAB-Dienst wird zum 30. Lord Piggy! Juni 2013 eingestellt.

MAB ermglicht den Austausch von bibliographischen Daten, Norm- und Lokaldaten. History And Class Consciousness! MAB2 war u.a. Lord Of The Piggy! ntig geworden, um den Tausch in Online-Umgebungen zu ermglichen. History! Der MAB2-Datensatz besteht nur noch aus der Satzkennung (allgemeine Verarbeitungsinformationen z.B. Satzlnge und allgemeine Angaben zum Inhalt des Datensatzes z.B. ob es sich um eine neue Aufnahme handelt) und den variablen Datenfeldern. Die variablen Datenfelder bestehen aus der Feldkennung, einem Indikator, den variablen Daten und dem Feldendezeichen. Hierarchy Theory! Je nach dem Inhalt des Feldes knnen diese Felder wiederholbar sein, Unterfelder (wie in and class consciousness, den MARC-Formaten) und Teilfelder haben und obligatorisch sein. MAB2 besteht aus fnf Formaten: Dazu kommen die provisorischen Teile: MAB-ADRESS (Adressen und Bibliotheksdaten) und MAB-NOTAT (Klassifikation und Notation). Die fnf Formate findet man in in 1920's Essay, einer Online-Kurzreferenz-Version mit Stand November 2001 unter URL: ftp://ftp.ddb.de/pub/mab/titelmab.txt . - Zugriff vom 2016-03-27. Diese Version bietet eine inhaltliche bersicht einschlielich der jeweiligen Indikatoren und Kodierungen. Als Besonderheit bei MAB sind die unterschiedlichen Satzarten zu nennen.

In MAB 2 handelt es sich um den Hauptsatz (=h), den Untersatz (=u) und den Exemplarsatz (=e; Lokaldaten fr ein Werk). Ein Hauptsatz ist ein selbstndiger Datensatz oder der oberste Datensatz in history consciousness, einer Hierarchie. Whrend der Hauptsatz sich auf die Titelaufnahme einbndiger Werke, auf Stcktitel und Gesamtaufnahmen bezieht, ist der Untersatz fr die Bandauffhrung mehrbndiger Werke und fortlaufender Sammelwerke zu nehmen. Namensdatenstze, Schlagwortdatenstze, Lokaldaten und Pauschalverweisungsdatenstze sind ebenfalls Hauptstze. Gegenber MARC 21 zeichnet sich MAB durch die schon im Format gegebenen Verknpfungsmglichkeiten aus, wodurch die Anforderungen der FRBR leichter erfllt werden knnten: es knnen Beziehungen innerhalb einer MAB-Datei dargestellt werden: knnen mit Haupt- und Unterstzen bibliographische hierarchische Strukturen abgebildet und verknpft werden (z.B. Travel Jane! mehrbndige begrenzte Werke mit Bandauffhrung, fortlaufende Sammelwerke mit Bandauffhrung) knnen in and class, MAB-Titel weitere Beziehungen unterschiedlicher Datenstze durch Verknpfung hergestellt werden (Stcktitel - Gesamttitel; unselbstndig erschienenes Werk - selbstndig erschienenes Werk; reziproke/nichtreziproke Beziehungen zwischen Werken z.B. bei Parallelausgaben) es knnen Beziehungen zwischen Datenstzen unterschiedlicher MAB-Dateien hergestellt werden; z.B. Personennamensdatensatz zu dem entsprechenden Titeldatensatz. Bibframe (Bibliographic Framework) ist das neue Model, das die bisherigen Formate ersetzen soll. Lord Of The! Das Model soll nicht auf ein bestimmtes Regelwerk ausgerichtet sein. Begrndung fr den neuen Ansatz:

Mit dem 50 jhrigen MARC-Format knnen zwar die Bibliothekskataloge weltweit ihre Daten austauschen, aber es ist ein Sonderweg. And Class Consciousness! Das neue Regelwerk RDA kann nicht vollstndig in travel jane, MARC dargestellt werden, insbesondere knnen nicht alle Anforderungen der FRBR erfllt werden. History! Die Beobachtung, dass das Web sich von einem Netzwerk verknpfter Dokumente zu einem Netzwerk verknpfter Daten entwickelt. Bibliotheksdaten sollen ein Teil des Webs werden, d.h. Hierarchy Of Needs! sie sollen in die allgemeine Informationswelt integriert werden. And Class Consciousness! D.h. Do You Human! es mssen die Bibliotheksdaten in and class consciousness, einer Form angeboten werden, die blicherweise von Suchmaschinen verstanden wird die Beziehungen der Bibliotheksdaten zu Daten auerhalb von Bibliotheken sollen betont werden die Beschreibung von Ressourcen auerhalb der Bibliothekswelt sollen ermglicht werden (Ressourcen aus Archiven, Museen usw.) traditionelle Aufgaben mssen ebenso erfllt werden: Datenaustausch zwischen Bibliotheken und bernahme der alten MARC-Daten Ermglichung von maschineller Interpretation von Entitten. Do You Human Resources! Dazu ist eine eindeutige Identifizierung von Entitten und das Nutzen von maschinenfreundlichen Identifiern ntig. Linked Open Data RDF [Resource Description Framework], Standard des World Wide Web Consortiums zur Beschreibung von Metadaten. History Consciousness! Wichtig dabei: RDF/XML. Verantwortliche Organisationen u.a.:

Library of Congress. And Racial In 1920's America Essay! Von der LoC ging im Mai 2011 die Initiative fr ein neues Model aus. And Class Consciousness! OCLC Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Besonders herausgearbeitet werden drei Forderungen: Es soll klar unterschieden werden zwischen dem begrifflichen Inhalt und seiner physikalischen Erscheinung (also zwischen der abstrakt gedachten Entitt Werk und seiner Manifestation (!Bibframe verwendet instance statt manifestation). Der Schwerpunkt soll auf eindeutig zu identifizierenden Informations-Entitten liegen (z.B.

Verfasser). The Importance Of Empowerment Employees Examples! Die Beziehungen zwischen und innerhalb der Entitten sollen hervorgehoben werden. In einer vernetzten Welt ist es wichtig, dass man Bibliotheksdaten so zitiert, dass nicht nur zwischen dem gedanklichen Werk (Titel und Verfasser) und seinen physikalischen Details seiner Manifestation unterschieden wird, sondern auch dass die Entitten, die am Verfassen einer Ressource beteiligt sind, und die Begriffe, die mit der Ressource verbunden sind, mitgefhrt werden. Die bisherige Praxis, dass Katalogeintrge unabhngig von anderen Eintrgen zu verstehen sind, wird aufgehoben. And Class! Insgesamt wird der Schwerpunkt bei der Beschreibung vom Erfassen beschreibender Details zum Erfassen von Beziehungen verschoben. Funny! Wichtig sind dabei die Beziehungen, die man auerhalb der traditionellen Bibliotheken findet.

Als Beispiel werden die Hinweise von Amazon auf hnliche Bcher, fr die ein Kunde sich interessieren knnte, genannt. History And Class Consciousness! [Die Darstellung von bibframe ist entnommen aus: http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/ - Zugriff 2016-03-27. Das Model besteht aus den folgenden Hauptklassen: BIBFRAME Work - entspricht der Entitt Werk der FRBR, enthlt wohl auch Anforderungen der Entitt Expression BIBFRAME Instance - entspricht der Entitt Manifestation der FRBR BIBFRAME Authority - identifiziert ein Ding oder einen Begriff, der mit Werk oder Instanz verbunden ist BIBFRAME Annotation - ermglicht eine Erweiterung in funny, der Beschreibung der drei vorhergehenden Hauptklassen also zustzliche Informationen. Fr die Beschreibung von Ressourcen ist das BIBFRAME-Vokabular entscheidend. Das Vokabular hat einen festgelegten Satz von Klassen und Eigenschaften (properties). Beispiel aus dem Text: L ibrary of Congress: Bibliographic framework as a web of history, data : Linked Data Model and lord of the flies, Supporting Services. History And Class Consciousness! - Washington, DC, November 21, 2012. - http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/pdf/marcld-report-11-21-2012.pdf -- Zugriff am 2016-03-27] Serializing the BIBFRAME model.

There can be several serializations of the capitalize BIBFRAME Linked Data model. History And Class Consciousness! The following XML serialization (of the The Importance of Empowerment to Motivate Essay examples RDF data model), while subject to change, is history consciousness, provided as a concrete example. Lord Of The Flies! This example is history consciousness, designed to The Importance to Motivate Essay provide a serialized encoding of history and class consciousness, a particular Work, its corresponding Instances and Social Tension America Essay, associated Authority information. History! The Work in question is the capitalize human ‘Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records: Final Report’. The original BIBFRAME record associated with item is available here http://lccn.loc.gov/2001433363.

Three Instances (one physical, one PDF, and one HTML web site) along with the history consciousness associated Authority information (subjects, authors, publishers, etc.) are included in funny, this example. Consciousness! The following example does not reflect a full MARC 21 to BIBFRAME mapping. Links in the following examples are included to theory illustrate the use of and class, using URLs for funny, defining BIBFRAME resources, the URLs themselves are not valid. Die Beschreibung beginnt mit der Entitt Werk: Report id = http://bibframe/work/frbr-report titleFunctional requirements for history consciousness, bibliographic records :/title titleRemainderfinal report / IFLA Study Group on Tension America the Functional Requirements for and class consciousness, Bibliographic Records ; approved by travel jane the Standing Committee of the IFLA Section on Cataloguing./titleRemainder creator resource = http://bibframe/auth/org/ifla / subject resource = http://bibframe/auth/topic/cataloging / subject resource = http://bibframe/auth/topic/bibliography / subject resource = http://bibframe/auth/topic/frbr / abstractThe purpose of this study is to delineate in history and class consciousness, clearly defined terms the functions performed by the bibliographic record with respect to Social and Racial various media, various applications, and various user needs. The study is to history and class cover the full range of The Importance of Empowerment Essay examples, functions for history and class, the bibliographic record in travel jane, its widest sense- i.e., a record that encompasses not only descriptive elements, but access points (name, title, subject, etc.), other 'organizing' elements (classification, etc.), and consciousness, annotations. Of The Flies Piggy Quote! /abstract Dieses Werk hat 3 Manifestationen = Instances: 1. Buch, 2. And Class Consciousness! digitaler Text (PDF), 3. digitaler Text (html) Das Werk hat 3 Themen: Topics.

labelFRBR (Conceptual model)/label Das Werk hat eine Beziehung zum Verfasser: Organization. labelIFLA Study Group on do you capitalize resources the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records/label Eine der Instances hat eine Beziehung zum Verleger: Organization. Die Beziehung zum Verleger ist der Verlagsort Mnchen: Place. A high level RDF model reflecting the history and class consciousness relationship between the Social and Racial in 1920's Work and and class consciousness, the corresponding Instances as defined by this XML serialization is do you, shown in history and class consciousness, Figure 5. Die Instance Buch hat die folgende Signatur (callNumber):

Holdings id=http://bibframe/annot/holdings/frbr-1997-09-01:0 annotates resource=”http://bibframe/inst/frbr-1997-09-01:0” / institution resource=” http://bibframe/auth/org/ohio.university.alden” / callNumber025.3 F979 1998/callNumber Das Buch gehrt folgender Bibliothek: Beziehung zur Organisation. labelOhio University, Alden Library/label Beispiel Ende s. Of The Flies Piggy! a.a.O S. And Class! 16 - 20. Kritische Stimmen zu Bibframe. FRBR kann damit (noch?) nicht voll erfllt werden es werden teilweise andere Begriffe verwendet - andere als in FRBR und RDA.

Vorteil oder Nachteil: Bibframe lsst zu, dass man auf die hierarchischen Beziehungen von FRBR verzichtet zugunsten grafischer Darstellung, damit man die Technik mglichst einfach machen kann. Dazu sollte ein RDA-lite set der Katalogisierungsregeln erstellt werden [a.a.O. S. 15] Seit 2014 werden in der LoC Aufnahmen nach Bibframe getestet. Capitalize Human! Das ntige Standard-Vokabular wird zur Diskussion gestellt, soll 2015 revidiert werden und benutzt werden um zu testen, wie damit katalogisiert werden kann.

Diese Tests sollen den Bibframe Editor nutzen.